The Malabar region lies along the southwest coast of
Indiaand forms the northern part of the present-day state of Kerala. Malayalamis the chief language of the region.
The Malabar region is in
southern Indiabetween the Western Ghatsand the Arabian Sea, making up the northern half of the state of Kerala. Geographically the name is sometimes extended to the entire southwestern coast of peninsular Indiato the area called the Malabar Coastor the Malabari Coast . The land is tropical wet forests typical of southwestern India.
The ancestors of today's Dravidian population have inhabited the Malabar region for centuries. The region formed part of the ancient kingdom of Chera. It became part of the
Hindu Vijayanagara empirein the 15th century. With the breakup of the empire in the mid-16th century, the Malabur region came under the rule of a number of local chieftains notably the Kolathirisof Kannur, Zamorinsof Calicut, and the Valluvokonathirisof Walluvanad. In the 18th century, during the Anglo-Mysore Wars, the Malabar region came under British rule.
When the Anglo-Mysore wars concluded, the Malabar region became part of a province of
British Indiaknown as the Madras Presidency. This province included the present-day Hosdurg Taluk of Kasaragode district, Kannur District, Kozhikode District, Wayanad District, Malappuram District, most of Palakkad Districtand a small part of Thrissur District.The administrative headquarters was in Calicut, known today as Kozhikode.
With India's independence, Madras Presidency was renamed
Madras State. It was subsequently split up along linguistic lines in 1953. Under the States Reorganisation Actof 1956, the states of Keralaand Mysorewere carved out of the Madras state and the remaining part was renamed Tamil Nadu.
The Malabar region was included in Kerala state in the reorganisation.
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