Report of Van Fleet Mission to Far East
The Report of Van Fleet Mission to the Far East is a secret report drafted by
James Van Fleet, a US special mission ambassador, after a round of visits to South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and the Philippines, and sent to the 34th U.S. President Dwight Eisenhowerin 1954. The report was declassified in 1986.
The following points are based on the
Rusk documentsabout the Syngman Rhee line, and the South Korean claims on the Liancourt Rocks, as a U.S. Government formal position on the San Francisco treaty.
* The unilateral declaration of territorial waters (Syngman Rhee line) is illegal. [ The United States Government has consistently taken the position that the unilateral proclamation of sovereignty over the seas is illegal and that the fisheries dispute between Japan and Korea should be settled on the basis of a fisheries conservation agreement that would protect the interests of both countries. ]
* Liancourt Rocks are Japanese territory according to the
San Francisco Treaty. [When the Treaty of Peace with Japan was being drafted, the Republic of Korea asserted its claims to Dokto but the United States concluded that they remained under Japanese sovereignty and the Island was not included among the Islands that Japan released from its ownership under the Peace Treaty.]
* The Liancourt Rocks territorial dispute should to be solved through the
International Court of Justice. [Our position has been that the dispute might properly be referred to the International Court of Justice and this suggestion has been informally conveyed to the Republic of Korea.]
This timeline describes the the background of the drafting of this report.
* June 25,
1950: Korean war breaks out.
1951: Cease-fire talks start, and immediately prove very difficult.
1951: Dean Rusksends an official message to the South Korea ambassador, which outlines the final U.S. Government position (see Rusk documents).
1952: The Syngman Rhee lineis declared, marking the beginning of the Liancourt Rocksdispute.
1952: The treaty of peace with Japan ( Treaty of San Francisco) is concluded, formalizing the independence of Korea.
1953: Agreement on a Korean war armistice. South Korea does not attend signing ceremony.
1954: The secret Report of Van Fleet Mission to The Far East, by James A. Van Fleet, is delivered to the US President.
1954: The Japanese government lodges a complaint with the International Court of Justice against South Korea for illegally taking possession of the Liancourt Rocksand the surrounding waters. The South Korean government does not respond.
yngman Rhee line
The unilateral territorial-waters declaration (
Syngman Rhee line) is illegal.
The opinion as the so-called "peace line" of the South Korean government:a. Conservation of valuable marine resources in Korea's coastal waters :b. Elimination of future friction between Korea and Japan with respect to fisheries resources:c. Sea defence against Communist infiltration. It has indicated you know if you see especially c. Although a time background and efforts are felt for the opinion of the South Korean government of those days. But one conclusion is: :"The United States Government has consistently taken the position that the unilateral proclamation of sovereignty over the seas is illegal and that the fisheries dispute between Japan and Korea should be settled on the basis of a fisheries conservation agreement that would protect the interests of both countries."
Liancourt Rocks territorial problem
Liancourt Rocks territorial problem is wanted to be solved through the
International Court of Justice.
The report says:
"Our position has been that the dispute might properly be referred to the International Court of Justice and this suggestion has been informally conveyed to the Republic of Korea."
Syngman Rhee line
* [http://news.naver.com/hotissue/ranking_read.php?office_id=022&article_id=0000153824 "미국, 한국전직후 "독도는 일본땅" 일방결론"] ,
Segye Ilbo, 2006-03-27.
*Translation of the above Segye Ilbo article in English: [http://www.rjkoehler.com/?p=2615 "U.S. recognized Japanese claims on Dokdo!"] ,
The Marmot's Hole, March 27, 2006.
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