- Ethiopian ecclesiastical titles
Important offices of the
Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Churchwere:
*Patriarch we Re'ese Liqane Papasat -
Patriarchand First of the Archbishop, meaning Catholicos. Since 1959, the title of the head of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church is Patriarch Catholicos of Ethiopia. The first Patriarch, Abuna Basilioswas enthroned by the Coptic Orthodox Pope Cyril VI in 1959, and so the Patriarchs of Ethiopia are part of the Apostolic succession of the Holy See of St. Mark. The Ethiopian Patriarchate combined the old offices of Abunaand Ichege(see below). In 2001, the title of Archbishop of Axum was added to the titles of the Patriarch after Axum was elevated to the rank of an Archdiocese by the Holy Synod.
Abuna-- Metropolitan Archbishopof the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. From the 4th Century until the middle of the 20th century he was a Coptic monk appointed by the Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of All Africa to serve as its leader. However as time progressed, the authority of the Abuna was reduced to little more than a figurehead largely because the incumbents spoke little Ge'ez or Amharic. In 1948, the Coptic Orthodox Pope Joseph II appointed the then Ichage (see below) as the first Ethiopian born Archbishop, Abune Basilios, and granted the Ethiopian church autocephaly. His successor as Coptic Orthodox Pope, Cyril VI, elevated Abune Basilios to the exalted rank of Patriarchin 1959. The title of Abuna is now held by all the numerous Archbishops and Bishops of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.
* Ichege -- the
abbotof the monastery of Debre Libanos, who served as the second highest ecclesiastic of the Ethiopian church, and was often the "de facto" head of that church. Beginning in the mid-17th century, the Ichage lived at Gondarwhile the capital was in that city. The Ichage followed the capital when it moved to Debre Tabor, Mekeleand ultimately Addis Ababa.
*Sebate --Administrator of the
Debre LibanosMonastery and deputy to the Ichage.
* Aqabe sa'at ("Guardian of the Church hours") -- Chaplain to the Emperor. Until the mid-17th century was second only to the Abuna;
James Brucein the late 18th century describes him as the third highest ecclesiastic.
*Lique Siltanat' --"Arch-hierarch" title originally granted only to the Dean of Holy Trinity Cathedral in Addis Ababa, but today is granted to the deans of most of Ethiopia's cathedrals.
*Lique Liqawint --"Arch-scholar", a title granted to the Dean and Abbot of the
Ba'eta Le Mariam Monastery, the mausoleum church on the grounds of Addis Ababa's Imperial Palace, where Emperor Menelik II and Empress Zewditu are buried.
*Lique Diaqon -
Ethiopian aristocratic and court titles
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ethiopian aristocratic and court titles — Until the end of the monarchy in 1974, there were two categories of nobility in Ethiopia: the Mesafint (Ge ez መሳፍንት masāfint, modern mesāfint, singular መስፍን masfin, modern mesfin, prince ) or princes, hereditary nobles, formed the upper echelon… … Wikipedia
Title — For other uses, see Title (disambiguation). A title is a prefix or suffix added to someone s name to signify either veneration, an official position or a professional or academic qualification. In some languages, titles may even be inserted… … Wikipedia
Deacon — This article is about the office in the Christian Church. For other uses, see Deacon (disambiguation). Saint Stephen, one of the first seven deacons in the Christian Church, holding a Gospel Book, painting by Giacomo Cavedone 1601 Deacon is a… … Wikipedia
Chorbishop — Part of a series on Eastern Christianity … Wikipedia
Major archbishop — Part of a series on Eastern Christianity … Wikipedia
BIBLE — THE CANON, TEXT, AND EDITIONS canon general titles the canon the significance of the canon the process of canonization contents and titles of the books the tripartite canon … Encyclopedia of Judaism
biblical literature — Introduction four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha. The Old… … Universalium
Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria — Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of all Africa redirects here. For Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa, see Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa. Bishop of Alexandria Bishopric … Wikipedia
Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria — Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and of All Africa Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ̀ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ Coptic Orthod … Wikipedia
canon law — canon lawyer. the body of codified ecclesiastical law, esp. of the Roman Catholic Church as promulgated in ecclesiastical councils and by the pope. [1300 50; ME] * * * Body of laws established within Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy,… … Universalium