Fourteener

In mountaineering terminology in the United States, a fourteener is a mountain that exceeds 14,000 feet (4,267.2 m) above mean sea level. The importance of fourteeners is greatest in Colorado, which has the majority of such peaks in North America. Climbing all of Colorado's fourteeners is a popular pastime among peak baggers. Many people also try to climb all of the fourteeners in the contiguous United States. Several ski mountaineers have also completed ski descents of all the Colorado fourteeners, and the first attempts are being made to complete ski descents of all U.S. fourteeners.

Qualification criteria

Not all summits over 14,000 feet qualify as fourteeners. Summits which qualify are those considered by mountaineers to be independent. Objective standards for independence include topographic prominence and isolation (distance from a higher summit), or a combination of the two. However fourteener lists do not always consistently use such objective rules. Also, there is some debate as to whether or not peaks of 15,000 feet or more should be referred to as "fourteeners"; this article will refer to them as such.

A rule commonly used by mountaineers in the contiguous United States is that a peak must have at least 300 feet (91.4 m) of prominence to qualify. By this rule, Colorado has 53 (plus or minus 1) fourteeners, California has 12, and Washington has 2. However, the subsidiary summit of Liberty Cap in Washington (one of the summits of Mount Rainier), at 14,112 feet and 492 feet of prominence, is often not counted as a fourteener despite meeting the prominence criteria.

According to the [http://www.mcak.org Mountaineering Club of Alaska] , it is standard in Alaska to use a 500 foot prominence rule rather than a 300 foot rule.Fact|date=April 2007 By this rule, Alaska has at least 21 peaks over 14,000 feet and its 12 highest peaks exceed 15,000 feet (4,572 m).

For comparison, Canada has 15 fourteeners, and Mexico has 8; however the importance of the arbitrary 14,000 foot mark is minimal outside of the U.S. (due in large part to the use of the metric system). In Europe, it is very common to attempt to climb all of the independent convert|4000|m peaks in the Alps; that pastime roughly corresponds to fourteener-bagging in the U.S., although the European peaks are more technical climbs in general.

List of United States fourteeners

The following table lists the fourteeners which satisfy the 300 foot prominence rule (for Colorado, California, and Washington) or the 500 foot rule (for Alaska). In other words, it is a list of the highest independent summits in the United States. Note that even with a specified rule, there are a few ambiguous borderline cases, due to the unavoidable imprecision of surveys; the prominence range for these peaks is noted. Also note that due to imprecision of elevations, the order given below is not certain; in particular, different vertical data lead to uncertainties in the ranking. Elevations are given in feet.

The following are peaks that are sometimes considered fourteeners but do not meet the criteria for the above list:

* Mount McKinley, South Buttress, 15,885, Alaska. Prominence = 285-385 feet.
* Mount McKinley, East Buttress high point, 14,730, Alaska. Prominence = 330-430 feet.
* Mount McKinley, Browne Tower, 14,530, Alaska. Prominence = 25-125 feet. It is unclear why this became included on some fourteener lists.
* Mount Cameron, 14,238, Colorado. Prominence = 118 feet.
* El Diente Peak, 14,159, Colorado. Prominence = 239 feet. On many fourteener lists.
* Point Success, 14,158, Washington. Prominence = 118 feet.
* Polemonium Peak, 14,080+, California. Prominence = 160-240 feet.
* Starlight Peak, 14,080, California. Prominence = 80-160 feet.
* North Conundrum Peak, 14,040+, Colorado. Prominence = 200-280 feet.
* North Eolus, 14,039, Colorado. Prominence = 159-199 feet.
* North Maroon Peak, 14,014, Colorado. Prominence = 234 feet. On many fourteener lists.
* Thunderbolt Peak, 14,003, California. Prominence = 223 feet.

ee also

*4000 meter peaks of Alaska
*4000 meter peaks of California
*4000 meter peaks of Colorado
*4000 meter peaks of North America
*4000 meter peaks of the United States
*List of California fourteeners
*List of Colorado fourteeners
*List of highest mountains of North America (uses a stricter cutoff)
*Thirteener

References

External links

* [http://www.peakbagger.com/list.aspx?lid=21360 Fourteener list on peakbagger.com] with prominence information
* [http://www.peaklist.org peaklist.org] (More prominence information for high-prominence peaks)
* [http://americasroof.com/fourteeners.shtml List of fourteeners in all US states]
* [http://www.geocities.com/~gibell/fourteeners/ Lists of fourteeners and additional background information]
* [http://www.fourteeners.org/ Information on the fourteeners in Colorado]
* [http://www.14ers.com/ 14ers.com: Colorado's Highest Peaks]
* [http://www.hikingintherockies.com/fourteeners/14ers.htm Trip reports from Colorado Peaks]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fourteener — Unter Bergsteigern in den USA werden als Fourteener alle Berge bezeichnet, deren Gipfel höher ist als 14.000 Fuß (4.267,2 Meter). Außerhalb der USA ist dieser Ausdruck kaum gebräuchlich. Im Rest der Welt, wo das metrische System verbreitet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fourteener — Dans le jargon des alpinistes américains, le terme de fourteener s applique aux sommets de plus de 14 000 pieds (4 267 mètres) au dessus du niveau de la mer. Cette limite symbolique ne doit pas être confondue avec celle de l échelle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • fourteener — /fawr tee neuhr, fohr /, n. Pros. a line, esp. an iambic line, consisting of 14 syllables. [1820 30; FOURTEEN + ER1] * * * ▪ prosody       a poetic line of 14 syllables; especially, such a line consisting of seven iambic feet. The form is also… …   Universalium

  • fourteener — noun Date: 1884 1. a verse consisting of 14 syllables or especially of 7 iambic feet 2. a mountain that is at least 14,000 feet high …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • fourteener — noun A mountain rising to more than 14,000 feet above mean sea level …   Wiktionary

  • fourteener — four·teen·er …   English syllables

  • fourteener — nə(r) noun ( s) 1. : a poetic line of 14 syllables; especially : such a line consisting of seven iambic feet 2. : a mountain peak 14,000 or more feet above sea level …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fourteener (poetry) — A Fourteener, in poetry, is a line consisting of 14 syllables, usually having 7 iambic feet, often used in 16th century English verse. Sometimes it also used to mean a poem of 14 lines, frequently a sonnet.The seventh song of Philip Sidney s… …   Wikipedia

  • Fourteeners — Fourteener Dans le jargon des alpinistes américains, le terme de fourteener s applique aux sommets de plus de 14 000 pieds (4 267 mètres) au dessus du niveau de la mer. Cette limite symbolique ne doit pas être confondue avec celle de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of Colorado fourteeners — Main article: Fourteener See also: 4000 meter peaks of Colorado In mountaineering in the United States, a fourteener (or 14er ) is a mountain peak that exceeds 14,000 feet (4267.2 meters) elevation. (This term is not usually significant …   Wikipedia

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