Leonard Nimoy

Infobox actor
name = Leonard Nimoy



imagesize =
caption = Nimoy signing autographs at a Star Trek convention, c. 1980
birthdate = birth date and age|1931|03|26
birthplace = Boston, Massachusetts
birthname = Leonard Simon Nimoy
deathdate =
deathplace =
othername =
occupation = Television, film actor, film director
yearsactive = 1951 – present
spouse = Sandra Zober (1954-1987)
Susan Bay (1988-present)
website =
academyawards =
afiawards =
emmyawards =
filmfareawards =
goldenglobeawards =
goldenraspberryawards =
grammyawards =
sagawards =
awards =

Leonard Simon Nimoy (born March 26, 1931) is an American actor, film director, poet, musician and photographer. He is best known for playing the character of Spock on "," an American television series that ran for three seasons from 1966 to 1969, in addition to several movie sequels.

Early life

Nimoy was born in Boston, Massachusetts to Yiddish-speaking Jewish immigrants from Russia. [ [http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2007/05/20/MNG5VPS5F71.DTL&feed=rss.news Leonard Nimoy - a paladin for the plump / Ex-actor's images sing out in praise of naked plus-size body ] ] [http://www.adherents.com/people/pn/Leonard_Nimoy.html Sfgate: Leonard Nimoy -- a paladin for the plump] ] His mother, Dora (née Spinner), was a homemaker, and his father, Max Nimoy, owned a barbershop. [ [http://www.filmreference.com/film/40/Leonard-Nimoy.html Leonard Nimoy Biography (1931-) ] ] [ [http://movies.yahoo.com/movie/contributor/1800021221/bio Leonard Nimoy Biography - Yahoo! Movies ] ] Nimoy began acting at the age of 8 but his first major role was Ralphie in Clifford Odets's "Awake and Sing," at 17. [ [http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/05/15/arts/nimoy.php From 'Spock': The beauty of big women - International Herald Tribune ] ] He studied photography at UCLA, but never completed his degree. He graduated from Boston College in 1953 and has an MA in education and an honorary doctorate from Antioch University in Ohio. He received his high school education at the English High School of Boston. Nimoy spent much of his early career doing small parts in B-movies, TV shows such as "Dragnet", and serials such as Republic Pictures' "Zombies of the Stratosphere" in 1952. He fondly recalls playing in pinochle tournaments and selling his body for medical experiments to pay for tap dance lessons. In 1961, he had a minor role in "The Twilight Zone" episode "A Quality of Mercy". His Bostonian upbringing can be heard in his pronunciation, for example his pronunciation of the word "rather" in "" episodes.

Nimoy served in the U.S. Army Reserve, receiving final discharge in November 1955 as a Sergeant. According to the National Archives and Records Administration, Nimoy's U.S. Army service record was destroyed in the 1973 National Archives Fire.

Career

tage and screen

Nimoy's most famous role is the half-Vulcan, half-human Spock from "", which ran from 1966 to 1969. He earned three Emmy nominations for playing this character.

As a foretaste of what was to come, Nimoy and William Shatner (who would go on to play Spock's commanding officer, Captain James T. Kirk) found themselves on the opposite side of the Iron Curtain in the 1964 episode of "The Man from U.N.C.L.E.", "The Project Strigas Affair". With his saturnine looks, Nimoy was predictably the villain, with Shatner playing a reluctant U.N.C.L.E. recruit. Nimoy went on to reprise Spock's character in a voice-over role in ', in two episodes of ', and in six Star Trek motion pictures featuring the original cast. He will perform an older Spock in the upcoming "Star Trek" movie directed by J. J. Abrams.

