Dravya



Babylonian

  Wind  
Sea Fire Sky
  Earth  

Greek

  Air  
Water Aether Fire
  Earth  

Hinduism (Tattva) and
Buddhism (Mahābhūta)

  Vayu  
Ap Akasha Agni
  Prithvi  

Chinese (Wuxing)

  Wood (木)  
Water (水) Earth (土) Fire (火)
  Metal (金)  

Japanese (Godai)

  Air (風)  
Water (水) Void (空) Fire (火)
  Earth (地)  

Tibetan (Bön)

  Air  
Water Aether Fire
  Earth  

Medieval Alchemy

  Air  
Water Aether Fire
  Earth
Sulphur Mercury Salt

Dravya, in Indian Philosophy is a concept referring to "substance", or that of which something is composed. In the Nyaya system there are nine of these systems: prithivi, ap, tejas, vayu, akasa, kala, dis, manas, and atman. In the Jain system there are six: jiva, dharma, adharma, pudgala, kala, and akasa.[1][2]

Its equivalanet term in Jainism, also gives rise to the title Dravyasamgraha (Compendium of substances), a 10th century Jain text by Acharya Nemichandra.

References



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • dravya — ▪ Jainism Sanskrit“substance”       a fundamental concept of Jainism, a religion of India that is the oldest Indian school of philosophy to separate matter and soul completely. The Jains recognize the existence of five astikayas (eternal… …   Universalium

  • dravya — द्रव्य …   Indonesian dictionary

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  • dravya-devatā — द्रव्यदेवता …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dravya-dīpaka — द्रव्यदीपक …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dravya-dvaita — द्रव्यद्वैत …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dravya-gaṇa — द्रव्यगण …   Indonesian dictionary


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