Infobox musical artist
Name = Genesis
Img_capt = Genesis performing live on their 2007 US tour in Pittsburgh. "(Left to right:
Daryl Stuermer(guitar), Mike Rutherford(guitar and bass guitar), Tony Banks (keyboards), Phil Collins(lead vocals and drums).)"
Landscape = Yes
Background = group_or_band
Godalming, Surrey, England
Years_active = 1967 – 1999
Label = Virgin, Charisma, Atlantic, Atco, Decca, ABC, Impulse!, Rhino
Associated_acts = GTR,
Mike + The Mechanics, Brand X, Stiltskin, Gordian Knot
URL = [http://www.genesis-music.com/ www.genesis-music.com]
Current_members = Tony Banks
Phil Collins Mike Rutherford
Peter Gabriel Steve Hackett Anthony Phillips John Mayhew John Silver
Genesis are an English rock band formed in 1967. With approximately 150 million albums sold worldwide, Genesis are among the top 30 highest-selling recording artists of all time. [http://www.atlanticrecords.com/collinsphil/about/ "Phil Collins"] . atlanticrecords.com. Retrieved on 15 March 2007.] In 1988, the band won a
Grammy Awardfor Best Concept Music Video. The longest-tenured members of Genesis are Phil Collins, Mike Rutherford, and Tony Banks. Peter Gabriel, Anthony Phillipsand Steve Hackettwere also members of the band in its early days.
Genesis began as a 1960s pop band playing moody, simple keyboard-driven melodies. During the 1970s, they evolved into a
progressive rockband, incorporating complex song structures and elaborate instrumentation, while their concerts became theatricalexperiences with innovative stage design, pyrotechnics, elaborate costumes and onstage stories. This second phase was characterised by lengthy performances such as the 23 minute " Supper's Ready" and " The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway", the 1974 concept album. In the 1980s, the band produced accessible pop music based on melodic hooks; this change of direction gave them their first number one album in the United Kingdom, "Duke", and their only number one single in the United States, "Invisible Touch".
Genesis has changed personnel several times. Founding member Anthony Phillips left the band in 1970 due to stage fright. In 1975, Collins, then the band's drummer, replaced Gabriel as lead singer after a lengthy search for a replacement. To facilitate Collins's move to lead vocals during concerts,
Bill Bruford, and later Chester Thompson, played drums for the band, with Collins joining in briefly during lengthy instrumental passages. After Phil Collins left the band in 1996, Genesis recruited Ray Wilson (formerly of Stiltskin), who appeared on the 1997 album " Calling All Stations". As a result of the commercial failure of "Calling All Stations", the band announced an indefinite hiatus. However, in 2007, Banks, Collins and Rutherford reunited for a , which included a free concert at Rome's Circo Massimoin front of 500,000 fans.
1967–1969 The Beginning
Genesis was formed in 1967 when Peter Gabriel and Tony Banks were students at
Charterhouse Schoolin Godalming. Formed out of school bands "Garden Wall" and "Anon", [http://www.genesis-news.com/itintern/events/2005/eye_macphail3.htm Genesis Early Years Event 2005 - Richard Macphail Interview (3)] . genesis-news.com, 15 May 2005. Retrieved on 27 May 2007.] Genesis's original line-up consisted of Peter Gabriel(vocals), Anthony Phillips( guitar), Tony Banks (keyboards), Mike Rutherford(bass & guitar) and Chris Stewart (drums).Welch, Chris (1995). The Complete Guide to the Music of Genesis. London: Omnibus Press.]
Genesis recorded their first album in 1968, "
From Genesis to Revelation", after being discovered by Jonathan King, a Charterhouse School alumnus. King gave a concert at Charterhouse while the band was still in school. Following the concert, Gabriel gave King a tape of songs the band had recorded and King thought enough of them to sign them to a recording contract. King was a songwriter and record producer who had a hit single at the time, "Everyone's Gone to the Moon." King named the band "Genesis" (after previously suggesting the name "Gabriel's Angels"Tracy, John. [http://www.genesis-path.net/atww_G.html "And The Word Was ... GENESIS"] genesis-path.net. Retrieved on 15 March 2007.] ), recalling that he had "thought it was a good name... it suggested the beginning of a new sound and a new feeling".
The album was released on
Decca Recordsin March 1969. During the sessions, Stewart was replaced by John Silveron drums. The band recorded a series of songs influenced by the light pop style of the Bee Gees, one of King's favourite bands at the time. King assembled the tracks as a concept album, and added string arrangements during the production. Their first single, "The Silent Sun", was released in February 1968. The album sold poorly but the band, on advice from King, decided to pursue a career in music.King, Jonathan. "In the Beginning". " From Genesis to Revelation" (sleeve notes). 1993 release] King holds the rights to the songs on the "From Genesis to Revelation" album and has re-released it many times under a variety of names, including "In the Beginning", "Where the Sour Turns to Sweet", "Rock Roots: Genesis", "...And the Word Was" and, most recently, "The Genesis of Genesis".
Silver was replaced by
John Mayhewbefore the recording of "Trespass". Genesis then secured a new recording contract with Charisma Records. [Cromelin, Richard. "Genesis: Short on Hair, Long on Gimmicks". "Rolling Stone", 28 March 1974.] The band built a following through live performances which featured the band's hypnotic, dark and haunting melodies and Gabriel's numerous eye-catching costumes.
