John Robert Brown (judge)
John Robert Brown (
December 10, 1909- January 23, 1993) was a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuitin 1950s and 1960s, one of the " Fifth Circuit Four". The court became known for a series of decisions crucial in advancing the civil rights of African-Americans.
Brown was born 1909 in
Funk, Nebraska. Educated at the University of Nebraskaand the University of Michiganlaw school, Brown was in private practice as an admiralty lawyer in the Houston area from 1932 to 1955, except for a four-year stint in the army during World War II.
He was appointed to the
United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuitby President Dwight D. Eisenhowerin 1955 and became known as one of the " Fifth Circuit Four" - Brown, Elbert Tuttle, Richard Rives, and John Minor Wisdom- so called because of a series of decisions crucial in advancing the civil rights of African-Americans. At that time, the Fifth Circuit included not only Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas (its jurisdiction as of 2005), but also Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and the Panama Canal Zone.
Judge Brown went on "senior" status as a judge in 1984, but never completely retired until his death in 1993 in
The Judge John R. Brown Admiralty Moot Court Competition was established shortly before Judge Brown's death and is now held annually, sponsored by the
University of Texas at AustinLaw School.
* [http://air.fjc.gov/servlet/tGetInfo?jid=285 Brown's listing at the Federal Judicial Center website]
* [http://www.utexas.edu/law/academics/advocacy/admiralty Judge John R. Brown Admiralty Moot Court Competition]
* [http://www.ca11.uscourts.gov/text/main.php#history History of the Court of Appeals, on the 11th Circuit Court website]
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