Port of Shanghai
The Port of Shanghai, located in the vicinity of
Shanghai, comprises a deep-sea port and a river port. In 2006, with a total of 537 million tons of cargo transported, it became the world's busiest port by cargo tonnage for the first time.
The Port of Shanghai faces the
East China Seato the east, and Hangzhou Bayto the south. It includes the heads of the Yangtze River, Huangpu River(which enters the Yangtze River), and Qiantang River.
Ming Dynasty, what is now the city of Shanghaiwas a part of Jiangsu Province(with a small part in Zhejiang Province). While Shanghai had become a county seat in the Yuan Dynasty, it remained a relatively small town.
Its location at the mouth of the Yangtze led to its development as coastal trade developed during the
Qing Dynasty, especially the Qianlongera. Gradually, the port of Shanghai surpassed the port of Ningboand the port of Guangzhouto became the largest port of China at the time.
In 1842, Shanghai became a treaty port, thus developing into an international commercial city. By the early 20th century, it was the largest city in the Far East, and the largest port in the Far East.
In 1949, with the Communist takeover in
Shanghai, overseas trade was cut dramatically. The economic policy of the People's Republic had a crippling effect on Shanghai's infrastructure and capital development.
In 1991, the central government allowed Shanghai to initiate
Economic Reform. Since then, the port of Shanghai has developed at an increasing pace. By 2005, the Yangshandeep water port was built on the Yangshan islands, a group of islands in Hangzhou Bay, linked to Shanghaiby the Donghai Bridge. This development allowed the port to overcome shallow water conditions in its current location, and to rival another deep-water port, the nearby Ningbo- Zhoushanport.
The port of Shanghai includes 5 major working zones:
Huangpu Rivermouth at Wusongkou (Chinese: 吴淞口)
* Waigaoqiao (外高桥) in
Yangshandeep water port ( Hangzhou Bay& East China Sea)
Pudongcoastline (East China Sea)
Total area: 3619.6 km sq
1984, 100 million tons (mt) moved
1999, 186 mt
2005, 443 mt
2006, 537 mt
* [http://www.portshanghai.com.cn/sipg/index.php SIPG, Shanghai International Port (Group) Co., Ltd]
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