Lushootseed (also xʷəlšucid, dxʷləšúcid, Puget Salish, Puget Sound Salish, Skagit-Nisqually) is the language or dialect continuum of several Salish
Native American groups of modern-day Washington state. Lushootseed is a member of Coast Salish, one of the two main divisions of the Salishan language group.

Lushootseed, like its neighbour Twana, is in the Southern Coast Salish subgroup of the Salishan family of languages. The language was spoken by many Puget Sound region peoples, including the Duwamish, Steilacoom, Suquamish, Squaxin Island Tribe, Nisqually, and Puyallup in the south and the Snohomish, Stillaguamish, Skagit, and Swinomish in the north.

The language is noteworthy for its lack of nasal consonants, especially as it, like other Northwest Coast languages, contains a very large number of consonants.


Lushootseed consists of two dialect groups which can be further divided into subdialects:

* "Northern Lushootseed"
** Snohomish (at Tulalip)
** Lower Skagit-Swinomish (on Skagit River and on Whidbey Island)
** Upper Skagit [Van Eijk, Jan. "The Lillooet Language: Phonology, Morphology, Syntax", UBC Press, 1985, p.xxiv.]
** Sauk-Suiattle (on Sauk River and Suiattle River] )
* "Southern Lushootseed"
** Skykomish
** Snoqualmie
** Steilacoom
** Suquamish
** Duwamish
** Muckleshoot (on Green and White rivers)
** Puyallup
** Nisqually
** Sahewamish

The division into Northern and Southern groups is based on vocabulary and stress patterns. More accurately, the dialects form a cline.

ome Vocabulary

outhern Lushootseed Salmonid Vocabulary

;IPA|ačədádxʷ : a word that covers all Pacific salmon and some species of trout.;IPA|sác̓əb : Chinook or King;IPA|x̌ʔəwádxʷ : sockeye salmon;IPA|sq̓ə́čqs : coho salmon;IPA|ƛ̕xʷáy : chum salmon;IPA|hədúʔ : the pink salmon;IPA|qíw̓x̌ : steelhead;IPA|pədkʷəxʷic : coho season;IPA|sc̓áy’t : gills;IPA|ɬičáʔa : nets;IPA|ɬičaʔalikʷ : net fishing;IPA|ʔálil tiʔíɬ ƛ̕usq̓íl : spawning season;IPA|skʷəlúb : body fat;IPA|sč̕ət̓šáds : tailfin;IPA|t̓áltəd : fillet knife;IPA|sq̓wəlús : fish dried for storage;IPA|səlúsqid : fish heads;IPA|qəlx̌ : dried salmon eggs;IPA|ƛ̕ə́bƛ̕əbqʷ : fresh eggs;IPA|sɬúʔb : dried chum;IPA|sxʷúdzəʔdaliɬəd : fish with a large amount of body fat;IPA|xʷšábús : lightly smoked


External links

* [ The Tulalip Lushootseed Department's Website]
* [ History professor helps keep local Native American language alive] by Drew Brown for "PLU Scene" Magazine
* [ Lushootseed Peoples of Puget Sound Country]
* [ Ethnologue report]
* [ Rosetta Project: Basic Phonology and Morphology]

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