- Central Provinces and Berar
The Central Provinces and Berar was a province of
British India. The province comprised British conquests from the Mughalsand Marathas in central India, and covered much of present-day Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarhand Maharashtrastates. Its capital was Nagpur. The Central Provinces was formed in 1861by the merger of the Saugor and Nerbudda Territoriesand Nagpur Province. The Marathi-speaking Berarregion of the Hyderabad princely statewas annexed to the Central Provinces in 1903. After Indian Independence in 1947, a number of princely states were merged into the Central Provinces, which, when the Constitution of Indiawent into effect in 1950, became the new Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
The Central Provinces and Berar were bounded on the north and northeast by the
Central India Agency, including the Bundelkhandand Bagelkhandagencies, and along the northern edge of Sagar Districtby the United Provinces; on the west by the states of Bhopal, Indore, and Kandesh Districtof Bombay Presidency; on the south by Hyderabad Stateand the large zamindari estates of the Madras Presidency; and on the east by these latter estates and the tributary states of Bengal.
After the defeat of the Marathas in the
Third Anglo-Maratha War, the territories north of the Satpura Rangeceded in 1817 by the Maratha Peshwa(parts of Saugor and Damoh) and in 1818 by Appa Sahibwere in 1820 formed into the Saugor and Nerbudda Territoriesunder an agent to the governor-general. In 1835 the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories were included in the newly formed North-Western Provinces. In 1842, in consequence of a rising, they were again placed under the jurisdiction of an agent to the governor-general. They were restored to the North-Western Province in 1853.
In 1818, the Maratha
BhonsleMaharajas of Nagpur submitted to British sovereignty. In 1853, on the death of Raghoji III without heirs, Nagpur was annexed by the British under the doctrine of lapse. Until the formation of the Central Provinces in 1861, Nagpur Province, which consisted of the Nagpur Division, Chhindwaraand Chhattisgarh, was administered by a commissioner under the central government. The Saugor and Nerbudda Territories were joined with the Nagpur province to constitute the new Central Provinces in 1861. On the 1st of October 1903 Berar also was placed under the administration of the commissioner of the Central Provinces. In October 1905 most of Sambalpurand the princely states of Bamra, Rairakhol, Sonpur, Patna and Kalahandi were transferred from the Central Provinces to Bengal, while the Hindi-speaking Chota Nagpurstates of Chang Bhakar, Korea, Surguja, Udaipur and Jashpur were transferred from Bengal to the Central Provinces.
In 1935 the Government of India Act was passed by the British Parliament. This act provided for the election of a provincial assembly, with an electorate made up of men with a minimum of financial resources, and excluding women and the poor. Extraordinary powers were reserved for governor. The princely states were removed from the authority of the provinces, and placed under the authority of a number of new agencies, responsible directly to the
Governor-General of India. Elections were held in 1937, and the Indian National Congresstook a majority of the seats. N. B. Kharebecame the first prime minister of the Central Provinces in August 1937. Khare resigned in 1938, and the Governor took control of the province. Another round of elections were held in 1946, yielding another Congress majority, and Ravi Shankar Shuklabecame prime minister.
India became independent on August 15, 1947, and the Central Provinces and Berar became a province of the new country. The princely states which were part of the Central Provinces before 1936 were merged back into the province, and organized into new districts. When the
Constitution of Indiawent into effect in 1950, the Central Provinces and Berar became the new state of Madhya Pradesh.
The Central provinces and Berar was made up of 22 districts, grouped into five divisions:
* Jubbulpore (Jabalpur) Division (18,950 sq. mi.) which included Jubbulpore, Saugor (Sagar), Damoh, Seoni and Mandla districts.
* Nerbudda (Narmada) Division (18,382 sq. mi.), which included
Narsinghpur, Hoshangabad, Nimar, Betuland Chhindwaradistricts.
Nagpur Division(23,521 sq. mi.), which included Nagpur, Bhandara, Chanda, Wardha, and Balaghat districts.
Chhattisgarh Division(21,240 sq. mi.), which included Bilaspur, Raipur, and Durg (created 1905) districts.
Berar Division, which included Amraoti (Amravati), Akola, Ellichpur, Buldhana, Basimand Wun districts.
The Central Provinces and Berar also had jurisdiction over 16
princely states. The states of Raigarh (1486 sq. mi.) and Sarangarh (540 m².) were under the authority of Chhattisgarh Division.
After Indian independence
After Indian Independence in 1947, the Central Provinces and Berar became part of India, and was merged with the princely states under its authority to become the Indian State of
Madhya Pradeshin 1950. In 1956, the Marathi-speaking areas of Madhya Pradesh, which comprised the Berar and Nagpur divisions, became part of Bombay state. In 2000, the eastern portion of Madhya Pradesh split off to become the new state of Chhattisgarh.
List of chief commissioners, governors, and prime ministers of the Central Provinces
* Markovits, Claude (ed.) (2004). "A History of Modern India: 1480-1950". Anthem Press, London.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Central Provinces and Berar — /bay rahr / a former province in central India: became the state of Madhya Pradesh 1950. * * * … Universalium
Central Provinces and Berar — /bɛˈra/ (say be rah) noun a former province in central India, now a part of Madhya Pradesh … Australian English dictionary
Central Provinces and Berar — /bay rahr / a former province in central India: became the state of Madhya Pradesh 1950 … Useful english dictionary
Central Provinces and Berar — geographical name former province of India reorganized 1950 & renamed Madhya Pradesh … New Collegiate Dictionary
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