Before his success in "Star Trek", Nimoy had acted in more than 50 movies or television shows. Although most of these were popular TV shows, he also appeared in "The Balcony", an adaptation of a play by Jean Genet. Following the cancellation of the original "Star Trek" series, Nimoy immediately joined the cast of the spy series "", which was seeking a replacement for Martin Landau. Nimoy was cast as an IMF agent who was an ex-magician/ make-up expert, "The Great Paris." He played the role from 1969 to 1971, on the fourth and fifth seasons of the show. (As noted by Patrick White in "The Complete Mission: Impossible Dossier", Landau had been an early choice to play Spock.) It was during the run of the show that Nimoy fell ill with a stomach ulcer.

He co-starred with Yul Brynner and Richard Crenna in the Western movie "Catlow" (1971). Nimoy also appeared in various made for television films in this period, such as "Assault On The Wayne" (1970), "Baffled" (1972), "The Alpha Caper" (1973), "The Missing Are Deadly" (1974), "Seizure: The Story Of Kathy Morris" (1980), "Marco Polo" (1982) and he received an Emmy award nomination for best supporting actor for the TV film "A Woman Called Golda" (1982). Nimoy also appeared in two popular television series, in 1972 on an episode of "Night Gallery" called "She'll Be Company for You", and in 1973 on an episode of "Columbo" called "A Stitch in Crime". He played a murderous doctor and was one of the few criminals at whom Columbo ever really became angry. In the late 1970s, he hosted and narrated the television series "In Search of...", which investigated paranormal or unexplained events or subjects. He also has a memorable character part as a mad scientist-type New Age psychologist in Philip Kaufman's remake of "Invasion of the Body Snatchers". It was during this time that Nimoy won acclaim for a series of stage roles as well. He has appeared in such plays as "Vincent", "Fiddler On The Roof", "The Man in the Glass Booth", "Oliver!", "Six Rms Riv Vu", "Full Circle", "Camelot", "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest", "The King And I", "Caligula", "The Four Poster", "Twelfth Night", "Sherlock Holmes", "Equus" and "My Fair Lady". When a new "Star Trek" series was planned in the late 1970s, Nimoy was to be in only two out of every eleven episodes, but when the show was elevated to a feature film, he agreed to reprise his role.

After directing a few television show episodes, Nimoy broke into film directing in 1984 with the successful third installment of the Star Trek film series ('). Nimoy would go on to direct the most successful (critically and financially) film in the franchise to date, ' (1986) and move beyond the Trek universe with "Three Men and a Baby", the highest grossing film of 1987. Nimoy also did occasional work as a voice actor in animated feature films including the character of Galvatron in "" in 1986 and "The Pagemaster" in 1994.

Literary works

Nimoy has written two autobiographies, the first one called "I Am Not Spock" (1977). The title of this book was controversial, as many fans incorrectly assumed that Nimoy was distancing himself from the Spock character; however, Nimoy's stated intention was merely to remind the public at large that Spock and Nimoy were not one and the same. In the book, Nimoy conducts dialogues between himself and Spock.

His second autobiography was entitled "I Am Spock" (1995), and this title was meant to communicate that he finally realized that his years of portraying the Spock character had led to a much greater identification between the fictional character and the real person. Over the years, Nimoy had much input into how Spock would act in certain situations, and, conversely, Nimoy's contemplation of how Spock acted gave him cause to think about things in a way that he never would have thought if he had not portrayed this character. As such, in this autobiography Nimoy maintains that in some meaningful sense, he really is now Spock, and Spock is he, while at the same time maintaining the distance between fact and fiction.

Nimoy has also written several volumes of poetry, some published along with a number of his photographs. His latest effort is entitled "A Lifetime of Love: Poems on the Passages of Life" (2002). His poetry can be found in the Contemporary Poets index of The HyperTexts. [http://www.thehypertexts.com The HyperTexts] In the mid 1970s Nimoy wrote and starred in a one man play called "Vincent" based on the play "Van Gogh" by "Phillip Stephens".

In 1995, Nimoy was involved in the production of "Primortals", a comic book series published by Tekno Comix that involved a first contact situation with aliens that had arisen from discussion between him and Isaac Asimov. There was a novelization by Steve Perry.

