Name = Skiddaw
Photo = Skiddaw_borrowdale.jpg
Caption = Skiddaw from
Elevation = 931 m (3,054 ft)
Lake District, Northern Fells
Prominence = 709 m
Parent peak =
OS "Landrangers" 89, 90, "Explorer" OL4
Grid_ref_UK = NY260290
Listing = Marilyn, Hewitt, Wainwright, Nuttall
Pronunciation = GB summits entry
Height=666 m (2,185 ft)
Skiddaw is a
mountainin the Lake District National Parkin the United Kingdom. With a summit at 931 m (3,054 feet) above sea level it is the fourth highest mountain in England (the third highest if Scafell Pikeand Sca Fellare regarded as one mountain), and the lowest above 3000 feet. It lies just north of the town of Keswick, Cumbria, and dominates the skyline in this part of the northern lakes. It is the simplest of the Lake District mountains of this height to ascend (as there is a well-trodden tourist track from a car park to the north-east of Keswick, near the summit of Latrigg) and, as such, many walking guides recommend it to the occasional walker wishing to climb a mountain. This is the first summit of the fell runningchallenge known as the Bob Graham Roundwhen undertaken in a clockwise direction.
The mountain lends its name to the surrounding areas of "Skiddaw Forest", and "Back o' Skidda'" and to the isolated "Skiddaw House", situated to the east, formerly a shooting lodge and subsequently a
youth hostel. It also provides the name for the slate derived from that region: Skiddaw Slate. Tuned percussion musical instruments or lithophones exist which are made from the slate, such as the Musical Stones of Skiddawheld at Keswick Museum and Art Gallery.
Northern Fellscomprise a roughly circular upland area with a diameter approaching 10 miles. At the centre is the marshy depression of Skiddaw Forest— a treeless plateau at an altitude of 1,300 ft— and flowing outward from here are the rivers which divide the area into three sectors. The south western sector, between the Glenderaterra Beckand Dash Beck, contains Skiddaw and its satellites. Wainwright, Alfred: " A Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells,Book 5 The Northern Fells": ISBN 0-7112-2458-7]
Skiddaw itself takes the form of a north-south ridge about half a mile long, with steep slopes to east and west. The ridge continues northward over Broad End to
Bakestall, a fell overlooking the Whitewater Dash waterfall. Further ridges fan out east and west from the southern end of Skiddaw. To the south east are Skiddaw Little Man, Lonscale Felland Latrigg, an easily accessible viewpoint for Keswick and Derwentwater. Beyond these fells are the Glenderaterra Beckand the Blencathragroup. The south western ridge curves round through 180 degrees to run north above the shore of Bassenthwaite Lake. This gives Skiddaw an 'outer wall', comprising Carl Side, Long Sideand Ullock Pike, collectively referred to as 'Longside Edge'. The final member of the Skiddaw Group is Dodd, a satellite of Carl Side.Between Skiddaw and Longside Edge are the quiet valleys of Southerndale and Barkbethdale, separated by the spur of Buzzard Knott. These drain the western flanks of the fell to Bassenthwaite Lake. The eastern side of Skiddaw drains into Skiddaw Forest, much of the water reaching Candleseaves Bog. This marsh is the source of both the Dash Beck flowing north west to Bassenthwaite and the River Caldew, beginning its long journey north eastward to the Solway Firthvia Carlisle. Two smooth spurs on this eastern flank of Skiddaw, Sale How and Hare Crag, are listed in separate tops in some guidebooksBirkett, Bill: Complete Lakeland Fells: Collins Willow (1994): ISBN 0-00-713629-3] . Sale How is also a Nuttall
Below Sale How is Skiddaw House, a stone building which has variously served as a shooting lodge, shepherd's bothy and
Youth Hostel. Its windbreak comprises the only trees in Skiddaw Forest, and it is reached via a long access track up the Dash Valley.
Skiddaw's slopes are generally rounded and convex, looking from a distance as though a thick velvet blanket has been draped over a supporting frame. On the ridges the general terrain is of loose stones, but elsewhere all is grass and heather. Wainwright noted that "Its lines are smooth, its curves graceful; but because the slopes are steep everywhere, the quick build-up of the "massif" from valley levels to central summit is appreciated at a glance- and it should be an appreciative glance, for such massive strength and such beauty of outline rarely go together." Wainwright, Alfred: "
A Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells,Book 5 The Northern Fells": ISBN 0-7112-2458-7]
The bedrock of Skiddaw, commonly known as
Skiddaw Slate, is the Kirkstile Formation. This Ordovicianrock is composed of laminated mudstoneand siltstonewith greywackesandstone. At the summit this is overlain by screeand to the south are areas where the underlying Loweswater Formation surfaces.
ummit and View
The summit ridge bears a number of tops, which from north to south are known as North Top, High Man (the summit), Middle Top and South Top. All now bear
cairns and a number of stone windshelters have been erected. Skiddaw has a subsidiary summit, Little Man, which lies about 1.5 km south-south-east of the main peak. Despite its limited independence, Wainwright listed it as a separate fell in his influential " Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells", a convention which is often followed.