"Trespass" was the template for the band's albums in the 1970s – lengthy, sometimes operatic, pieces, and occasional short, humorous numbers resembling the style of progressive rock bands such as
King Crimson, Yes and Gentle Giant. "Trespass" included progressive rock elements such as elaborate arrangements and time signaturechanges, as in the nine-minute song "The Knife".
Ill health and recurring
stage frightcaused Phillips to leave the band in 1970.Ostrich Michael. [http://home.att.net/~los.endos/genesis/faq/faq.htm "Genesis Frequently Asked Questions List Version 2.6"] . ProgScape Entertainment, 21 December 1998. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] Phillips later recorded many solo albums, of which " The Geese and the Ghost" features Phil Collins on vocals. Phillips's departure traumatised Banks and Rutherford, causing the band to doubt whether it could continueYoung, John. [http://www.genesis-path.net/art82-03.html "Genesis Look at Themselves"] . Trouser Press Magazine, March 1982. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] However, the remaining members decided to carry on, replacing Mayhew with Phil Collins on drums and Steve Hackett, formerly of Quiet World, on guitar to replace Phillips, after an interim period during which Mick Barnardplayed guitar. Barnard is not featured on any of the band's released albums.
1970–1975 The Gabriel Years
Collins and Hackett made their studio debut in 1971 on "
Nursery Cryme", which features the epic "The Musical Box" and Collins's first lead vocal performance in "For Absent Friends". "Foxtrot" was released in October 1972 and contains what has been described as "one of the group's most accomplished works",Welch (1995), p. 21] the 23-minute "Supper's Ready". Songs such as the Arthur C. Clarke-inspired "Watcher of the Skies" solidified their reputation as songwriters and performers. Gabriel's flamboyant and theatrical stage presence, which involved numerous costume changes and surreal song introductions, made the band a popular live act. [http://www.genesis-path.net/art72-74.html "Some New York Times Reviews '72-'74"] . genesis-path.net. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] Genesis Live, recorded on the "Foxtrot" tour, followed in 1973.
Selling England by the Pound" followed in November 1973 and was well received by critics and fans.Malamut, Bruce. [http://www.genesis-path.net/artGM7403b.html "Selling England by the Pound"] . "Crawdaddy", March 1974. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] Gabriel insisted on the title, a reference to a current Labour Party slogan, in an effort to counter the impression that Genesis were becoming too US-oriented.Bowler, Dray. "Genesis: A Biography". London: Sidwick & Jackson, 1992] The album contains "Firth of Fifth" and "I Know What I Like (In Your Wardrobe)"; these songs became part of their live repertoire, with the latter reaching #17 on the UK singles charts. During this period Hackett became an early user of the electric guitar " tapping" technique, which was later popularized by Eddie Van Halen, as well as " sweep-picking", which was popularised in the 1980s by Yngwie Malmsteen.Alspach, Steve. [http://www.musicstreetjournal.com/hackettinterview.htm "Interview with Steve Hackett"] . Music Street Journal, 2002. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] These virtuoso guitar techniques were incorporated in the song "Dancing with the Moonlit Knight". At the same time, the band signed with new manager Tony Smith, who published all subsequent Genesis songs through his company Hit & Run Music Publishing.
In 1974, Genesis undertook a double disc
concept album" The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway" which was released on 18 November. In contrast to the lengthy tracks featured on earlier albums "The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway" is a collection of shorter tracks, connected by a number of segues. The story describes the spiritual journey of Rael, a Puerto Rican youth living in New York City, and his quest to establish his freedom and identity. [Welch, Chris. "Genesis: The Lamb Lies Down On Broadway". "Melody Maker", 23 November. 1974.] During his adventure, Rael encounters several bizarre characters including the "Slippermen" and "The Lamia", the latter being borrowed from Greek mythology and influenced by a poem by Keats.
The band embarked on a world tour to promote the album, performing it 102 times in its entirety, with Gabriel adding spoken narration. During their live performances, Genesis pioneered the use of lasers and other light effects, most of which were built by the Dutch technician Theo Botschuijver. A customised handheld unit was used to channel laser light, which allowed Gabriel to sweep the audience with various light effects.
Creating the ambitious "The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway" album strained relations between band members, particularly Banks and Gabriel. Gabriel wrote the lyrics, while the other band members wrote the music, with the exception of "Counting Out Time" and "The Carpet Crawlers". "The Light Dies Down on Broadway" was co-authored by Banks and Rutherford. The other-worldly, blurbling, sequenced synth sounds and shattering glass loops in the track "The Waiting Room", as well as the vocal effects in the track "The Grand Parade of Lifeless Packaging" coined "Enossifications", were produced by the ambient composer
During the "Lamb" tour, Gabriel announced to his bandmates that he had decided to leave the band,Mankowitz, Gered. "Help!". "Mojo Magazine", April 2007.] citing estrangement from the other members, and the strains of his marriage and the difficult birth of his first child. Nonetheless, he saw his commitment through to the conclusion of the tour, which ended anti-climactically in a cancelled gig at Besançon in Eastern France. In a letter to fans, delivered through the music press at the end of the tour, entitled "Out, Angels Out", Gabriel explained that the "...vehicle we had built as a co-op to serve our songwriting became our master and had cooped us up inside the success we had wanted. It affected the attitudes and the spirit of the whole band. The music had not dried up and I still respect the other musicians, but our roles had set in hard.""Gabriel, Peter. [http://genesis-path.net/peters_letter.html "Out, Angels Out - an investigation"] genesis-path.net, August 1975. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] Collins later remarked that the other members "...were not stunned by Peter's departure because we had known about it for quite a while." The band decided to carry on without Gabriel. [Welch, Chris. "Peter Gabriel Quits Genesis". "Melody Maker", 23 August 1975.] Gabriel's first solo album," Peter Gabriel" 1977, features the hit single "Solsbury Hill", an
allegorythat refers to his departure from the band.
