Pelham Bay Park
park=Pelham Bay Park
caption=Northern tip of Hunter Island in Pelham Bay Park
Bronx, New York, New York, USA
size=2,764 acres (11 km²)
New York City Department of Parks and Recreation
Pelham Bay Park, located in the northeast corner of the
New York Cityborough of The Bronx, is at 2,764 acres (11 km²) the largest public parkin New York City, more than three times the size of Manhattan's Central Park. It is operated by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.
About 600 acres (2.4 km²) are tidal, and fluctuate between being walkable and underwater, due to rapid tide changes in the
salt marshes and the receding shoreline of Orchard Beach. The park includes land on both sides of the Hutchinson River, as well as Hunters Island, Twin Island, and Two-Trees Island, all formerly true islands in Pelham Bay and now connected to the mainland by fill. On its north is the village of Pelham Manor in Westchester County. The park borders the Bronx neighborhoods of Country Club, Pelham Bay, City Island, and Co-op City.
The southern part of
Rodman's Neckis not part of the park but is occupied by the NYPD Rodman's Neck Firing Range. The City Island Bridgeconnects the park to City Island. A 19th century plantation-style mansion called Bartow-Pell Mansionis a colonial remnant done in Greek revival style. It is a National Historic Landmark.
The lagoon nearby was once part of Pelham Bay and was called Le Roy's Bay in colonial times. The lagoon was widened and dredged when it was chosen as the site of the 1964 Olympic Rowing trials. [ [http://www.nycgovparks.org/sub_your_park/historical_signs/hs_historical_sign.php?id=11621 NYC Department of Parks and Recreation - THE LAGOON] ]
At the northeast section of the park is Orchard Beach and a parking lot that were created by
Robert Mosesas the "Riviera of Long Island Sound". One third of Pelham Bay, from which the park got its name, was filled in with landfill to make Orchard Beach. The park is crossed by the New England Thruway, the Hutchinson River Parkway, and Amtrak's Northeast Corridorrailroad.
In the southeast section of the park, near the
New England Thruway, there are 4 softball/baseball fields, a playground for children, picnic area, tennis courts, a parking lot and several trails for walking/biking/running. Moreover, there is a large running track that was recently renovated. The renovation was part of New York City's attempt to obtain the 2012 Summer Olympics. This track has a bleacher section off to its side and surrounds a grassy area that is used for both soccer games and football games. There are two overpasses that span the New England Thruwayand bring parkgoers from the residential area of Pelham Baydirectly into this section of the park. Bicycle paths go to all parts of the park and west to Bronx Park, east to City Island, and north to Mount Vernon. The park is the home of the Bronx Equestrian Center where visitors can ride horses through the parks' trails, enjoy pony rides or obtain riding lessons.
* Orchard Beach: a 115 acre, 1.1 mile long beach, the only public beach in the Bronx.
* The Bartow-Pell Mansion and Museum: an elegant example of 19th century architecture.
* Split Rock: at the Hutchinson River Parkway's intersection with the New England Thruway; legend says that Anne Hutchinson, an early proponent of religious freedom, was killed here.
The Bronx Victory Column & Memorial Grove: a 75-foot tall limestone column supporting a statue of Winged Victory, honoring servicemen from the Bronx who lost their lives defending their country.
Glover's Rock: a giant rock bearing a bronze plaque commemorating The Battle of Pell's Point during the Revolutionary War.
* Hunter Island: a small island, home to the Kazimiroff Nature Trail.
* Thomas Pell Wildlife Sanctuary: mostly salt marsh; egrets and heron can often be seen.
Anne Hutchinson's short-lived dissident colony, along with a number of other unsuccessful settlements, was located in what is now the park's land. The colony, though English, was under Dutch authority; it was destroyed in 1643 by a Siwanoyattack in reprisal for the unrelated massacres carried out under Willem Kieft's direction of the Dutch West India Company's New Amsterdamcolony. In 1654 an Englishman named Thomas Pellpurchased 50,000 acres (200 km²) from the Siwanoy, land which would become known as Pelham Manor after Charles II's 1666 charter.
