- Three Sisters (agriculture)
The Three Sisters are the three main agricultural crops of some Native American groups in
North America: squash, maize, and climbing beans (typically tepary beans or common beans).
In one technique known as
companion planting, the three crops are planted close together. Flat-topped mounds of soil are built for each cluster of crops. Each mound is about 30 cm (1 ft) high and 50 cm (20 in) wide, and several maize seeds are planted close together in the center of each mound. In parts of the Atlantic Northeast, rotten fish or eel are buried in the mound with the maize seeds, to act as additional fertilizer where the soil is poor. [ [http://www.abc.net.au/northcoast/stories/s1485865.htm "The Three Sisters."] Phil Dudman. October 19, 2005. ABC North Coast NSW.] [ [http://www.motherearthnews.com/Nature-and-Environment/2001-02-01/The-Three-Sisters.aspx "The Three Sisters."] John Vivian. February/March 2001. Mother Earth News.] When the maize is 15 cm (6 inches) tall, beans and squash are planted around the maize, alternating between beans and squash. Milpas are farms or gardens that employ companion planting on a larger scale. [Mann, Charles. "1491". 2005. pp. 220-221. Vintage Books.]
The three crops benefit from each other. The maize provides a structure for the beans to climb, eliminating the need for poles. The beans provide the
nitrogento the soilthat the other plants utilize and the squash spreads along the ground, monopolizing the sunlightto prevent weeds. The squash leaves act as a "living mulch," creating a microclimateto retain moisture in the soil, and the prickly hairs of the vine deter pests.
* [http://www.evergreen.ca/en/lg/h-corn.html History of the Three Sisters: Corn, Beans and Squash]
* [http://www.naz.edu:9000/~ethnobot/ebot2003/kevinwhite/materialuse/threesister.gifArtistic Rendition]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Three Sisters — may be:Theatre* Three Sisters (play), a play by Anton Chekhov ** Three Sisters (film), a 1970 film adaptation ** Tri Sestry (film), a Russian 1994 film adaptationAustralia*Three Sisters (Australia), a rock formation near Katoomba, NSW *The Three… … Wikipedia
Agriculture in Mesoamerica — Varieties of maize Agriculture in Mesoamerica dates to the Archaic period of Mesoamerican chronology (8000 2000 BC). During this period, many of the hunter gatherer micro bands in the region began to cultivate wild plants. The cultivation of… … Wikipedia
Industrial agriculture (crops) — Agriculture General … Wikipedia
Trois sœurs (agriculture) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Three Sisters et Trois sœurs. La courge … Wikipédia en Français
Goodale Sisters — Elaine Goodale Eastman (1863 1953) and Dora Read Goodale (1866 1953) were American poets and sisters, who published their first poetry as children still living at home, and were included in Edmund Clarence Stedman s classic An American Anthology… … Wikipedia
Nodena Phase — The Nodena Phase and some of its associated sites The Nodena Phase is an archaeological phase in eastern Arkansas and southeastern Missouri of the Late Mississippian culture which dates from about 1400–1650 CE. The Nodena Phase is known from a… … Wikipedia
Woodland period — The Woodland period of North American pre Columbian cultures was from roughly 1000 BCE to 1000 CE in the eastern part of North America. The term Woodland Period was introduced in the 1930s as a generic header for prehistoric sites falling between … Wikipedia
Choctaw — For other uses, see Choctaw (disambiguation). Choctaw Choctaw portraits Total population 160,000 … Wikipedia
Natchez people — Natchez Pre contact distribution of Natchez peoples Total population 6,000 … Wikipedia
Mississippian culture — A map showing approximate areas of various Mississippian and related cultures. The Mississippian culture was a mound building Native American culture that flourished in what is now the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States from… … Wikipedia