The Bering Strait ( _ru. Берингов пролив "Beringov proliv") is a sea
straitbetween Cape Dezhnev, Russia, the easternmost point (169°43' W) of the Asian continent and Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska, the westernmost point (168°05' W) of the North American continent, with latitudeof about 65° 40' north, slightly south of the polar circle.
Geography and Science
The Bering Strait is approximately convert|53|mi|km|sp=us wide, with an average depth of convert|30|-|50|m|ft|sp=us [It is only convert|53|mi|km wide, and at its deepest point is only convert|300|ft|m in depth. [http://www.gr8st8.com/main_pages/bering_tunnel.htm] ] It connects the
Chukchi Sea(part of the Arctic Ocean) in the north with the Bering Sea(part of the Pacific Ocean) in the south. Although the Cossack Semyon Dezhnevpassed by the strait in 1648, it is named after Vitus Bering, a Danish-born Russian explorer who crossed the strait in 1728.
land bridgethat is assumed to have existed over the Bering Strait during the Ice Ages is known now as the Bering Land Bridge. Some scientists believe that so much water was stored as ice that the sea level dropped, exposing more land. Other scientists believe that during the ice age this strait was frozen over, and would have allowed humans and animals to cross.
The area is sparsely populated. The
Diomede Islandslie directly in the middle of the Bering Strait, and the village in Little Diomedehas a school which is part of Alaska's Bering Strait School District. Because the International Date Lineruns equidistant between the islands at a distance of 1.5km (1mi), the Russian and American sides are counted as falling on different calendar days, with Cape Dezhnev 21 hours ahead of the American side.
The area in the immediate neighborhood on the Alaskan side belongs to the Nome Census Area which has a population of 9,000 people. There is no road from the Bering strait to the main cities of Alaska. Air and water are the main mode of travel. There are a few roads around Nome. However there is no regular air connection across the strait, just a few summer charter flights. This is because of a Russian policy only to allow tourists in organized tours, and with special permit to everyone.
The Russian coast belongs to
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Provideniya(4,500 people) and Chukotsky (5200 people) are the two areas located at the Bering Strait. These areas are also roadless.
In July 1989 a British Expedition, "Kayaks Across The Bering Strait", completed the first sea kayak crossing of the Bering Strait from Wales, in Alaska, to Cape Dezhneva, Siberia. The four expedition members, Robert Egelstaff, Trevor Potts, Greg Barton and Peter Clark, kayaked from Nome up the Alaskan coast, round Cape Prince of Wales before crossing the Strait via the Diomede Islands. Having completed the crossing they continued north to Uelen, where they were welcomed by the Soviet Sports Committee and eventually returned to the UK via Moscow. This journey has been described as "The Everest of the Canoeing World" and was recorded in the film "Kayaking Into Tomorrow" (1989).
In 1998, Russian adventurer
Dmitry Shparoand his son Matvey made the first known modern crossing of the frozen Bering Strait on skis.
In March 2006 Briton
Karl Bushbyand French American adventurer Dimitri Kieffer crossed the strait on foot, walking across a frozen 90 km (56 mile) section in 15 days. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/humber/4872348.stm (BBC)] (although they were soon arrested for not entering Russia through a border control.)
Ewan McGregorsaid in an interview on The Tonight Show with Jay Lenothat part of the inspiration for his Long Way Roundmotorcycle journey from London to New York was that, when viewed on a map, the gap between Russia and the USA across the Bering Strait was in fact very small. McGregor and his team ultimately crossed the strait with their motorcycles loaded onto a Magadan Airlinesplane, flying from Magadan, Russia to Anchorage, Alaska.
In 1987 swimmer
Lynne Coxswam the two miles (3 km) between the Diomede Islandsfrom Alaska to the Soviet Union in 40 °F (+4 °C) water during the last years of the Cold War.
Bridge or tunnel
Suggestions have been made for the construction of a
bridge, the Bering Strait bridge, between Alaskaand Siberia. An alternative connection would be a tunnelunderneath the strait, the TKM-World Linkbeing the most recent such proposal. The construction of such a bridge or tunnel would face unprecedented engineering, political, and financial challenges, and to date, no government has authorized the start of any planning or construction.