1976–1977 The 4 man Years
The group auditioned lead singers to find a replacement for Gabriel.
Collins, who had provided backing vocals, coached prospective replacements. Eventually, the band decided to use Collins as the lead vocalist"Genesis Archive #2". Gelring Limited. Atlantic Recording Corporation, 2000.] for 1976's " A Trick of the Tail". The album was well received by critics, and outsold all previous albums combined.Fact|date=June 2008 The new producer David Hentschel, who had served as engineer on "Nursery Cryme", gave the album a clearer-sounding production. Critics noted that Collins sounded "more like Gabriel than Gabriel did". [http://www.goldenslumbers.com/artist/collins.html "Phil Collins"] . Golden Slumbers, 2005. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.]
Despite the success of the album, the group remained concerned with their live shows, which now lacked Gabriel's elaborate costume changes and dramatic behaviour. Since Collins required the assistance of a second drummer while he sang,
Bill Bruford, drummer for Yesand King Crimson was hired [http://www.worldofgenesis.com/BillBruford-interview2005.htm "An interview with Bill Bruford"] . World of Genesis.com. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] for the 1976 tour. Their first live performance without Peter Gabriel was on 26 March 1976, in London, OntarioCanada.
Later that year, Genesis recorded "
Wind & Wuthering", the first of two albums recorded at the Relight Studios in Hilvarenbeekin the Netherlands. Released in December 1976, [http://www.genesis-music.com/discog/?v=&a=4&id=9 " Wind & Wuthering"Official Genesis Discography] . www.genesis-music.com. Retrieved on 21 August 2008.] the album took its name from Emily Brontë's novel " Wuthering Heights", whose last lines—"how anyone could ever imagine unquiet slumbers for the sleepers in that quiet earth"—inspired the titles of the seventh and eighth tracks.McMahan, p. 371]
For the 1977 Genesis tour, the
jazz fusion-trained Chester Thompson—a veteran of Weather Reportand Frank Zappa—took on live drumming duties. Collins's approach to Genesis shows differed from the theatrical performances of Gabriel, and his interpretations of older songs were lighter and more subtle. At the 1982 Milton Keynesreunion show, Gabriel admitted that Collins sang the songs "better", though never "quite like" him.Genesis. Inside Genesis 1975–1980. "Classic Rock Legends", 2004]
Guitarist Hackett had become increasingly disenchanted with the band by the time of "Wind & Wuthering"'s release, and he felt confined. He was the first member of the band to record a solo album, 1975's "
Voyage of the Acolyte", and greatly enjoyed the feelings of control over the recording process that working within a group could not provide. Hackett had asked that a quarter of "Wind & Wuthering" be allocated to Hackett's songs, which Collins described as "a dumb way to work in a band context". [http://www.g2online.co.uk/wind.htm "Wind & Wuthering 1977 - Genesis Remember"] . g2online.co.uk. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] While Hackett was given songwriting credits on the two instrumental tracks "Unquiet Slumbers for the Sleepers..."/"...In That Quiet Earth" , Hackett's "Blood on the Rooftops" was never performed live, and his song "Please Touch" (which appeared as the title track to his next solo album released in 1978) was rejected by the rest of the band, who opted for the shorter and catchier three-minute instrumental "Wot Gorilla?" which closes Side 1 of the Red Vinealbum. Hackett left the band following the release of the 1977 " Spot the Pigeon" E.P. while the band was in the studio mixing together the live album " Seconds Out".
The acclaimed "
Seconds Out" live album was recorded during the 1976 and 1977 tours and was to be Hackett's final release with Genesis. Rutherford took on guitar duties in the studio, and during live performances alternated guitar and bass with the session musician Daryl Stuermer.
1978–1979 And Then There Were Three
Following the departure of Hackett, Rutherford took on guitar duties in the studio and the band was getting closer to a balance of what each member provided from a creative standpoint. The group decided to continue as a trio, a fact they acknowledged in the title of the 1978 album "
…And Then There Were Three…". The album was a further move away from lengthy progressive epics, and yielded their first American radio hit, " Follow You, Follow Me", whose popularity led to "...And Then There Were Three..." being the band's first U.S. Platinum-certified album.
For live performances that year, Rutherford alternated again between guitar and bass with Daryl Stuermer, formerly guitarist with
Jean-Luc Ponty's band. Generally, Rutherford played the guitar pieces he composed during the most recent album, but stuck with bass playing for all of the material recorded prior to 1978. Stuermer effectively played everything that Hackett would have performed had he remained with the band. Their 1978 world tour took them across North America, over to Europe, back to North America, and, eventually, to their first performances in Japan at the end of 1978.
