Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport

Infobox Airport
name = Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport
nativename = "Port Lotniczy im. Fryderyka Chopina"



image-width =
IATA = WAW
ICAO = EPWA
type = civil, military
operator = Polish Airports State Enterprise (PPL)
city-served = Warsaw
location = Okęcie district of Warsaw
elevation-m = 110
elevation-f = 362
coordinates = Coord|52|09|57|N|020|58|02|E|type:airport
website = [http://www.lotnisko-chopina.pl/?lang=en www.lotnisko-chopina.pl]
metric-elev = yes
metric-rwy = yes
r1-number = 11/29
r1-length-m = 2,800
r1-length-f = 9,186
r1-surface = Asphalt
r2-number = 15/33
r2-length-f = 12,106
r2-length-m = 3,689
r2-surface = Asphalt
stat-year = 2007 [http://www.ulc.gov.pl/_download/regulacja_rynku/statystyki/liczba_obsl_pasazerow_przesylek_20042007_150208.pdf Data from The Civil Aviation Office of Poland (Urząd Lotnictwa Cywilnego)] . pl icon]
stat2-header = Passenger growth 06-07
stat1-header = Passengers
stat1-data = 9,268,551
stat2-data = +14.4%
Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport ( _pl. Port Lotniczy im. Fryderyka Chopina) airport codes|WAW|EPWA is an international airport located in the Okęcie district of Warsaw, Poland. Formerly Okęcie International Airport, it is named after the famous Polish composer and former Warsaw resident, Frédéric Chopin. It is Poland's busiest airport, handling just under 50% of the country's air passenger traffic.

The former name, "lotnisko Okęcie" (Okęcie airport), remains in common use, including air traffic and aerodrome references.

Warsaw Airport handles approximately 100 scheduled flights daily and an ever rising number of charters. London, Frankfurt, Paris and Amsterdam are the busiest international connections, while Kraków, Wrocław and Gdańsk are the most popular domestic ones. [http://www.tur-info.pl/p/ak_id,18197,,lotnisko,okecie,otwarcia_lotniska,warszawa,w_warszawie,historia,rozwoj,chopina.html "Dokładnie 72 lata temu otwarto lotnisko Okęcie"] , "www.tur-info.pl" (information originally available from the official airport webpage), 6 June 2006. Link accessed 2008-05-07. pl icon]

History

In 1924, when urban development around Warsaw's aerodrome at Pole Mokotowskie began affecting air traffic, the Ministry of Railways purchased land near the village of Okęcie to construct a new airport. In 1933, The Central Airport (Okęcie) took over the handling of all traffic from the Pole Mokotowskie. During World War II, Okęcie was often used as a battleground between the German army and Polish resistance and was practically destroyed. After liberation, LOT Polish Airlines resumed operations at Okęcie, using pre-war infrastructure. In 1956, maintenance of Okęcie was transferred from LOT Polish Airlines to state administration. In 1969 a new international terminal was built to handle 1 million passengers annually. Meanwhile, domestic flights continued to operate from the facilities built on the site of the pre-war terminal. In 1992, a new Terminal, with capacity for an annual 3.5 million passengers, was built to replace the aging post-war terminal. In March 2001, Warsaw Airport was renamed in honour of the Polish pianist Frederic Chopin (though this name is almost never used in practice, and most users know the place simply as Okęcie). Since the end of March 2007, the overcrowded Etiuda Terminal has been used for departing passengers on low-cost carriers. Constructed at the end of the 1990s, the terminal was expected to handle 3.5 million passengers per year, but in 2006 handled roughly 6.8 million łup, Polska Agencja Prasowa, [http://gospodarka.gazeta.pl/gospodarka/1,77367,4340044.html "Od czwartku Terminal 2 na Okęciu przejmie przyloty od Etiudy"] , (As of Thursday, Terminal 2 Shall Take Over Arrivals to Etiuda) "Gazeta Wyborcza", Gospodarka section, 25 July 2007. pl icon] .

tatistics

Passenger traffic growth 1995-2007, from the airport's official webpage: [http://www.lotnisko-chopina.pl/katalog/statystyki/en/statystyki.php Official webpage for WAW/EPWA, Airport statistics] . Link accessed 2008-05-07.]
*1995 - 2,735,469
*1996 - 3,090,321
*1997 - 3,484,452
*1998 - 3,815,624
*1999 - 3,997,531
*2000 - 4,325,814
*2001 - 4,713,655
*2002 - 4,936,835
*2003 - 5,166,991
*2004 - 6,085,111
*2005 - 7,071,881
*2006 - 8,101,827
*2007 - 9,268,551

Terminal 2

This terminal has been fully operational since March 12, 2008, two years after the originally planned opening date. The arrivals area was in operation since mid-2007 but problems with safety certification and disagreements between the airport and construction firm led to temporary work stoppages.

