Jones Lake State Park

Geobox Protected Area
name = Jones Lake State Park
native_name =
other_name =
other_name1 =
category_local = North Carolina State Park
category_iucn = III



image_caption = The picnic area with Jones Lake in the background
etymology_type = Named for
etymology = Jones Lake
country = United States
state = North Carolina
region_type = County
region = Bladen
location =
lat_d = 34
lat_m = 42
lat_s = 30
lat_NS = N
long_d = 78
long_m = 38
long_s = 30
long_EW = W
location_note = [cite web
url = http://www.topoquest.com/map.asp?lon=-78.6417&lat=34.7083&s=50
title = Jones Lake State Park, USGS Dublin (NC) Topo Map
accessdate = 2008-06-30
author = United States Geological Survey
publisher = TopoQuest
]
elevation_imperial = 75
elevation_round = 1
area_unit = acre
area_imperial = 2208
area_round = 1
area1_imperial =
area1_type =
length_imperial =
length_orientation =
width_imperial =
width_orientation =
highest =
highest location =
highest_lat_d =
highest_lat_m =
highest_lat_s =
highest_lat_NS =
highest_long_d =
highest_long_m =
highest_long_s =
highest_long_EW =
highest_elevation_imperial =
lowest =
lowest_location =
lowest_lat_d =
lowest_lat_m =
lowest_lat_s =
lowest_lat_NS =
lowest_long_d =
lowest_long_m =
lowest_long_s =
lowest_long_EW =
lowest_elevation_imperial =
biome =
biome_share =
biome1 =
biome1_share =
geology =
geology1 =
plant =
plant1 =
animal =
animal1 =
established_type =
established = 1939
established1_type =
established1 =
management_body = North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources
management_location =
management_lat_d =
management_lat_m =
management_lat_s =
management_lat_NS =
management_long_d =
management_long_m =
management_long_s =
management_long_EW =
management_elevation =
visitation =
visitation_year =
free_type = Nearest city
free = Elizabethtown, North Carolina
free1_type =
free1 =


map_caption = Location of Jones Lake State Park in North Carolina
map_locator = North Carolina
map_first =
website = [http://www.ncparks.gov/Visit/parks/jone/main.php Jones Lake State Park]

Jones Lake State Park is a North Carolina state park in Bladen County, North Carolina in the United States in near Elizabethtown. It covers 2,208 acres (9 km²) and includes the natural Carolina bay lakes of Jones Lake and Salters Lake. Jones Lake State Park is north of Elizabethtown on North Carolina Highway 242 in North Carolina's Coastal Plain region. The park offers year round recreation including fishing, swimming, boating, hiking, picnicking and environmental and historical education programs.

History

The area surrounding Jones and Salters Lakes at Jones Lake State Park was settled by migrants for Europe in the late 1720s and early 1730s. Jones Lake was originally known as Woodward Lake a local justice of the peace. It was renamed Jones Lake for Isaac Jones a local land owner who donated the land on which Elizabethtown was built in 1773. Saltes Lake is named for an American Revolutionary War heroine, Sallie Salter. Salter spied on Tories that were camped near Elizabethtown on the Cape Fear River. cite web | url = http://www.ncparks.gov/Visit/parks/jone/history.php | title = Jones Lake State Park: History | accessdate = 2007-12-05 | publisher = North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources]

The government of the state of North Carolina began to take an interest in Jones and Salters Lakes and other Carolina Bays in the 1800s. The North Carolina General Assembly blocked all further private claims on lakes. Soon after, the state assembly pass legislation that granted ownership of all lakes greater than 500 acres (2.02 km²) in Cumberland, Columbus and Bladen Counties to the state. The formation of Jones Lake, Lake Waccamaw and Singletary Lake State Parks can be traced back to this piece of legislation. cite web | url = http://www.ncparks.gov/Visit/parks/sila/history.php | title = Singletary Lake State Park: History | accessdate = 2007-12-05 | publisher = North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources]

The growth of the cotton, turpentine and lumber industries in the area of Jones Lake State Park eventually was greater than what the soil could support. The fertility of the farmland was depleted and most of the standing timber had been clear cut from Bladen County. The land could no longer support the demands of the people living on the land. Farmers were no longer able to produce sustainable crops and many were forced to leave their farms.

The National Park Service began purchasing the land surrounding Jones and Salters Lakes in 1936 for a recreational demonstration project. Out of work young men were employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps, which was established by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 during the Great Depression many of the facilities of Jones Lake State Park. The land was managed by the Resettlement Administration until 1939.

Jones Lake State Park was opened in 1939 during the segregation era as a state park for the use of African Americans. The black communities of southeastern North Carolina used Jones Lake State Park for family reunions, baptisms, and church picnics. A result of racial segregation of the state park systems was that the parks for blacks were left largely underfunded and thereby undeveloped. The area in and surrounded Jones Lake remains largely wild and undeveloped offering visitors a chance to see two Carolina Bays in a nearly natural state. cite web | url = http://org.elon.edu/geo/jones_lake.htm | title = Jones Lake | accessdate = 2007-12-04 | publisher = Elon University]

Jones Lake State Park, like Singletary Lake State Park just convert|13|mi|km to the southeast, was used by soldiers training for World War II at nearby Camp Davis for special anti-craft training. The state park also received national attention in 1980 when astronomers gathered at the park to view a solar eclipse.

Ecology

Jones Lake is one of a series of Carolina bay lakes that stretch from New Jersey to Florida along the Atlantic Coastal Plain. Exactly how the lakes were formed remains a mystery. What is known is that Jones Lake is not fed by any stream but relies entirely upon rain. The land beneath and surrounding the lake is mica-rich sandy clay and sand that is from the Upper Cretaceous era with a thin layer of Pleistocene deposits covering it. This land is lower than the surrounding land and drains very poorly, creating Jones Lake.