As the band had been recording and touring constantly since the winter of 1977–78, it was decided by Banks, Collins, and Rutherford to take the majority of 1979 off. Collins had previously informed his bandmates that he needed to attempt to save his marriage by following his wife to her new home in Vancouver. If they planned to go back into the studio, they were going to have to count him out. Banks and Rutherford responded by proposing that the band go into hiatus for the majority of 1979 while he sorted out his family issues and they would record solo material in the meantime.
After his attempt to save his marriage ended in divorce, Collins returned to the UK in August 1979, and found himself in a holding pattern while Banks and Rutherford were working on solo recordings. With time to spare and new equipment in his home, Collins immersed himself in the recording of home demos that would become his first solo album "Face Value" (released in 1981) and provide two songs for the upcoming Genesis project. When the three bandmates came back together to begin recording their next album "Duke" the product was much more the result of all three working together equally. "Duke" was the real transition from their 1970s progressive rock sound to the 1980s pop era. The use of a drum machine became a consistent element on subsequent Genesis albums, as well as on Collins's solo releases. The first Genesis song to feature a drum machine was the "Duke" track "Duchess". The more commercial "Duke" was well received by the mainstream media, and was the band's first UK number one album, while the tracks "Misunderstanding" and "
Turn It On Again" became live performance favourites.
"Duke" was followed by "
Abacab", which features a collaboration with the Earth, Wind & Firehorn section on the track "No Reply at All." Much of the album's rehearsals took place at The Farm, the band's newly-built studio in Surrey, and the site where all of their subsequent albums were recorded. The album used a forceful drum sound which used an effect called " gated reverb", which uses a live—or artificially reverberated—sound relayed through a noise gateset, which rapidly cuts off when a particular volume threshold is reached. This results in a powerful "live" sounding, yet controlled, drum ambience. The distinctive sound was first developed by Peter Gabriel, Collins, and their co-producer/engineer Hugh Padgham, when Collins was recording the backing track for "Intruder", the first song on Gabriel's 1980 solo album. The technique, in addition to Padgham's production, had been apparent on "Face Value" (1981), Collins's debut solo album. The "gated" drum sound would become an audio trademark of future Genesis and Collins albums. [Flans, Robyn. [http://mixonline.com/mag/audio_phil_collins_air/index.html "Classic Tracks: Phil Collins's In the Air Tonight"] . "Mix", 1 May 2005. Retrieved on 25 March 2007.]
In 1982, the band released the live double album "
Three Sides Live". The U.S. version contains three sides of live material—hence the album's title—in addition to a side of studio material. The studio material includes the song "Paperlate", which again features an Earth, Wind and Fire horn section. In the UK and the rest of Europe, the studio material was replaced by a fourth side of live recordings from previous tours. 1982 closed with a one-off performance alongside Gabriel and Hackett at the Milton Keynes Bowl, under the name " Six of the Best". The concert was hastily put together to help raise money for Gabriel's WOMAD project, which at the time was suffering from considerable financial hardship. [http://www.genesis-path.net/art-82RS.html "The 1982 Reunion Show Program Book"] .genesis-path.net. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] Hackett, who arrived late from South Africa, performed the final two songs ("I Know What I Like (In Your Wardrobe)" and "The Knife") of the show with his former bandmates.
1983's eponymous "Genesis" album became their third consecutive number one album in the UK. The album includes the radio-friendly tracks "Mama" and "That's All", and re-introduced the band's flair for lengthy pieces in "Home by the Sea". The track "Just a Job to Do" was later used as the theme song for the 1985's ABC detective drama "
The Insiders". The album became a worldwide success, although somewhat unusually for a Genesis album, it provides no "extra" material. The sessions from the previous five studio albums dating back to 1976's " A Trick of the Tail" had all generated other songs that would be released as b-sides to singles or on EPs. Any other song ideas were held back for solo projects, in which all three members were, by this time, heavily involved.
Genesis's highest-selling album, "
Invisible Touch", was released in 1986, at the height of Collins's popularity as a solo artist. The album yielded five U.S. Top 5 singles: "Throwing It All Away", "In Too Deep", " Tonight, Tonight, Tonight", " Land of Confusion" and "Invisible Touch". The title track reached #1 in the United States; the only Genesis song to do so; however, it stalled at #15 in the UK. In 1987, Genesis became the first band to sell out four consecutive nights at Wembley Stadium. [http://www.twronline.net/vaults.htm "The Waiting Room Online"] . "The Waiting Room", 2005. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] Genesis were the first band to use Vari*Lite technology, [http://www.vari-lite.com/index.php?src=gendocs&link=Company "About Vari-Lite"] . vari-lite.com. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] and the Prism sound system, all of which are now standard features of arena rock concerts.
Earlier that year, Collins viewed a spoof of himself on "
Spitting Image", a satirical British television show which used puppets to lampoon politicians and celebrities. He was impressed with the representation, and commissioned the show's creators, Peter Fluckand Roger Law, to work on the video for the "Land of Confusion" single. The video was formed as an ironic commentary on the Cold War, and played on the perception that the coalition's leaders were "trigger happy" with the nuclear "button". In addition to puppet representations of Banks, Collins and Rutherford, the video showed Ronald Reagandressed as Superman. It was nominated for the MTVVideo of the Year, losing to Gabriel's "Sledgehammer".