Terminal 3

Construction on Terminal 3 is due to begin in 2009, and completion is expected in 3 years. The Terminal is to be located on the opposite side of the airport from terminals 1, 2 and Etudia.

Future auxiliary airport at Modlin

The long awaited conversion of a former military airfield north of the city into Warsaw's second international airport for low-cost carriers is, as of May 2008, still awaiting government approval on environmental grounds, but due to proximity to bird migration routes and protected bird sanctuary wetlands, may be delayed or ultimately blocked. Modlin is also to service charter carriers and in some undefined future, cargo, but due to chronic delays in commencing needed construction, is not expected to become operational until 2011 at the earliest. Meanwhile other regional military airports at Sochaczew and Radom are being readied by their local governments and private investors to compete with Modlin for Warsaw-region low cost passenger traffic and cargo.

Ground transportation

Bus

Warsaw city centre can be reached by the bus lines: 175 and 188 during the day and N32 at night. There is also an additional line 148 that provides access to Ursynów (a southern part of Warsaw) and Praga (an eastern part of Warsaw). The fare is PLN 2.8 one-way for all the lines (day and night).

Train

A train station is located under Terminal 2 and a fast connection to the city centre (Warszawa Śródmieście station) is under construction. No definite date of completing the works has been established as of July 2008.

Scheduled airlines and destinations

Terminal 1 check-in area

Cargo Terminal

*DHL
*FedEx
*Sprintair
*TNT Airways
*UPS
*White Eagle Aviation

Former Airlines and Destinations

*Air Algerie (Algiers)
*airBaltic (Riga, Vilnius)
*Air Berlin (Dusseldorf)
*Air Europa (Madrid)
*Air Lithuania (Billund)
*Air Moldova (Chişinău)
*Air Transat (Toronto [via Montreal] , Montreal)
*Balkan Airlines (Sofia)
*bmi British Midland (London-Heathrow)
*Crossair (Geneva)
*Delta Airlines (New York-JFK [via Amsterdam] , New York-JFK [via Berlin-Tegel] , Frankfurt, New York-JFK, St. Petersburg)
*Eurowings (Nuremberg)
*Jat Airways (Belgrade [via Prague] )
*Lithuanian Airlines (Vilnius)
*LOT Polish Airlines (Algiers, Amman, Anchorage, Baghdad, Bangkok, Beijing, Belgrade, Benghazi, Bratislava, Cairo, Chişinău, Damascus, Detroit, Dubai, Dublin, Edmonton, Gotenburg, Hannover, Kaliningrad, Kuwait City, Los Angeles, Ljubljana, Lyon, Manchester, Montreal, Mumbai, New Delhi, Oslo, Thessaloniki, Tokyo, Tunis, Vancouver, Venice, Zagreb)
*Luxair (Luxembourg)
*Lviv Airlines (Lviv)
*Maersk Air (Copenhagen)
*Niki (Vienna)
*Pan American World Airways (Frankfurt, New York-JFK)
*Sabena (Brussels)
*Swissair (Zurich)
*TAROM (Bucharest-Otopeni)

Runways

The airport has two intersecting runways, whose configuration and available taxiways under current rules permit 34 passenger operations (takeoffs or landings) per hour.

Preferential runways

The following preferential runway system has been established for the airport: [http://www.boeing.com/commercial/noise/okecie.html Boeing Company data sheet for noise policies at WAW/EPWA] , "Boeing.com", June 2007. Link accessed 2008-05-07.]

Arrivals:
# Runway 33
# Runway 11
# Runway 15
# Runway 29

Departures:
# Runway 29
# Runway 15
# Runway 33
# Runway 11

Between 20:00 and 04:00 hours (in winter: 21:00 and 05:00), Runway 15/33 is used, weather and technical considerations permitting.

Accidents record

*On December 19 1962 a LOT Polish Airlines Vickers Viscount 804 crashed on approach, while attempting a go-around. All 33 passengers on board died.

*On March 14 1980 LOT Polish Airlines Flight 007, Ilyushin Il-62 aircraft crashed on approach from New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport, when attempting a go-around. All 87 passengers on board died, including the entire amateur US boxing team, and the Polish pop singer Anna Jantar.

*On May 9 1987 LOT Polish Airlines Flight 5055, Ilyushin Il-62M took-off and returned to Okęcie, after an engine failure. During its approach the aircraft crashed in a heavily wooded-area, short of the runway. All 187 passengers on board died.

*On September 14 1993 Lufthansa Flight 2904, an Airbus A320 overran the runway and crashed into an embankment, after a flight from Frankfurt. The co-pilot and one passenger died, and 68 passengers and crew were injured.

ee also

* List of airports in Poland

References

External links

* [http://www.lotnisko-chopina.pl/?lang=en Official website of the Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport] en icon pl icon
*WAD|EPWA


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