Jones Lake is surrounded by a bay forest. This forest consists primarily of bay trees such as the loblolly, red bay, pond pine and Atlantic white cedar. The understory consists of huckleberry, leucothoe, gallberry and pepperbush. Turkey Oak, blueberry, holly and Longleaf pine can be found at the higher elevations away from the shoreline. cite web | url = http://www.ncparks.gov/Visit/parks/jone/ecology.php | title = Jones Lake State Park: Ecology | accessdate = 2007-12-05 | publisher = North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources]

The forests of Jones Lake State Park provide a habitat for a variety of animals that are fairly common to an eastern woodland habitat. Wild Turkey, white-tailed deer and rabbits can be spotted on from time to time. Wood ducks live on the lake. Red-cockaded woodpeckers can be seen in the forest as can red-tailed hawks, Yellow-throated warbler, White-eyed vireo and pileated woodpeckers. Jones Lake State Park is also home to box turtles, fence lizards, Pine barrens tree frog, southern toads, bullfrogs and Carpenter frogs.

This park is also the place where the type specimen of "Phyllophaga nebulosa", a species of june beetle, was found and is currently the only known location for this species. [Citation| last = Polihronakis| first = Maxi | title = New Beetle Species Found At Jones| newspaper = The Steward| pages = 7| year = 2007| date = August| url = http://www.ncparks.gov/News/newsletter/stewards/August_2007.pdf]

Recreation

Jones Lake State Park is open for year round recreation including camping, fishing, boating, hiking and enivronmental and historical education. Visitors to the park will find 20 campsites that are open for family camping. The sites are equipped with a picnic table and charcoal grill. Hot water showers are available at the park bath house. All campsites are available on a first come first served basis. The campground is closed November through February. cite web | url = http://www.ncparks.gov/Visit/parks/jone/activities.php | title = Jones Lake State Park: Activities | accessdate = 2007-12-05 | publisher = North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources]

Jones Lake at Jones Lake State Park is open to recreational fishing and boating. All boats must be under convert|10|hp. Canoes and paddleboats are available to rent at the boathouse Memorial Day through Labor Day. The waters of the lake have a high acidity level due to the amount of vegetation that is decomposing and the build up peat on the lake bottom. The acid levels have limited the numbers of fish that inhabit Jones Lake and recreation fishing is in turn limited. Yellow perch, chain pickerel, and catfish can be caught from the shore, pier and boats.

Bay Lake Trail is a five mile (8.05 km) hiking trail around Jones Lake. It passes through the forests that surround the lake. Side trails lead to the lake where visitors can observe pond cypress trees that are covered in Spanish Moss. Bay Lake Trail begins at the picnic area and ends at the campground. A one mile (0.6 km) nature trail, the Cedar Loop Trail, passes through the bay forest and over a sand ridge.

Swimming and picnicking are the two most popular recreational activities at Jones Lake State Park. The large picnic area is near the swimming beach. There are 50 picnic tables, eight grills and a large pavilion. The beach is open Memorial Day through Labor Day.

Nearby state parks

The following state parks are within convert|30|mi|km|0 of Jones Lake State Park:
*Lumber River State Park (Robeson County)
*Singletary Lake State Park (Bladen County)

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Singletary Lake State Park — Geobox Protected Area name = Singletary Lake State Park native name = other name = other name1 = category local = North Carolina State Park category iucn = III image caption = A cypress near the shore of Singletary Lake etymology type = Named for …   Wikipedia

  • Cooper Lake State Park — A swimming area at Cooper Lake State Park Cooper Lake State Park is a Texas State Park about three miles (5 km) south of Cooper, Texas. The park is situated on Jim Chapman Lake, formerly known as Cooper Lake. There are actually two… …   Wikipedia

  • Delta Lake State Park — is a state park located on a peninsula extending from the southeast shore of Delta Lake in the Town of Western, in Oneida County, New York, USA. It is located off Route 46, southwest of Westernville. The park offers a beach, picnic tables and… …   Wikipedia

  • Moreau Lake State Park — is a state park located in Saratoga County, New York in the USA. Located in the southwest part of Moreau, New York on US 9 off Interstate 87, the 4,100 acre (16.4 km2) park offers snowshoeing and cross country skiing in winter, swimming in… …   Wikipedia

  • Osoyoos Lake State Park — in Okanogan County, Washington is a camping park in the Washington State Park System.[1] It consists of 47 acres (19 ha) of sandy lakeshore, green lawns, and shade trees on Osoyoos Lake, in contrast with the hot, arid conditions that prevail …   Wikipedia

  • Curlew Lake State Park — in Ferry County, Washington is one of the Washington State Parks.[1] It consists of 123 acres (50 ha) on Curlew Lake not far from a public access paleontology site (at Stonerose in Republic, Washington) and an airfield. Available activities… …   Wikipedia

  • Deep Creek Lake State Park — Garrett County, Maryland, USA IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape) Location Garrett County, Maryland, USA Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Mineral Wells State Park & Trailway — Lake Mineral Wells State Park Trailway …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Jackson Mounds Archaeological State Park — Infobox protected area | name = Lake Jackson Mounds Archaeological State Park iucn category = V caption = locator x = 212 locator y = 139 location = Leon County, Florida, USA nearest city = Tallahassee, Florida lat degrees = 30 lat minutes = 30… …   Wikipedia

  • Lumber River State Park — Geobox Protected Area name = Lumber River State Park native name = other name = other name1 = category local = North Carolina State Park category iucn = III image caption = The Lumber River as seen from the boat launch at Princess Ann in Robeson… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.