Edward James Salisbury

Sir Edward James Salisbury, (1886-1978), was an English botanist and economist. He was born in Harpenden, Hertfordshire and graduated in botany from University College London in 1905. In 1913, he obtained a D.Sc. with a thesis on fossil seeds and was appointed a senior lecturer at East London College. He returned to University College London as a senior lecturer, from 1924 as a reader in plant ecology and from 1929 as Quain Professor of botany.

He was director of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew from 1943 to 1956. He was responsible for the restoration of the gardens after the Second World War.

He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and won the sociatey’s Royal Medal in 1945. In 1936, he was awarded the The Veitch Memorial Medal of the Royal Horticultural Society in acknowledgement of his book The Living Garden (1935), which was enormously popular. In 1939, he received the Commander of the British Empire and in 1946 he was knighted.

At first, his research was focussed on forest ecology, particularly in his native Hertfordshire. Later, he pioneered investigations of seed size and reproductive output of plants in relation to habitat. He also investigated the ecology of garden weeds and of dune plants.

Popular science books

*"The Living Garden". 1936
*"Flowers of the Woods". 1946

cientific books

*cite book
last = Durand
first = Théophile
coauthors = Benjamin Daydon Jackson, William Turner Thiselton-Dyer, David Prain, Arthur William Hill, Edward James Salisbury
title = Index Kewensis plantarum phanerogamarum: Supplementum Tertium Nomina et Synonyma Omnium Generum et Specierum AB Initio Anni MDCCCCI Usque AD Finem Anni MDCCCCV Complectens
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=BRMDAAAAYAAJ
accessdate = 2008-05-27
edition = suppl.3 (1901-1905)
date = 1908
publisher = Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

*"The Reproductive Capacity of Plants". G. Bell & Sons, London. 1942
*"Downs and Dunes: their plant life and its environment". G. Bell & Sons, London. 1952
*"Weeds & Aliens". The New Naturalist series vol. 43. Collins, London. 1961
*"The Biology of Garden Weeds". 1962

elected scientific papers

* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-0477(191612)4%3A3%2F4%3C121%3ATEOTAO%3E2.0.CO%3B2-A Salisbury, E.J. (1916) The emergence of the aerial organs in woodland plants. Journal of Ecology 4 (3-4): 121-128.]
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-0477(192012)8%3A3%3C202%3ATSOTCH%3E2.0.CO%3B2-S Salisbury, E.J. (1920) The significance of the calcicolous habit. Journal of Ecology 8 (1): 202-215.]
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-0477%28192202%299%3A2%3C220%3ASAHCOT%3E2.0.CO%3B2-G Salisbury, E.J. (1922) Stratification and Hydrogen-ion concentration of the soil in relation to leaching and plant succession with special reference to woodlands. Journal of Ecology 9 (2): 220-240.]
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-0477%28192501%2913%3A1%3C149%3ATIOSIR%3E2.0.CO%3B2-T Salisbury, E.J. (1925) The incidence of species in relation to soil reaction. Journal of Ecology 13 (1): 149-160.]
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-0477%28192509%2913%3A2%3C322%3ANOTESI%3E2.0.CO%3B2-K Salisbury, E.J. (1925) Note on the edaphic succession in some dune soils with special reference to the time factor. Journal of Ecology 13 (2): 322-328.]
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-0477%28192509%2913%3A2%3C322%3ANOTESI%3E2.0.CO%3B2-K Salisbury, E.J. (1925) Note on the edaphic succession in some dune soils with special reference to the time factor. Journal of Ecology 13 (2): 322-328.]
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0016-7398(192604)67%3A4%3C312%3ATGDOPI%3E2.0.CO;2-K Salisbury, E.J. (1926) The geographical distribution of plants in relation to climatic factors. The Geographical Journal 67 (4): 312-335.] Discussion on pp. 335-342 by H.N. Ridley a.o.
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0264-3960%281928%29216%3C1%3AOTCAES%3E2.0.CO%3B2-C Salisbury, E.J. (1927) On the causes and ecological significance of stomatal frequency with special reference to woodland flora. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, series B 216 (1928): 1-65.]
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-0477%28192908%2917%3A2%3C197%3ATBEOSI%3E2.0.CO%3B2-1 Salisbury, E.J. (1929) The biological equipment of species in relation to competition. Journal of Ecology 17 (2): 197-222.]
*Salisbury, E.J. (1930) Mortality amongst plants and its bearing on natural selection. Nature 125 : 817. Commented by [http://hdl.handle.net/2440/15108 Ronald A. Fisher (1930) in Nature 125: 972-973.] ; Reply by Salisbury in Nature 126: 95-96.
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0080-4622(19700821)259:829%3C207:TPVOEM%3E2.0.CO;2-S Salisbury, E.J. (1971) The pioneer vegetation of exposed muds and its biological features. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences 259 : 207-255.]
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0080-4649(19740611)186%3A1083%3C83%3ASSAMIR%3E2.0.CO%3B2-N Salisbury, E. (1974) Seed size and mass in relation to environment. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences 186 (1083): 83-88.]
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0080-4649(19750218)188:1091%3C183:TSVOMO%3E2.0.CO;2-D Salisbury, E. (1975) The survival value of modes of dispersal. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences 188 (1091): 183-188.]
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0080-4649(19760217)192:1108%3C323:SOATEO%3E2.0.CO;2-I Salisbury, E. (1976) Seed output and the efficacy of dispersal by wind. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences 192 (1108): 323-329.]


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