Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond
The Duke of Richmond
Portrait by Sir Godfrey Kneller
Born 29 July 1672 Died 27 May 1723(aged 50) Title Duke of Richmond Tenure 9 August 1675 - 27 May 1723
( 47 years, 291 days)
Other titles 1st Duke of Lennox
1st Duke of Aubigny (France)
1st Earl of March
1st Earl of Darnley
1st Baron Settrington
1st Lord Torbolton
Hereditary Constable of Inverness Castle
Successor Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke Spouse(s) Anne Belasyse (née Brudenell) Issue Louisa Lennox
Parents King Charles II
Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth
Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, 1st Duke of Lennox, 1st Duke of Aubigny (29 July 1672 – 27 May 1723) was the illegitimate son of Charles II of England and his mistress Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth.
Lennox was created Duke of Richmond, Earl of March and Baron Settrington in the Peerage of England on 9 August 1675 and Duke of Lennox, Earl of Darnley and Lord Torbolton in the Peerage of Scotland on 9 September 1675, and was invested as a Knight of the Garter in 1681. He was appointed Lord High Admiral of Scotland, under reservation of the commission granted to James, Duke of Albany and York (later James VII) as Lord High Admiral for life. The appointment was therefore only effective between 1701 and 1705, when Lennox resigned all his Scottish lands and offices.
It appears that he was Master of a Lodge in Chichester in 1696, and so was one of the few known seventeenth century freemasons.
He was married to Anne Brudenell (d. 9 December 1722), daughter of Francis, Baron Brudenell on 8 January 1692; with whom he had three children:
- Lady Louisa Lennox (24 December 1694 – 15 January 1716); married James Berkeley, 3rd Earl of Berkeley
- Charles Lennox, Earl of March, later 2nd Duke of Richmond and 2nd Duke of Lennox
- Lady Anne Lennox, later Countess of Albemarle
By his mistress Jacqueline de Mézières:
- Renée Lennox (1709–1774) mistress of her cousin Charles Beauclerk, 2nd Duke of St Albans.
Richmond was a patron of cricket, then becoming a major professional sport, and did much to develop it in Sussex. It is almost certain that he was involved with the earliest known major cricket match which took place in the 1697 season and was the first to be reported by the press. Richmond sponsored a team in the 1702 season against an Arundel side.
Ancestors of Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond 16. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley 8. James I of England 17. Mary, Queen of Scots 4. Charles I of England 18. Frederick II of Denmark 9. Anne of Denmark 19. Sofie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 2. Charles II of England 20. Antoine of Navarre 10. Henry IV of France 21. Jeanne III of Navarre 5. Henrietta Maria of France 22. Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany 11. Marie de' Medici 23. Johanna of Austria 1. Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond 24. Guillaume de Penancoët, Seigneur de Kérouaille 12. René de Penancoët, Seigneur de Kérouaille, de la Villeneuve, de Kerboronné, et du Chefbois 25. Guillemette/Marie Barbier de Kerjean 6. Guillaume de Penancoët, Seigneur de Kérouaille 13. Julienne Emery du Pont-l'Abbé, Dame du Chef du Bois 3. Louise Renée de Penancoët de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth 28. Vincent de Ploeüc, Baron de Kergorlay, Seigneur de Kerriou 14. Sébastien de Ploeüc, Marquis de Timeur, Baron de Kergorlay, Vicomte de Coetqueon 29. Suzanne de Coëtanezre, Dame de Pratmaria et du Granec 7. Marie de Ploeüc de Timeur 30. René de Rieux, Seigneur de Sourdeac 15. Marie de Rieux 31. Suzanne de Saint-Mélanie, Dame de Boulévêque
- Timothy J. McCann, Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century, Sussex Record Society, 2004
- Late Baron di Bauvso, Malta. 1st of January 2000.
- The Adami Collection - collection of Parish records of Marriages, legacy and nobility, National Library of Malta, vol 10, pp 1838.
Political offices In commissionTitle last held byThe Duke of Monmouth Master of the Horse
1681 – 1685
The Lord Dartmouth
King James VII
Lord High Admiral of Scotland
1701 – 1705
The Marquess of Montrose
Peerage of England New creation Duke of Richmond
1675 – 1723
Peerage of Scotland New creation Duke of Lennox
1675 – 1723
French nobility New creation Duke of Aubigny
1684 – 1723
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