John Robert Brown (judge)

John Robert Brown (December 10, 1909 - January 23, 1993) was a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit in 1950s and 1960s, one of the "Fifth Circuit Four". The court became known for a series of decisions crucial in advancing the civil rights of African-Americans.

Brown was born 1909 in Funk, Nebraska. Educated at the University of Nebraska and the University of Michigan law school, Brown was in private practice as an admiralty lawyer in the Houston area from 1932 to 1955, except for a four-year stint in the army during World War II.

He was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1955 and became known as one of the "Fifth Circuit Four" - Brown, Elbert Tuttle, Richard Rives, and John Minor Wisdom - so called because of a series of decisions crucial in advancing the civil rights of African-Americans. At that time, the Fifth Circuit included not only Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas (its jurisdiction as of 2005), but also Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and the Panama Canal Zone.

Judge Brown went on "senior" status as a judge in 1984, but never completely retired until his death in 1993 in Houston, Texas.

The Judge John R. Brown Admiralty Moot Court Competition was established shortly before Judge Brown's death and is now held annually, sponsored by the University of Texas at Austin Law School.

External links

* [ Brown's listing at the Federal Judicial Center website]
* [ Judge John R. Brown Admiralty Moot Court Competition]
* [ History of the Court of Appeals, on the 11th Circuit Court website]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Robert Brown — may refer to:*John Robert Brown (Virginia politician) (1842–1927), United States representative from Virginia *John Robert Brown (judge) (1909–1993), member of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, noted for his key decisions… …   Wikipedia

  • John Y. Brown (1835–1904) — Infobox Officeholder name = John Young Brown caption = small order = 31st office = Governor of Kentucky lieutenant = Mitchell C. Alford term start = September 2, 1891 term end = December 10, 1895 predecessor = Simon Bolivar Buckner, Sr. successor …   Wikipedia

  • Brown, John Robert — ▪ 1994       U.S. judge (b. Dec. 10, 1909, Funk, Neb. d. Jan. 22, 1993, Houston, Texas), as a federal judge (1955 67) and chief justice (1967 79) of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit, played a pivotal role in championing and enforcing …   Universalium

  • John Brown — may refer to:PoliticiansAmerican(Listed in alphabetical order by state, office)* John Y. Brown, Sr., U.S. Representative (1900–1985) * John Y. Brown, Jr., Governor, 1970s (born 1933) * John Y. Brown, III, Secretary of the State, 1990s * John Y.… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Bork — Judge of Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit In office February 9, 1982 – February 5, 1988 Nominated by Ronald Reagan …   Wikipedia

  • John Wesley Hardin — (May 26, 1853 August 19, 1895) was an outlaw and gunfighter of the American Old West. He was born in Bonham, Fannin County, Texas. In the history of nineteenth century western America, Hardin was an especially brutal, prolific killer. Hardin shot …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Kerman — Données clés Nom de naissance Robert Charles Kerman Surnom R. Bolla Naissance 16 décembre 1941 (1941 12 16) (69 ans) Brooklyn, New York (États Unis) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Walker (naturalist) — John Walker (1730–1803) was Professor of Natural History at the University of Edinburgh from 1779 to 1803. He was a protege of the chemist William Cullen and a colleague of Dugald Stewart, Joseph Black and several other Edinburgh professors who… …   Wikipedia

  • John Slocum — (Squ sacht un) († 1892) war ein Angehöriger des Squaxin Island Tribe (Sahewamish), einer Indianergruppe im US Bundesstaat Washington, die am südlichen Puget Sound lebt und die zu den Küsten Salish gehört. Er gründete 1881 die Indian Shaker Church …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John R. Boyle — Infobox Politician (general) name= John Robert Boyle imagesize=300 title=Leader of the Official Opposition in Alberta term start=1921 term end=1924 predecessor=Albert Ewing successor=Charles R. Mitchell title1=Leader of the Alberta Liberal Party… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.