Port of Shanghai

The Port of Shanghai, located in the vicinity of Shanghai, comprises a deep-sea port and a river port. In 2006, with a total of 537 million tons of cargo transported, it became the world's busiest port by cargo tonnage for the first time.

The Port of Shanghai faces the East China Sea to the east, and Hangzhou Bay to the south. It includes the heads of the Yangtze River, Huangpu River (which enters the Yangtze River), and Qiantang River.

History

During the Ming Dynasty, what is now the city of Shanghai was a part of Jiangsu Province (with a small part in Zhejiang Province). While Shanghai had become a county seat in the Yuan Dynasty, it remained a relatively small town.

Its location at the mouth of the Yangtze led to its development as coastal trade developed during the Qing Dynasty, especially the Qianlong era. Gradually, the port of Shanghai surpassed the port of Ningbo and the port of Guangzhou to became the largest port of China at the time.

In 1842, Shanghai became a treaty port, thus developing into an international commercial city. By the early 20th century, it was the largest city in the Far East, and the largest port in the Far East.

In 1949, with the Communist takeover in Shanghai, overseas trade was cut dramatically. The economic policy of the People's Republic had a crippling effect on Shanghai's infrastructure and capital development.

In 1991, the central government allowed Shanghai to initiate Economic Reform. Since then, the port of Shanghai has developed at an increasing pace. By 2005, the Yangshan deep water port was built on the Yangshan islands, a group of islands in Hangzhou Bay, linked to Shanghai by the Donghai Bridge. This development allowed the port to overcome shallow water conditions in its current location, and to rival another deep-water port, the nearby Ningbo-Zhoushan port.

Harbour zones

The port of Shanghai includes 5 major working zones:
* Yangtze River estuary
* Huangpu River mouth at Wusongkou (Chinese: 吴淞口)
* Waigaoqiao (外高桥) in Pudong
* Yangshan deep water port (Hangzhou Bay & East China Sea)
* Pudong coastline (East China Sea)

Data

Total area: 3619.6 km sq

1984, 100 million tons (mt) moved

1999, 186 mt

2005, 443 mt

2006, 537 mt

External links

* [http://www.portshanghai.com.cn/sipg/index.php SIPG, Shanghai International Port (Group) Co., Ltd]


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