History of Libya
This article is part of a series
Prehistory Ancient history (before 146 BC) Roman era (146 BC – 640 AD) Arab rule (640–1551) Ottoman rule (1551–1911) Italian colonization (1911–1934) Italian Libya (1934–1943) Allied occupation of Libya (1943–1951) Kingdom of Libya (1951–1969) Libya under Gaddafi (1969–2011) Libyan Republic (2011–present)
The Latin name Libya (from Greek Λιβύη, Libyē) referred to the region west of the Nile Valley, generally corresponding to modern Northwest Africa. Climate changes affected the locations of the settlements. More narrowly, Libya could also refer to the country immediately west of Egypt, viz. Marmarica (Libya Inferior} and Cyrenaica (Libya Superior). The Libyan Sea or Mare Libycum was the part of the Mediterranean south of Crete, between Cyrene and Alexandria.
In the Greek period the Berbers were known as Libyans, a Greek term for the inhabitants of northeast Africa. Their lands were called Libya, and extended from modern Morocco to the western borders of Ancient Egypt. Modern Egypt contains the Siwa Oasis, historically part of Libya, where the Berber Siwi language is still spoken.
The name Libya (in use since 1934 for the modern country formerly known as Tripolitania and Barca) was the Latin designation for the region of Northwest Africa, from the Greek Ancient Greek: Λιβύη Libúē, Λιβύᾱ (Libúā) (in the Attic and Doric dialects respectively).
In Classical Greece the term had a broader meaning, encompassing all the continent that later (2nd century BC) came to be known as Africa, in antiquity assumed to make up one third[dubious ] of the world's landmass, besides Europe and Asia.
The Greek name is based on the ethnonym Libu (Ancient Greek: Λίβυες Líbues, Latin: Libyes). The land of the Libu was Λιβύη (Libúē) and Λιβύᾱ (Libúā) in the Attic and Doric dialects respectively. These Libu are attested since the Late Bronze Age as inhabiting the region (Egyptian: R'bw, Punic:
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
History of ancient Libya — PrehistorySince Neolithic times the climate of North Africa has been drying. A reminder of the desertification of the area is provided by megalithic remains, which occur in great variety of form and in vast numbers in presently arid and… … Wikipedia
Libya (mythology) — Libya is the name given to both a region of North Africa (Ancient Libya) and a daughter of Epaphus, King of Egypt, in both Greek and Roman mythology.Greek mythologyIn Greek mythology, Libya, like Ethiopia or Scythia was one of the mythic outlands … Wikipedia
Ancient African history — is the study of the documented past from the beginning of recorded history until the Early Middle Ages. [http://www.historyofworld.net/ancient history m,7 o,3 i,47.html ancient history, historyofworld.net] ] The breadth of ancient history… … Wikipedia
Libya (disambiguation) — Libya may refer to: * Libya, the country * Ancient Libya * Libya (mythology) * Libyans, a punk rock band … Wikipedia
LIBYA — LIBYA, country in N. Africa, consisting of the regions of Tripolitania, Cyrenaica (see cyrene ), and Fezzan. Isolated finds of Jewish origin from pre Exilic Ereẓ Israel were discovered both in Cyrenaica and Tripolitania, but there is no reliable… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Ancient Egypt — was an ancient civilization in eastern North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern nation of Egypt. The civilization began around 3150 BC [Only after 664 BC are dates secure. See Egyptian… … Wikipedia
Libya — prop. n. A country in Northern Africa, between Egypt and Tunisia, bordering the Mediterranean Sea. It also borders on Algeria, Chad, Niger, and Sudan. It is an Arabic speaking country with over 97% of the population Sunni Moslem. The population… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Libya — north African nation, an ancient name, attested in heiroglyphics from 2000 B.C.E., of unknown origin. In Greek use, sometimes meaning all of Africa. Related: Libyan … Etymology dictionary
Libya — [lib′ē ə, lib′yə] 1. ancient Greek & Roman name of N Africa, west of Egypt 2. country in N Africa, on the Mediterranean: under Turkish domination since 16th cent.; occupied by Italy (1911 43); placed under British and French military rule, it… … English World dictionary
Libya — Infobox Country native name = الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الاشتراكية العظمى Al Jamāhīriyyah al ʿArabiyyah al Lībiyyah aš Šaʿbiyyah al Ištirākiyyah al ʿUẓmā conventional long name = Great Socialist People s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya common… … Wikipedia