American Revolutionary War, the land was a buffer between British-held New York City and rebel-held Westchester. As such it was the site of the Battle of Pell's Point, where Massachusetts militiahiding behind stone walls (still visible at one of the park's golf courses) stopped a British advance.
The park was created in 1888, under the auspices of the Bronx Parks Department, and passed to New York City when the part of the Bronx east of the
Bronx Riverwas annexed to the city in 1895. Orchard Beach, one of the city's most popular, was created through the efforts of Robert Mosesin the 1930s.
In 1941, the NYPD Rodman's Neck Firing Range was created using land from the park.
* [http://www.nycgovparks.org/sub_your_park/vt_pelham_bay_park/vt_pelham_bay_park.html NYC Department of Parks & Recreation Pelham Bay Park Virtual Tour]
* [http://www.bartowpellmansionmuseum.org/ Bartow-Pell Mansion Museum]
* [http://www.bronxpress.com/3_7_02front.html The Bronx would play a peripheral role in proposed NYC 2012 Olympics]
* [http://www.bronxequestriancenter.com/ The Bronx Equestrian Center]
* [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9D00E4DC1E30E333A25751C2A9679D94649ED7CF SCANDAL IN PARK]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pelham Bay Park — Rivage de Hunter Island dans le Pelham Bay Park. Le Pelham Bay Park est le plus grand parc de la ville de New York. Situé dans le nord du borough du Bronx, il s étend sur 11 km² (c est à dire plus de trois fois la superficie de Central Park), et… … Wikipédia en Français
Pelham Bay Park (línea Pelham) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pelham Bay Park … Wikipedia Español
Pelham Bay Park (IRT Pelham Line) — Infobox NYCS name = Pelham Bay Park accessible = yes bg color = #007527 line = IRT Pelham Line service = Pelham north platforms = 1 island platform in service 2 side platforms closed tracks = 2 borough = Bronx open date = December 20, 1920 north… … Wikipedia
Pelham Bay, Bronx — Pelham Bay is a neighborhood in the borough of the Bronx, in New York City. It is named for Pelham Bay Park, New York City s largest park which lies on the neighborhood s northeastern border.HistoryMost of the neighborhood is land that was… … Wikipedia
Pelham Bay (disambiguation) — Pelham Bay may be:* Pelham Bay, a body of water in The Bronx, New York * Pelham Bay, Bronx, New York, a neighborhood * Pelham Bay Park * Pelham Bay Park (IRT Pelham Line), a subway station … Wikipedia
Pelham Parkway, Bronx — Pelham Parkway is a working class neighborhood geographically located in the east Bronx borough of New York City in the United States. The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community Board 11. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving… … Wikipedia
Pelham Parkway — See also: Pelham Parkway (disambiguation) Pelham Parkway Route information Length: 2.25 mi[1 … Wikipedia
Pelham Bridge — Infobox Bridge bridge name = Pelham Bridge caption = Bascule roadbed of Pelham Bridge. Co op City is visible in the background official name = Pelham Bay Bridge carries = Motor vehicles, Pedestrians, Bicycles crosses = Hutchinson River locale =… … Wikipedia
The Pelham Islands — is a historical name for a group of islands in western Long Island Sound that once belonged to Thomas Pell. The main islands to this group are City Island, Hart Island, Hunters Island, Twin Island, Goose Island, Davids Island, High Island, Rat… … Wikipedia
Buhre Avenue (IRT Pelham Line) — Infobox NYCS name = Buhre Avenue bg color = #007527 line = IRT Pelham Line service = Pelham north local platforms = 2 side platforms tracks = 3 borough = Bronx open date = December 20, 1920 north station = Pelham Bay Park north station acc = yes… … Wikipedia