"Tonight, Tonight, Tonight" was used in a
Michelobcommercial—as was Collins's " In the Air Tonight"—while "In Too Deep" was featured in the film "Mona Lisa".McMahan, p. 307] The instrumental "The Brazilian", appeared in the animated movie"When the Wind Blows", alongside a score written by Roger Waters. At the 1988 Prince's Trust concert held in the Royal Albert Hall, Collins and Gabriel performed together for the first time since 1982. Collins was drummer for the house band, while Gabriel performed his hit single "Sledgehammer". As of September 2007, the two Genesis frontmen have not publicly played together since, although they did play together at Gabriel's wedding in 2002.
After a hiatus of five years, Genesis reconvened for the 1991 release of "
We Can't Dance", which was to be Collins's last studio album with the group. The album features the hit singles " Jesus He Knows Me", " I Can't Dance", " No Son of Mine", " Hold on My Heart", "Tell Me Why" and "Never a Time" (a U.S. release only), as well as lengthy pieces such as " Driving the Last Spike" and " Fading Lights". The album which was produced by Nick Davisincludes "Since I Lost You", which Collins wrote in memory of Eric Clapton's son Conor.
Collins left in March 1996. He later admitted that he "felt it time to change direction in my musical life. For me now, it will be music for movies, some jazz projects, and of course my solo career. I wish the guys in Genesis all the very best in their future. We remain the best of friends."Darling, Linda; Silberstein, Scott. [http://genesis-path.net/philquits.html "Phil Quits Genesis!"] . Entertainment Wire, 28 March 1996. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.]
Rutherford and Banks decided to continue as Genesis. However, they required more than one new member, because the band had lost not only Collins, but also the live musicians
Daryl Stuermerand Chester Thompson. Stuermer was approached, but was touring with Collins at the time; Thompson inquired regarding the vacant drum stool, but after he was refused full-band membership, he ended his 19-year association with the band. Eventually, drumming duties were shared between Nir Zidkyahu, an Israeli session drummer who had played with Hidden Persuaders, and Nick D'Virgilio, from the progressive rock band Spock's Beard. The difference in their playing styles was marked; D'Virgilio played softer, more subtle rhythms in comparison to Zidkyahu's bombastic technique.
Stiltskinsinger Ray Wilson was appointed as the new lead singer of Genesis. Other candidates had included Paul Carrackfrom Rutherford's Mike and the Mechanics, Francis Dunnery(ex- It Bites), Alan Barton(ex-Black Lace) and ex- Marillionvocalist—and two-time Banks collaborator—Fish. Popke, Michael. [http://www.seaoftranquility.org/article.php?sid=274&mode=thread&order=0&thold=0 "Ray Wilson: 'I find George Bush quite frightening and capable of scary things'"] . SeaOfTranquility.org, 24 October 2004. Retrieved on 25 March 2007.] Kevin Gilbertwas offered an audition just before his death in 1996.Sine, Richard. [http://www.thedebster.com/gilbert/metro.html "All Rocked Out"] . "Metro", 1–7 August 1996. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] On the band's criteria in the search for a singer, Banks noted: "We needed someone who fits as many of the things you require as possible—being able to improvise with the kind of music we write and also someone capable of jumping in at the deep end and fronting a band." Wilson was immediately incorporated into the songwriting process, being given "half-a-dozen" songs to work on and ending up with three co-writing credits on the final album.Heatley, Michael. [http://web.archive.org/web/19980708105320/www.dotmusic.co.uk/MWtalentgenesis97.html "Dotmusic Talent: GENESIS"] (retrieved from the Internet Archive). Dotmusic, 1997. Retrieved on 30 April 2007.]
Calling All Stations" sold well in Europe, while the track "Congo" reached #29 in the UK. The album was not successful in America, where it failed to reach the Billboard Top 50. During 1997 and 1998, Genesis toured across Europe; Banks, Rutherford, and Wilson were joined live by Zidkyahu and the guitarist Anthony Drennan, who previously worked with Paul Bradyand The Corrs. However, a planned American tour was cancelled due to the album's poor sales performance. Following the truncation of the "Calling All Stations" tour, Genesis dismissed Wilson and went on an extended hiatus, although the members remained in regular contact. In an April 2007 interview, Wilson expressed his disgust at how his dismissal was handled, saying "it was like death by silence."" [http://living.scotsman.com/features/Rocker-Rays-life-begins-after.3278292.jp Rocker Ray's life begins after Genesis] Scotsman.com Retrieved on 14 April 2008] He also said he regretted his time spent with the band, feeling uncomfortable as a self-described "working class" man with the wealthier likes of Banks and Rutherford, and also revealed one of Phil Collins's assistants told him Collins "wasn't happy that they had continued".
In 1999, the 1971–75 lineup of Banks, Collins, Gabriel, Hackett and Rutherford recorded a new version of "The Carpet Crawlers" for the "" compilation. In 2000, Collins, Banks, and Rutherford performed acoustic renditions of "
I Can't Dance," " Invisible Touch," "Follow You, Follow Me," and " Turn It On Again" at the Music Managers Forum, in honour of their manager Tony Smith." [http://www.vh1.com/news/articles/1436908/20000913/story.jhtml Genesis: Let There be Phil] ". vh1.com. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] Most of the original members were involved in compiling the two "Archive" boxed-sets. Acoustic versions of "Afterglow", "No Son of Mine" and "Follow You, Follow Me" were recorded for a documentary film about the band's history at this time.