Dam or threshold
In September 2008 [ [http://www.cleverclimate.org/climate/12/diomede_crossroads/ Diomede Crossroads - Saving the North Pole? Thoughts on plausibility] ] a plan was published discussing a complete or partial close off of the Bering Strait, either by building a dam or a threshold, both possibly influecing sea ice conditions in the
Arctic. The proposed "Diomede Threshold" would make use of the salinitygradient of water currents through the Bering Strait, allowing only relatively sweet waters from the Alaskan rivier Yukonto flow through the strait. The third option would be the St. Lawrence Damconnecting St. Lawrence Island, 300 kilometres south of the Bering Strait, to mainland Alaska and Siberia.
The "Ice Curtain" border
Cold War, the Bering Strait marked the border between the United Statesand the Soviet Union. The island of Big Diomede in the USSR was (and is) only 4 km (2.4 mi) from the island of Little Diomedein the USA. Traditionally, the indigenous peoples in the area had frequently crossed the border back and forth for "routine visits, seasonal festivals and subsistence trade", but were prevented from doing so during the Cold War [ [http://www.dced.state.ak.us/oed/student_info/learn/russianheritage.htm State of Alaska website] ] . The border became known as the "Ice Curtain" [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DEFDF103EF930A15753C1A96E948260 "Lifting the Ice Curtain"] , Peter A. Iseman, "New York Times", October 23, 1988] . In 1987, American swimmer Lynne Coxsymbolically helped ease tensions between the two countries by swimming across the border [ [http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/02/12/60II/main540357.shtml "Swimming To Antarctica"] , CBS News, September 17, 2003] , and was congratulated jointly by Ronald Reaganand Mikhail Gorbachev.
title=The Bering Strait Crossing
date=2006, 2007 (Revised)
*cite news|publisher=Daily Tech|url=http://www.dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=7022|date=2007-04-24|accessdate=2008-01-11|title=Russia Plans World's Longest Undersea Tunnel
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Look at other dictionaries:
Bering Strait — [ber′iŋ, bir′iŋ] [after BERING Vitus] strait between Siberia & Alas., joining the Pacific & Arctic oceans: c. 55 mi (89 km) wide … English World dictionary
Bering Strait — a strait between Alaska and the Russian Federation in Asia, connecting the Bering Sea and the Arctic Ocean. 36 mi. (58 km) wide. * * * ▪ strait, Pacific Ocean Russian Proliv Beringa strait linking the Arctic Ocean with the Bering Sea… … Universalium
Bering Strait — Берингов Пролив Жанр кантри, блюграсс Годы 1998 2006 Страна … Википедия
Bering Strait — Satellitenbild der Beringstraße (NASA) Seekarte der Beringstraße Die Beringstraße (engl. Bering Strait … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bering Strait — Be|ring Strait the Bering Strait a narrow passage of water between Asia and North America that connects the Bering Sea to the Arctic Ocean … Dictionary of contemporary English
Bering Strait — Ber′ing Strait′ n. geg a strait between Alaska and the Russian Federation connecting the Bering Sea and the Arctic Ocean. 36 mi. (58 km) wide … From formal English to slang
Bering Strait — noun a strait connecting the Bering Sea to the Arctic Ocean • Instance Hypernyms: ↑strait, ↑sound … Useful english dictionary
Bering Strait — noun A strait between Chukotka, Russia and Alaska, USA, linking the Arctic Ocean to the Bering Sea … Wiktionary
Bering Strait — /bɜrɪŋ ˈstreɪt/ (say berring strayt), /bɛə / (say bair ) noun the strait between Alaska and Russia in Asia, connecting the Bering Sea and the Arctic Ocean. 58 km wide … Australian English dictionary
Bering Strait — geographical name strait at narrowest point 53 miles (85 kilometers) wide separating Asia (Russia) from North America (Alaska) … New Collegiate Dictionary