Music career

During and following "", Nimoy also released five albums of vocal recordings on Dot Records, including Trek-related songs such as "Highly Illogical", and cover versions of popular tunes, such as Proud Mary. The albums were extremely popular and resulted in numerous live appearances and promotional record signings that attracted crowds of fans in the thousands. The early recordings were produced by Charles Grean, who may be best known as the composer of "Quentin's Theme" for the mid-sixties goth soap opera, "Dark Shadows". These recordings are generally regarded as unintentionally camp, though his tongue-in-cheek performance of "The Ballad of Bilbo Baggins" received a fair amount of airplay when Peter Jackson's "The Lord of the Rings" films were released.

In addition to his own music career he directed a 1985 music video for The Bangles' "Going Down to Liverpool". He makes a brief cameo appearance in the video as their driver. This came about because his son Adam Nimoy (now a frequent television director) was a friend of Bangles lead singer Susanna Hoffs from college.

He released a version of country music legend Johnny Cash's song "I Walk the Line".

Nimoy appeared in "Hearts of Space" program number 142 - "Whales alive"

Current work

Starting in 1994, Nimoy began to narrate the "Ancient Mysteries" series on A&E including "The Sacred Water of Lourdes" and "The Last Days of the Romanovs". He also appeared in advertising in the United Kingdom for the computer company Time Computers in the late 1990s. He had a central role in "Brave New World" (film), a 1998 TV-movie version of Aldous Huxley's novel where he played a character wonderfully reminiscent of Spock in his philosophical balancing of unpredictable human qualities with the need for control. Nimoy has also appeared in several popular television series--including "Futurama" and "The Simpsons"--as both himself and Spock.

In 2003, he announced his retirement from acting in order to concentrate on his photography, such as his recent exhibit for nude pictures of BBW women and models, but has subsequently appeared in several popular television commercials with William Shatner for Priceline.com. He also appeared in a commercial for Aleve, an arthritis pain medication, which aired during the 2006 Super Bowl. Nimoy also provided a comprehensive series of voiceovers for the 2005 computer game "Civilization IV". He also did the TV series "Next Wave" where he interviewed people about technology. He is the host in the documentary film "The Once and Future Griffith Observatory" currently running in the Leonard Nimoy Event Horizon Theater located at the recently reopened Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles, California. In January 2007, he granted an interview to Fat free film where he discussed his early career and the benefits of being typecast. [ [http://fatfreefilm.com/episode.php?showCode=60 Leonard Nimoy interviewed on the Independent Film Podcast - Fat Free Film ] ]

On July 26, 2007, it was revealed at Comic-Con that Nimoy would return to reprise his famous role as Spock one more time in the upcoming movie "Star Trek", while Zachary Quinto will play his younger self. [Cite web|url=http://trekmovie.com/2007/07/26/abrams-confirms-nimoy-and-qunito-still-wants-shatner/|title=Abrams Confirms Zachary Quinto and Leonard Nimoy|date=2007-07-26|publisher=Trekmovie.com|first=Anthony|last=Pascale]

Personal life

Nimoy has long been active in the Jewish community. As a teen he was active in BBYO, the Jewish youth organization; he won their award for distinguished alumni.fact|date=September 2008 He speaks and reads Yiddish. One of his better-known roles was that of Tevye the milkman, in the musical "Fiddler on the Roof", based on the series of short stories by Yiddish author Sholom Aleichem. In 1997, he narrated the documentary "A Life Apart: Hasidism in America", about the various sects of Hasidic Orthodox Jews. In October 2002 Nimoy published "The Shekhina Project", a photographic study exploring the feminine aspect of God's presence, inspired by Kabbalah (esoteric Jewish mysticism). His photographs, which show nude women draped in tefillin (phylacteries), which are typically worn by Jewish males, aroused considerable controversy in the Jewish community.Fact|date=June 2008

