Henry Liston (1771-1836) was a Scottish minister and inventor. Born
June 30, 1771 he was the oldest son of Robert Liston, minister of Aberdour, Fifeshire. He studied for the ministry and in 1793 became minister to the parish of Ecclesmachan, Linlithgowshire, and was clerk of its presbetery and in 1820 he became conjunct clerk of the synod of Lothianand Tweeddale. He married Margaret Ireland October 21, 1793, and was father to the famous surgeon Robert Listonand David Liston, professor of oriental languages at Edinburgh. Liston died suddenly February 24, 1836 at Merchison Hall, Falkirk.
Liston invented a special pipe organ he called the "Euharmonic Organ." It had a tuning with 58 pitches in the space of an octave for performing music in
just intonationand was championed by John Farey, Sr., who also directed attention to instruments developed for similar purposes by David Loeschman and William Hawkes. Liston used a series of pedals to change the pitch assigned to the keys of an ordinary keyboard, changing sharps and flats, as well as raising or lowering pitches by a major comma as required by the key of the music being performed. The first instrument was built in Edinburgh and had a separate pipe for each pitch. The second instrument was built by Flight and Robson in London, and used moveable shaders close to the mouth of the pipes in order to lower their pitch temporarily by one or two commas which reduced its cost and size, and with an improved bellows the system it was the subject of a patent granted to Liston and Charles Broughton July 3, 1810. After introducing the instrument in a session at the builder's showrooms in 1811, Liston published his "Essay on Perfect Intonation" (Edinburgh, 1812) describing its tuning, construction and operation along with a treatise on music theory and 40 pages of music .
Liston also patented an improved plow September 23, 1813, claiming a special shape and an inclined wheel, which was locally used. He wrote the article "Music" for the Edinburgh Encyclopedia, and edited 'Horatii Flacei Opera Selecta' (1819) and the sixth book of Caesar for use in schools.
* "Euharmonic Organ" (1830) Edinburgh Encyclopedia. William Blackwood, Edinburgh.
* "Henry Liston" (1893) Dictionary of National Biography. MacMillan & Co., New York.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Henry Pearce — Fiche d’identité Nom complet Henry Pearce Surnom Game Chicken Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français
Henry Coker — (* 24. Dezember 1914 in Dallas; † 23. November 1979 in Los Angeles) war ein US amerikanischer Jazzposaunist des Swing und Modern Jazz. Coker lernte Musik am Wellesley College in Massachusetts. Er begann nicht mit der Posaune, sein erstes… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Liston College — Infobox NZ school name = Liston College motto = In Christ We Live type = Integrated Catholic Boys Secondary (Year 7 13) established = 1974 address = 16 Edwards Avenue, Waitakere City, Auckland coordinates = principal = Chris. S. Rooney roll = 751 … Wikipedia
Henry Cooper (boxer) — Infobox Boxer name = Sir Henry Cooper nationality = Flagicon|UK British realname = Henry Cooper nicknames = Our Enry, Orizontal Enry weight = Heavyweight birth date = Birth date and age|1934|5|3|mf=y birth place = . home = Hildenborough, Kent… … Wikipedia
Henry Cooper — For other people named Henry Cooper, see Henry Cooper (disambiguation). Sir Henry Cooper Statistics Nickname(s) Our Enery Rated at Heavyweight Height 6 feet 1.5 inches (1.867 m) Reach … Wikipedia
Henry Armstrong — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Armstrong et Henry Edward Armstrong. Henry Armstrong Henry Armstrong (à droite) lors d une exhibition en 1943 … Wikipédia en Français
Henry Cooper — Sir Henry Cooper Nombre Henry Cooper Nacimiento 3 de mayo de 1934 Londres Defunción 1 de mayo 2011 Peso Peso pesado … Wikipedia Español
Robert Liston — (28 October 1794, Ecclesmachan, West Lothian 1847) was a pioneering Scottish surgeon. He was likely the best surgeon of his day, noted for his skill and his speed in an era prior to anaesthetics. He was able to complete operations in a matter of… … Wikipedia
Sonny Liston — Liston in 1963 Statistics Real name Charles L. Liston Nickname(s) Sonny The Big Bear … Wikipedia
Muhammad Ali vs. Sonny Liston — The two Ali versus Liston fights for boxing s world heavyweight championship were among the most anticipated, watched and controversial fights in the sport s history. Contents 1 Background 2 Pre Fight Publicity 3 Baiting the Bear … Wikipedia