After much speculation regarding a reunion, Banks, Collins and Rutherford announced on 7 November 2006; nearly 40 years after the band first formed. The tour would take place during Summer 2007, and play twelve countries across Europe, followed by a second leg in North America. The trio had wanted to reunite as a five-piece with Gabriel and Hackett for a live performance of "
The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway". While Gabriel reportedly agreed in principle to perform, he was unable to commit to a date. Collins later observed that "Peter is a little over-cautious about going back to something which fundamentally is just fun"." [http://www.genesis-news.com/genesis/interviews/press_conference_06.html Press conference, 7 November 2006, Mayfair hotel, London] ". genesis-news.com. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] Hackett agreed to participation, but without Peter joining in on the tour, Phil, Tony and Mike thought that it would be more appropriate to bring back Chester Thompson and Daryl Stuermer. Hackett, however still maintains good relations with the rest of the band. A short note expressing his good wishes for the reunion tour currently appears on his Web site. [http://www.stevehackett.com/ "Steve Hackett's website"] . stevehackett.com. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] In their stead, both Stuermer and Thompson returned as backing musicians.
The band and long-time producer, Nick Davis, are due to re-release their back catalogue in three batches over the course of 2007 and 2008, each comprising a third of the band's albums (from "Trespass" to "
Calling All Stations") in a boxset-style release. Each will comprise a double-disc set containing a multi-channel hybrid Super Audio CD, as well as a DVD-Videowith DTS 24bit/96K and Dolby Digital24bit/48K 5.1 tracks. The DVD will include extras such as promo videos and new interviews in which the band discuss the period surrounding each album release. Instead of the Hybrid SACDs there will only be standard CDs for the U.S. and Canada. The first two of these collections have been issued as box sets, starting with " Genesis 1976-1982" in May 2007 and with " Genesis 1983-1998" in October 2007. The last set " Genesis 1970-1975" is to be released in October 2008.
On 12 May 2007, the band were honourees at the second annual
VH1 Rock Honors, along with Ozzy Osbourne, Heart and ZZ Top. The setlist was, "Turn It On Again", "No Son of Mine" and "Los Endos" the performance aired on VH-1 in the US on 24 May 2007. [cite web |url=http://www.genesis-news.com/live-2007-blog/2007/05/13/genesis-in-las-vegas-last-night-vh-1-rock-honors|title=Genesis in Las Vegas last night (VH-1 Rock Honors)] On 11 June 2007 Genesis officially kicked off their 2007 Turn It On Again World Tour in Helsinki, Finland. The band performed over 50 shows in several countries including Denmark, Belgium, Germany, Poland, France, Italy, Great Britain, the United States and Canada. The German show was broadcast live to several cinemas across the UK and Europe. On 7 July 2007, Genesis participated at Live Earth, a series of concerts to promote action to confront global climate changeat the new Wembley Stadiumin London, along with other artists including Madonna, Duran Duranand Red Hot Chili Peppers. [http://liveearth.msn.com/ "Genesis to participate in Live Earth"] . Liveearth.org. Retrieved on 25 March 2007.]
In an August 2007 interview, Collins has stated that the recording of a new album is currently "very, I repeat, "very" unlikely" [emphasis in original] , citing a lack of both time and inspiration.Citation | last=Haagsma | first=Robert | author-link= | year=August 2007 | title=Turning It On Again | periodical=
Record Collector| volume= | issue=339 | pages=24–26 | id=ISSN 0261-250X | url= ] However, Banks, on 22 August, stated "The three of us would be quite keen to have a go and see what happens." [http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/breakingnews/entertainment/story/4026283p-4638005c.html "Genesis keyboardist remembers Phil Collins' Cdn debut three decades ago"] . Canadian Press. 22 August 2007. ]
On 2 October, Starbucks released the CD Sampler "Genesis: 14 From Our Past". The track list is: "The Knife", "Happy The Man", "Watcher of the Skies", "I Know What I Like", "The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway", "Squonk", "Your Own Special Way", "Follow You, Follow Me", "Turn It on Again", "Abacab", "That's All", "Land of Confusion", "Hold on My Heart", and "Congo".
Also on 2 October 2007, Genesis released their second box set, "
Genesis 1983-1998", in Europe on the EMI International label, and was released in North America on 20 November 2007 by Rhino and Atlantic Records. This set features the music of the power-trio era of the group, including the albums "Genesis", "Invisible Touch", "We Can't Dance" and "Calling All Stations". Each of the albums include the original album in a remastered stereo mix (Hybrid SACD format in Europe and regular CD in North America) and a bonus DVD with the original album remastered in DTS 24bit/96K and Dolby Digital24bit/48K 5.1 Surround Sound. In addition, the DVDs have music videos from each album's period, rarities and band interviews from this year discussing each of the albums.
An album of the reunion tour, entitled '
Live Over Europe 2007' was released in November of that year. The tracklist features a balanced set list covering most of their career. None of the songs recorded during Wilson's time with the band were featured. In addition to the aforementioned album, sound deck recordings of each show were released by "The Music" [ [http://themusic.com/encore/genesis2007/ Genesis Live 2007 Encore Series TheMusic.com ] ] A DVD of the concert on 14 July 2007 in Rome's Circo Massimo, When in Rome 2007] was released May on 26th A microsite has been launched to accompany the release: [http://www.wheninromedvd.com www.wheninromedvd.com] .