Nimoy has been married twice. In 1954, he married actress Sandra Zober, whom he divorced in 1987. He had two children with her, director Adam Nimoy and Julie Nimoy, who both appear in an Oldsmobile commercial, with the famous tagline, "This is not your father's Oldmobile". In 1988, he married actress Susan Bay, who is the aunt of director Michael Bay. [Michael Bay's "" DVD audio commentary, 2007, Paramount Pictures/DreamWorks]

Nimoy introduced the Vulcan nerve pinch in an early "TOS" episode ("The Enemy Within") where Spock was supposed to KO the evil Kirk in the Engineering room. He suggested the "pinch" as a non-violent alternative. Nimoy also devised the Vulcan Salute - a raised hand, palm forward with the fingers parted between the middle and ring finger - based on the traditional kohanic blessing, which is performed with both hands, thumb to thumb in this position: a position thought to represent the Hebrew letter "shin" (ש). (This letter is often used as a symbol of God in Judaism, as it is an abbreviation for one of God's names, "Shaddai". This usage is seen, for example, on every "mezuzah".) Nimoy says he derived the accompanying spoken blessing, "Live long and prosper" from this source, as the last phrase of the blessing is "May the Lord be forbearing unto you and give you peace" (Numbers 6:24-26). [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1d83XOORP0 YouTube - Leonard Nimoy: The Origin of Spock's Greeting ] ] Nimoy was asked to read the verses as part of his narration for "Civilization IV".

A political liberal, Nimoy recently contributed the maximum $2300 to 2008 US presidential candidate Barack Obama. [Newsmeat: Leonard Nimoy's Campaign Contributions. http://www.newsmeat.com/celebrity_political_donations/Leonard_Nimoy.php]

Filmography

Director

*"Vincent": Based on the play "Van Gogh" by Phillip Stephens (1978-1981)
*"" (1984)
*"" (1986)
*"Three Men and a Baby" (1987)
*"The Good Mother" (1988)
*"Funny About Love" (1990)
*"Holy Matrimony" (1994)
*episodes of "Night Gallery", "T.J. Hooker", "The Powers of Matthew Star", and "Deadly Games"

Actor

*"Kid Monk Baroni" (1951)
*"Rhubarb" (1951)
*"Zombies of the Stratosphere" (1952)
*"Dragnet" (1953 episode "The Big Boys" as Julius Carver)
*"Them!" (1954) (uncredited)
*"Sea Hunt" (1958-1961)
*"Satan's Satellites" (1958)
*"The Brain Eaters" (1958)
*"Harbor Command" (1958 episode - Contraband Diamonds)
*"The Twilight Zone" – "A Quality of Mercy" (1961)
*"General Hospital" (1963)
*"Perry Mason" (1963)
*"The Outer Limits" (1964) "I, Robot" - Judson Ellis
*"Combat! (1965) Two Episodes
*"Deathwatch" (1966)
*"The Man From U.N.C.L.E. (1966)
*"Get Smart" (1966)
*"" (1966-1969)
*"" (1969-1971) The Great Paris
*"The Alpha Caper" (1973) (TV)
*"Columbo (TV series)" (1973) (TV)
*"" (1973-1974)
*"In Search of..." (1976-1982)
*"Equus" (1977) (Broadway Play) Dr. Martin Dysart
*"Invasion of the Body Snatchers" (1978)
*"Vincent: Based on the play "Van Gogh" by Phillip Stephens" (1978-1981)
*"" (1979)
*"A Woman Called Golda" (1982) (TV)
*"Marco Polo" (1982) (mini) TV Series
*"" (1982)
*"" (1984)
*"The Sun Also Rises" (1984) (mini) TV Series
*"Aladdin and His Wonderful Lamp (Faerie Tale Theatre episode)" (1986)
*"" (1986)
*"" (1989)
*"Never Forget" (1991) (TV)
*"" – "Unification" (1991) (two-part episode): Ambassador Spock
*"" (1991)
*"" (1992)
*"" (1993)
*"The Time Machine" (1994) (audio drama) The Time Traveller
*"The Outer Limits" (1995) "I, Robot" - Thurman Cutler
*"Brave New World" (1998)
*"Becker" (2001)
*"Star Trek" (2009)

