3 Sortavala


Sortavala

Coordinates: 61°42′N 30°40′E / 61.7°N 30.667°E / 61.7; 30.667

Coat of arms of Sortavala

Sortavala (Russian: Сортавала; Finnish: Sortavala; Swedish and Karelian: Sordavala) is a town in the Republic of Karelia, Russia, located at the northern tip of Lake Ladoga. Population: 19,215 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 21,131 (2002 Census);[2] 22,579 (1989 Census).[3]

It is an important station of the Vyborg-Joensuu railroad.

Contents

History

The district of Sortavala was first recorded in Swedish documents dating to 1468. Russian documents first mention it as "Serdovol" or "Serdobol" in 1500. It is disputed which name was the earliest.[who?] The settlement of Sortavala was attested in 1582. It was ceded to Sweden after the Ingrian War; the modern town seems to have been founded in 1632.

With the 1721 Treaty of Nystad, the settlement was joined to Russia along with the rest of Old Finland and was given the Russian name Serdobol. It became known for its marble and granite quarries which provided materials necessary for construction of imperial palaces in Saint Petersburg and the neighbourhood. In 1812, along with the rest of Viipuri province, it was joined to the newly formed Grand Duchy of Finland.

In 1917, the town remained a part of independent Finland. It suffered extensively from mass Soviet bombardment during the Winter War,[4] and through the Moscow Peace Treaty Finland was forced to cede the town to the Soviet Union. All of the population of the town was evacuated for the first time. Like the rest of Finnish Karelia, Sortavala was retaken by Finland during 1941–1944 (the period of the Continuation War) and most evaquees returned to rebuild their homes. However, after the armistice of 1944 the Finns were evacuated again and the town was ceded back empty of population. After the war the city was resettled by the Slavic population.

Until 1940, the Ladoga shore southwest of Sortavala had been one of the very few relatively densely populated areas north of the Karelian Isthmus populated by Karelians.

Sister city

Famous persons from Sortavala

References

  1. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  2. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  3. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  4. ^ The Soviet bombing of Sortavala in pictures

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sortavala — Сортавала Coordonnées  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sortavala — Stadt Sortawala Сортавала Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sortavala — Original name in latin Sortavala Name in other language Gorad Sartavala, SORTAVALA, Sordavala, Sorravala, Sortaval, Sortavala, Sortavalae, Sortawala, Szortavala, soleutaballa, sorutavuSortavalaara, suo er ta wa la, swrtafala, swrtawala, Горад… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Guerre De Continuation — Chars Sturmgeschütz III finlandais Informations générales Date 25 juin 1941 19 septembre 1944 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Finnish reconquest of Ladoga Karelia (1941) — The Finnish reconquest of Ladoga Karelia (1941) refers to a military campaign carried out by Finland in 1941. It was part of what is commonly referred to as the Continuation War. Initial layout of forcesInitially the Finnish army was deployed in… …   Wikipedia

  • Guerre de Continuation — Chars Sturmgeschütz III finlandais Informations générales Date 25 juin 1941 19 septembre 1944 Lieu Finla …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vyborg–Joensuu railroad — The old Karelian railroad ( fi. Karjalan rata) between Vyborg and Joensuu is a railway with 1520 mm gauge, which used to link Joensuu, Sortavala, Hiitola, Antrea (now Kamennogorsk) and Vyborg. Originally built by Finnish State Railways in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Сердоволь — Город Сортавала Sortavala Герб …   Википедия

  • Сортавала — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Сортавала (значения). Запрос «Сердоболь» перенаправляется сюда; см. также другие значения. Город Сортавала Sortavala Герб …   Википедия

  • Finnish reconquest of the Karelian Isthmus (1941) — The Finnish reconquest of the Karelian Isthmus (1941) refers to a military campaign carried out by Finland in 1941. It was part of what is commonly referred to as the Continuation War. Finnish forced reconquered the Karelian Isthmus, lost to the… …   Wikipedia

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