Alois Hába


Alois Hába

Alois Hába (June 21, 1893, Vizovice – November 18, 1973, Prague) was a Czech composer, musical theorist and teacher. He is primarily known for his microtonal compositions, especially using the quarter tone scale, though he used others such as sixth-tones and twelfth-tones.

Life

Hába came from musical family, his brother Karel Hába was also a composer, and their father was a folk musician.He began to compose during the studies in Kroměříž (1908-1912). He was a student of composer Vítězslav Novák in 1914-15 at the Prague Conservatory, graduated with "Sonata for violin and piano". Hába studied also at the Imperial Academy of Music and the Performing Arts in Vienna (1918-1920) (among his teachers was Richard Stöhr), and in Berlin 1920-1922). In 1920, as a student of Franz Schreker, he composed his first quarter-tone work - "String Quartet No. 2". He was supported by Josef Suk and with his help was able to found a microtonal department of teaching and research at the Prague Conservatory in 1924. In 1923-1948 he worked first as a instructor, later (since 1936) as professor at the Prague Conservatory. During the WW II. was Hába endangered by Nazis, because he tried to help his jewish pupils [Vysloužil, p. 169] . After the war he was persecuted also by communists. He died in Prague in 1973.

He also commissioned quarter and sixth tone instruments such as trumpets, clarinets and pianos.

His best known work is the opera Mother, which received its premiere at the Gärtnerplatztheater in Munich, Germany in May 1931; curiously, the cast included the Swiss tenor Max Meili, an early music specialist and primarily a recitalist rather than an opera singer.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.xs4all.nl/~huygensf/english/haba.html xs4all.nl: Alois Hába]
* [http://www.tonalsoft.com/monzo/haba/haba-worklist.htm List of works]

References

*Vysloužil, Jiří: Hudební slovník pro každého II. Vizovice: Lípa, 2001. ISBN 80-86093-23-9
* [http://www.bach-cantatas.com/Bio/Meili-Max.htm Bach Cantatas Website] , Biographical sketch of Max Meili accessed March 10, 2008


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  • Alois Hába — (* 21. Juni 1893 in Wisowitz, Mähren; † 18. November 1973 in Prag) war ein tschechischer Komponist und Musiktheoretiker. Er erlangte Weltruhm durch seine Mikrointervallkompositionen, bei denen vor allem Viertelton , aber auch Sechst …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Alois Hába — est un compositeur tchèque, né le 21 juin 1893 à Vizovice (Moravie) et mort le 18 novembre 1973 à Prague. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

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