Voice

*"" (1973-1974): Lieutenant Commander/Commander Spock
*"In Search of..." (1976-1982): Narrator
*"" (1986): Galvatron; Megatron's upgrade by Unicron
*"Lights: The Miracle of Chanukah" (1993)
*"The Halloween Tree" (1993)
*"The Simpsons", "Marge vs. the Monorail" (1993): Himself
*"The Pagemaster" (1994): Dr. Jekyll / Mr. Hyde
*"The Simpsons", "The Springfield Files" (1997): Himself
*"Invasion America" (1998): Konrad
*"Futurama", "Space Pilot 3000" (1999): Himself
*"Seaman" (2000): Narrator
*"" (2001): King Kashekim Nedakh
*"Futurama", "Where No Fan Has Gone Before" (2002): Himself / Lieutenant Commander/Commander Spock
*"Civilization IV" (2005)
*"What's going on up there?" (2006)

Writer

*"I Am Not Spock" (1977)
*"Vincent: Based on the play "Van Gogh" by Phillip Stephens" (1978)
*"" (1979) (Contributions uncredited)
*"" (1984) (Contributions uncredited)
*"" (1986)
*"" (1991)
*"I Am Spock" (1995)
*"" (2002)
*"Shekhina" (2002)
*"The Full Body Project" (2008)

Discography

:"See also: Leonard Nimoy discography (includes compilations and re-issues)"
*"Leonard Nimoy Presents Mr. Spock's Music From Outer Space" (Dot Records), (1967).
*"The Two Sides of Leonard Nimoy" (Dot Records), (1968).
*"The Way I Feel" (Dot Records), (1968).
*"The Touch of Leonard Nimoy" (Dot Records), (1969).
*"The New World of Leonard Nimoy" (Dot Records), (1970).

References

External links

* [http://www.theofficialleonardnimoyfanclub.com Leonard Nimoy Official Fan Club]
* [http://www.leonardnimoyphotography.com/ Leonard Nimoy's Photography]
*imdb name|id=0000559|name=Leonard Nimoy
*amg name|id=2:104553|name=Leonard Nimoy
*memoryalpha
* [http://www.startrek.com/startrek/view/series/TOS/cast/69076.html Leonard Nimoy's entry at Startrek.com]
* [http://www.hossli.com/articles/2008/03/27/i-would-rather-god-to-be-a-woman-than-a-man/ Interview with Leonard Nimoy at hossli.com]
* [http://www.thehypertexts.com/Leonard%20Nimoy%20Poet%20Poetry%20Photographer%20Photography%20Picture%20Literary%20Bio.htm Leonard Nimoy Poetry and Photography] on The HyperTexts
* [http://www.ponilla.org/Nimoy "Thanks to Leonard Nimoy"] an extensive fan site
* [http://www.maidenwine.com Maiden Wine] comprehensive site devoted to the musical career of Leonard Nimoy.
*tvtome person|id=3471|name=Leonard Nimoy
* [http://www.lindacwood.bravehost.com/ Linda C Wood's Leonard Nimoy Fan Fiction Website] - fan fiction and poetry dedicated to the film and TV characters created by Leonard Nimoy
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Pk_5ODFcX8 Interview with Leonard Nimoy by the Archive of American Television (2000)]

Media

* [http://www.scvtv.com/html/sg111906-nm.html Newsmaker of the Week: Leonard Nimoy] (30-min. interview, free)
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XFR-8NVjw-k Leonard Nimoy sings the Ballad of Bilbo Baggins]
* [http://video.google.com/videosearch?q=%22archive+of+american+television+interview+with+leonard+nimoy%22 Archive of American Television Interview with Leonard Nimoy Nov 2, 2000 on Google Video]


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