Inspiration and influences
Genesis has taken influence from a wide range of music, ranging from classical music to mainstream rock and
jazz. Banks drew influence from Alan Priceof The Animals, whom he regarded as " [t] he first person who made me aware of the organ in a rock context"." [http://www.genesis-path.net/artMC7604.html Genesis's Banks — A Current Account] ". Beat Instrumental, April 1976. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] Collins has cited Buddy Richand the jazz outfits The Mahavishnu Orchestraand Weather Report, while Gabriel's early career with Genesis took influence from Nina Simoneand King Crimson. [http://www.genesis-music.com/news/news.php?uid=28 "The Genesis File"] . Melody Maker, 16 December 1972. Retrieved on 25 March 2007.]
As a group that influenced the growth of the progressive rock genre, Genesis has been cited by a number of progressive rock groups, including
Marillion, [ cite web|url=http://mstation.org/Marillion_interview.php |title=Interview: Steve Hogarth of Marillion |accessdate=2008-01-17 |work=Mstation.org ] Dream Theater, [ cite web|url=http://www.dreamtheater.net/news_rudess.php |title=Jordan Rudess News |accessdate=2008-01-17 |last=Bredius |first=Mark |work=Dream Theater - The Official Site |publisher= Dream Theater] [ cite web|url=http://www.auxportesdumetal.com/interviews/jordanrudess-uk.html |title=Interview of Jordan Rudess |accessdate=2008-01-17 |work=Aux Portes Du Métal ] Camel and Kansas.Fact|date=January 2008. Several Genesis tribute bands, including Re-Genesisand The Musical Box and Face Valueroutinely perform material from the Peter Gabriel and Phil Collins eras.
Collins became the first artist to cover a Genesis song in a studio release—"Behind the Lines"—which he included on "Face Value" one year after the original's release. Other former members previously and subsequently performed the band's material live during their solo shows—Gabriel played "The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway" and "Back in NYC", while Hackett has performed "In That Quiet Earth", "Los Endos", "Horizons", "Firth of Fifth" and "Blood on the Rooftops", among others. Hackett has performed "I Know What I Like (In Your Wardrobe)" on his own solo tours, and on a 1986 tour with his short lived supergroup GTR. Rutherford has performed "
I Can't Dance" during his tours with the Mechanics. Collins also later formed The Phil Collins Big Band, which played jazz arrangements of Genesis songs, which were "That's All", "Invisible Touch", "Hold On My Heart" and "Los Endos" (renamed "The Los Endos Suite"), during its 1998 world tour. Ray Wilson has covered the most Genesis songs during his solo concerts. His two solo live albums, "Live" and "Life and Acoustic", feature the Genesis songs "The Carpet Crawlers", "Follow You Follow Me", "I Can't Dance", "The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway", " No Son of Mine", "Shipwrecked", and "Mama". He has interpreted two songs from the solo careers of his two predecessors—" In the Air Tonight" (Collins) and "Biko" (Gabriel). Jeff Buckleyreworked "Back in NYC" for the posthumously released 1998 " Sketches for My Sweetheart the Drunk". The Swedish death metalband In Flamescovered " Land of Confusion" on "Trigger", as did Disturbedon their 2005 album " Ten Thousand Fists". Disco-pop band Alcazar, also from Sweden, has covered parts of "Land of Confusion" on their song "This is the World We Live In". Dream Theatercovered " Turn It On Again" as part of their song "The Big Medley". In 2007, Simon Collinsrecorded his own version of "Keep It Dark" as a tribute to the 40th anniversary of his father's band.
Beyond purely musical ventures, the theatrical style of Genesis's 1970s concerts with Gabriel and advanced lighting of their 1980s shows have provided inspiration for
Cirque du Soleil's productions: the 2004 anniversary show "Midnight Sun" and the arena-based touring show "Delirium" trace their musical and multimedia elements back to these concerts. According to Victor Pilon, co-creator and co-director of both shows, "We're not inventing anything. Genesis did it years ago. We're just using new technology."Citation | last=Vlessing | first=Etan | author-link= | year=March 2006 | title=Cirque du Soleil's 'Delirium' | periodical=Amusement Business | volume=118 | issue=5 | pages=38 | id=ISSN 0003-2344 | url= ]
Album cover art
The band's album covers often incorporate complex and intricate art intended to reflect the themes explored in the music. The initial release of the band's first album, "
From Genesis to Revelation", used a plain black sleeve with "Genesis" written in a green gothic typeface. The three subsequent album covers were developed by the popular Charisma Recordsgraphic artist Paul Whitehead. The "Foxtrot" sleeve depicts a feminine figure in a red dress with the head of a fox. Whitehead has said in an interview that Jimi Hendrix's " Foxy Lady" was an inspiration for the character.Christopulos, Jim. " [http://www.vandergraafgenerator.co.uk/paulw.htm Paul Whitehead interview] ". vandergraafgenerator.co.uk. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.]