The view is as panoramic as might be expected, given Skiddaw's
topographic prominence. From High Man the north east quadrant is filled by the quiet fells of Back o'Skiddaw, with the Border hills, the Cheviots and the North Penninesbehind them. To the south east are Blencathra, the Far Eastern Fellsand the Helvellyn range; behind these are vistas of the Yorkshire Dalesand Forest of Bowland. The Coniston Fellsare visible directly to the south. On the other side of South Top is a fine view of the Scafells, Western and North Western Fells, with a portion of Snowdoniavisible between Kirk Felland Pillar. The Isle of Manis visible 60 miles away, as are the Mourne Mountains120 miles away (on exceptionally clear days). The final quarter is taken up by the coastal plain and the distant Solway Firth, backed by the hills of Gallowaysuch as Merrick, Criffeland Broad Law. Goat Fellon Arrancan be seen at an angle of 313 degrees, 105 miles away.
Most distant view; Slieve Meelmore in
Mourne, 120 miles distant.
Computer-generated panorama; [http://www.viewfinderpanoramas.org/panoramas/CUM/Skiddaw-N.gifnorth] , [http://www.viewfinderpanoramas.org/panoramas/CUM/Skiddaw-S.gifsouth] .
Many routes of ascent have been devised for Skiddaw. The most popular ("tourist route") starts from Keswick and first ascends behind Latrigg, before the climb continues over the slopes of Little Man to the summit. This walk can be made considerably easier by driving to the top of Gale road and beginning from the public carpark just behind the summit of Latrigg.
Another popular route (and the one recommended by Wainwright) is to follow Longside Edge, first ascending Ullock Pike, Long Side and Carl Side before making the steep climb up from Carlside Col. Also from the north, a somewhat tougher alternative is to walk up Buzzard Knott between Southerndale and Barkbethdale: after crossing to the southern edge of the shoulder above Randel Crag ascend due east to the summit. Rather easier than either of these is the compass-walk due south from Cock Up (505m); reversing this route provides a safe descent, especially in bad weather.
From the south west at Millbeck, Carlside Col can be reached direct. A start from nearby Applethwaite can also be used to provide a variation to the tourist route. From the northwest ascents can be made via Southerndale, or via the northern end of the Skiddaw ridge. Finally on the west the walker can first make for Skiddaw House, a fair step from either Keswick,
Threlkeldor Peter House. Once Skiddaw House is reached a direct line is possible, climbing over either Sale How or Hare Crag.
From the north east an unmarked but fairly well-worn path starts at Whitewater Dash waterfall (on Cumbrian Way) where the walker can follow the fence (along Birkett Edge just south of Dead Crags) past the Bakestall outcrop, and follow the fence until just before the unnamed top at 831m. From the 831m top, a path is leading directly to Skiddaw Man.
"Skiddaw" is also a former name for
Mount Wellington, Tasmania, which also overlooks a River Derwent (River Derwent, Tasmania rather than River Derwent, Cumbria).
* is at coordinates coord|54.647|-3.146|type:mountain_region:GB|display=inline,title
* Computer-generated virtual panoramas [http://www.viewfinderpanoramas.org/panoramas/CUM/Skiddaw-N.gifNorth] [http://www.viewfinderpanoramas.org/panoramas/CUM/Skiddaw-S.gifSouth] [http://www.viewfinderpanoramas.org/panoramas.html Index]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Skiddaw — von Borrowdale Höhe 931 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Skiddaw — Skid daw , n. (Zo[ o]l.) The black guillemot. [Prov. Eng.] [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Skiddaw — (spr. Skiddah), Berg in der englischen Grafschaft Cumberland, 3200 Fuß … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Skiddaw — Sp Skidò nkt. Ap Skiddaw L k. Jungtinėje Karalystėje (Anglijoje) … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Skiddaw — geographical name mountain 3053 feet (930 meters) NW England in NW central Cumbria … New Collegiate Dictionary
SKIDDAW — a mountain in Cumberland, 3054 ft. in height; is some 6 m. from Keswick, whence it is of easy ascent … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Skiddaw — … Useful english dictionary
Skiddaw Slate — is an early Ordovician metamorphosed sedimentary rock, as first identified on the slopes of Skiddaw in the English Lake District.The base of this series is unknown. The thickness could, therefore, amount to several thousand feet of sediment.… … Wikipedia
Skiddaw Little Man — Infobox Mountain Name = Skiddaw Little Man Photo = Skiddaw and Little Man.jpg Caption = Skiddaw (left) and Little Man (right) tower above Keswick. Location = Cumbria, ENG Range = Lake District, Northern Fells Elevation = 865 m (2838 ft) Grid ref… … Wikipedia
Musical Stones of Skiddaw — Der Berg Skiddaw Als Musical Stones of Skiddaw (deutsch: Lithophon von Skiddaw) wird ein Lithophon im Keswick Museum and Art Gallery in Keswick, in der Grafschaft Cumbria in Großbritannien bezeichnet. Die Klangsteine dieses Instruments wurden aus … Deutsch Wikipedia