- Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents
The Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents is one of a series of conventions of the
Hague Conference on Private International Law. It was signed by the original signatories on October 5, 1961. It specifies the modalities through which a document issued in one of the signatory countries can be certified for legal purposes in all the other signatory states. Such a certification is called an apostille. It is an international certification comparable to a notarisation and is often added to documents that have been in some manner signed by a Notary, lawyer or other public official such as the clerk of a court of recordin their official capacity.
States which have not signed the Convention must specify how foreign legal documents can be certified for its use. Sometimes two countries will have a special treaty concerning the recognition of each others documents, but this is not common. When the country issuing or receiving the document does not recognise an
apostille, usually the document will have to be taken to the consulate of the foreign country you need to certify it. It may need to be certified by the highest government official in the country where it originated, such as the Secretary of State or Minister of Foreign Affairs, before being accepted by the consular officer of the foreign country, this process is known as chain authenticationas an unbroken chain of government officials each certifies the signature (and seal in some cases) of the prior official in the first country and the consular officer then certifies that the document should be recognized as authentic in the country of destination. Usually that consular officer's signature can be authenticated in the country of destination as well.
United States, apostilles are usually affixed by the secretary of state in each US state or territory. It may be necessary for an intermediary official to affix a certification that the original signatory (notary or clerk) was authorized to sign the public document, leading to a complex process for obtaining the apostille.
Parties to the convention
A full updated list of signatures can be found at the web site of the Hague Conference on Private International Law [ [http://www.hcch.net/index_en.php?act=conventions.status&cid=41 HCCH | Status table ] ] . Note that not all members of the Hague Conference have contracted into the convention and some non-member states have contracted into it [ [http://www.hcch.net/index_en.php?act=publications.details&pid=3771&dtid=28 HCCH | Publications ] ] !
* [http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=41 Hague Conference: full text of Convention #12]
* [http://travel.state.gov/law/info/judicial/judicial_2545.html What is an "Apostille"]
* [http://thomascrampton.com/2007/05/17/getting-a-ny-birth-certificate-with-apostille/ The complexities of getting an apostille in New York]
* [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/pre/precom/comidx.htm How to obtain in person or by mail in Massachusetts]
* [http://www.fco.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1007029391440 British Foreign and Commonwealth Office website on Legalisation]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Hague Convention — The Hague Convention(s) may refer to:* Hague Conventions (1899 and 1907), among the first formal statements of the laws of war and war crimes in international law * International Opium Convention, the first international drug control treaty,… … Wikipedia
Apostille convention — Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents … Wikipedia
List of Hague Conventions on Private International Law — This is a list of Conventions signed at The Hague by member states of the Hague Conference on Private International Law.Conventions adopted before 1945*Convention of 12 June 1902 relating to the settlement of the conflict of the laws concerning… … Wikipedia
Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office — The Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office (CAIPO) is a Barbadian governmental agency in charge of various aspects of industrial property right affairs including: patents, trademarks, and industrial designs. It is a division of the… … Wikipedia
Certified copy — For the 2010 French film, see Certified Copy (film). A certified copy is a copy (often a photocopy) of a primary document, that has on it an endorsement or certificate that it is a true copy of the primary document. It does not certify that the… … Wikipedia
Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia — Infobox vice regal province = British Columbia shield = Shield BC.png incumbent = Steven Point his/her = His appointed by = Michaëlle Jean first lg = Joseph Trutch date = July 20, 1871The Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia is the vice regal… … Wikipedia
Apostille — An apostille, or postil, is properly a gloss on a scriptural text, particularly on a gospel text; however, it has come to mean an explanatory note on other writings. The word is also applied to a general commentary, and also to a homily or… … Wikipedia
October 1961 — January – February – March – April – May – June – July – August – September – October – November – December The following events occurred in October 1961: Contents 1 October 1, 1961 (Sunday) 2 October 2, 1961 (Monday) … Wikipedia
Legalization (of a document) — In international law, legalization is the process of certifying a document so that it will be recognized by the legal system of a foreign country. The process is used routinely in international commerce. The procedure for legalizing a foreign… … Wikipedia