The cover for "Selling England by the Pound" was painted by
Betty Swanwick. Peter Gabriel saw the original drawing, called "The Dream", at an exhibition and asked Swanwick to modify it for use as the album cover. Most notably, Swanwick added a lawnmower to the image in order to tie the painting to the lyrics of "I Know What I Like (In Your Wardrobe)".Gallo, Armando. "I Know What I Like: The Evolution of a Rock Band."]
After Whitehead moved to Los Angeles, Genesis signed with the art collective
Hipgnosis, whose artists had created high profile album covers for Pink Floyd's " Dark Side of the Moon" and Led Zeppelin's " Houses of the Holy". Hipgnosis's first Genesis album cover was for "The Lamb", which featured a male model, credited simply as "Omar", portraying the album's protagonist "Rael".
Through the rest of the 1970s, various Hipgnosis artists—among whom Colin Elgie contributed heavily—designed all Genesis studio albums. The "Trick of the Tail" cover depicts the characters from the album songs, including the robber from "Robbery, Assault and Battery", the beast from the title track, and a
metaphoric image of old age reminiscing on youth from the song "Ripples". Beginning with "Duke", Genesis albums have featured artwork designed by Bill Smith Studios. The band's highest-selling album "Invisible Touch", features the artwork of Assorted Images, which had previously designed sleeves for Simple Minds, Duran Duranand Culture Club. The "We Can't Dance" cover art features the work of Felicity Roma Bowers, and is reminiscent of "Wind & Wuthering", now presented in hazy watercolour. The "Calling All Stations" and the compilation "Turn It On Again: The Hits" sleeves were designed by Wherefore Art?.
Early incarnations of Genesis were often targets for criticism during the 1970s. An article in "
Q Magazine" describes a 1977 Ray Lowrycartoon which depicted an arena of "either asleep, moribund, [or] comatose" fans watching a live Genesis performance, with the band's name emblazoned on a banner above the stage reading "GENESNOOZE".Maconie, Stuart. " [http://www.genesis-path.net/art94-12 "Genesis: The Loathed and Loved"] ". "Q Magazine", December 1994. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.]
More specifically, some in Britain - especially supporters of the punk movement - regarded Genesis in particular, but also the genre more generally, as overtly
middle class(paying particular attention to Gabriel, Banks and Rutherford's private education), and claimed that rock music was being taken away from the working class, whom they regarded as its core audience. But Peter Gabriel is quoted as saying in a Genesis biography that their audience was a "mixture of social classes" and that that accusation was a fabrication of the critics. ["The Book of Genesis", by Hugh Fielder 1984 ISBN 0 312 08880 9]
Gabriel's theatrics were unpalatable to some of the mainstream rock audience, resulting in a cult following rather than mainstream.Welch (1995), p. 37] This was exemplified during live performances of Gabriel's last Genesis album, "The Lamb Lies Down On Broadway", during which he appeared on stage as various characters in the album's lyrics. The elaborate storyline for "The Lamb" proved difficult to understand and accept, and caused a bit of friction within the band.Welch (1995), P. 37] Collins later recalled that "he'd be in a Slipperman costume trying to get a mic anywhere near his throat, and be out of breath - all twisted up. Towards the end I felt the singing wasn't really being heard; the songs weren't really being heard". [ name=autodiscography ]
Conversely, the band's transition from lengthy, complex songs to more compact, radio friendly material was not welcomed by critics; "Rolling Stone""s review of "...And Then There Were Three..." read: "(. . .) this contemptible opus is but the palest shadow of the group's earlier accomplishments.".Bloom, Michael. [http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/genesis/albums/album/104990/rid/5944592/ "And Then There Were Three"] . "Rolling Stone", 10 August 1978. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.] Collins himself has often been blamed for the band's transformation, in part as he plays much the same type of music as a solo artist. "I don't feel we've bastardised the way we were", Collins remarked in an interview with "Music Express": "on a generous day I'll blame me for the change, but I just think it is us growing up, listening to different things"." [http://www.philcollins.co.uk/musicexpress90.htm Phil Collins Interviews] ". "Music Express", 1990. Retrieved on 23 March 2007.]
Tony Banks addressed criticism of the group in a 1991 interview with Rolling Stone, saying "Well, we've never been fashionable." Phil Collins summed up in the same interview, "We know that people like us, because our records sell."
List of Genesis awards
The Farm (recording studio)
* [http://www.genesis-music.com Official Genesis Website]
* [http://www.wheninromedvd.com Official 'When In Rome' Microsite]
* [http://www.facebook.com/pages/Genesis-Official/14923463205 Official Genesis Facebook Page]
* [http://www.youtube.com/OfficialGenesis Official Genesis YouTube Channel]
* [http://www.ilike.com/artist/Genesis Official Genesis iLike Profile]
* [http://www.petergabriel.com Official Peter Gabriel Website]
* [http://www.philcollins.co.uk Official Phil Collins Website]
* [http://www.stevehackett.com Official Steve Hackett Website]
* [http://www.chesterthompson.com Official Chester Thompson Website]
* [http://www.anthonyphillips.co.uk Official Anthony Phillips Website]
* [http://www.raywilson.net/2006/rwsl/rwsl/ Official Ray Wilson Website]
* [http://www.darylstuermer.com Official Daryl Stuermer Website]
* [http://www.themarqueeclub.net/genesis Genesis and The Marquee Club]
* [http://www.billbruford.com Official Bill Bruford Website]
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