PlayStation Portable


PlayStation Portable

Infobox CVG system
title = PSP (PlayStation Portable)



manufacturer = Sony Computer Entertainment
family = PlayStation
type = Handheld game console
generation = Seventh generation era
lifespan = vgrelease|JP=December 12, 2004vgrelease|NA=March 24, 2005vgrelease|PAL=September 1, 2005
CPU = MIPS R4000-based; clocked from 1 to 333 MHz
media = UMD
storage = Memory Stick PRO Duo
connectivity = Wi-Fi (802.11b), [cite web | url=https://store.station.sony.com/hardgood.jsp?SKU=PSP1R-HG-SW0206-UNLGDS | publisher=Sony | title=Untold Legends: The Warrior's Code | accessdate=2007-06-07] IrDA, USB
unitssold =
unitsshipped= Worldwide: 41 million (as of August 20, 2008)cite web |url=http://au.ps3.ign.com/articles/899/899988p1.html |title=GC 2008: Sony Press Conference Live Blog |author=Ryan Clements, David Clayman |date=2008-08-20 |publisher=IGN |accessdate=2008-08-20] (details)
topgame = "Monster Hunter Portable 2nd G", 2.4 million (as of June 30, 2008) [cite web |url=http://ir.capcom.co.jp/english/data/million.html |title=Platinum Titles |publisher=Capcom |accessdate=2008-08-12 |date=2008-06-30]
successor = PlayStation Portable Slim and Lite (redesign)

The PlayStation Portable (officially abbreviated PSP) [cite web| url=http://www.us.playstation.com/psp/about| title=PSP - About| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-12] is a handheld game console manufactured and marketed by Sony Computer Entertainment.cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/psp/about/specs| title=PSP Technical Specifications| publisher="Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-12] Development of the console was first announced during E3 2003,cite web|url=http://ps2.ign.com/articles/402/402220p1.html| title=E3 2003: Sony Goes Handheld!| date=2003-05-13| publisher=IGN| accessdate=2008-03-12] and it was unveiled on May 11, 2004 at a Sony press conference before E3 2004. [cite web| url=http://www.jsonline.com/story/index.aspx?id=228760| title=Sony aims to take on rivals| first=Stanley A.| last=Miller II| date=2004-05-11| publisher=Milwaukee Journal Sentinel| accessdate=2008-03-12] The system was released in Japan on December 12, 2004, [cite web|url=http://www.1up.com/do/newsStory?cId=3137199| title=PSP Japanese launch impressions| date=2004-12-11|publisher=1UP| accessdate=2008-03-12] in North America on March 24, 2005,cite web| url=http://www.gamespot.com/news/2005/03/24/news_6121009.html| title=The US PSP Launch| date=2005-03-24| first=Tor| last=Thorsen| publisher=GameSpot| accessdate=2008-03-12] and in the PAL region on September 1, 2005. [cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_4200000/newsid_4202900/4202934.stm| title=Sony PSP launches across Europe| date=2005-09-01| publisher=The BBC| accessdate=2008-03-12]

The PlayStation Portable is the first handheld video game console to use an optical disc format, Universal Media Disc (UMD), as its primary storage media. [cite web|url=http://www.gamedaily.com/games/playstation-portable/psp/game-news/e3-2003-psp-press-release/4356/3143/| title=E3 2003: PSP Press Release| date=2003-12-31|publisher=gamedaily.com| accessdate=2008-03-12] [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/Support/PSP/Movies/default.html| title=Support - PSP - Movies| publisher="Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-12] Other distinguishing features of the console include its large viewing screen, [cite web|url=http://gear.ign.com/articles/599/599454p1.html| title=Sony PSP vs. Nintendo DS| date=2005-03-28| first=Chris| last=Roper| publisher=IGN| accessdate=2008-03-12] robust multi-media capabilities, [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/PSP/About/Multimedia| title=PSP - About - Multimedia| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-12] and connectivity with the PlayStation 3, other PSPs, and the Internet. [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/ps3/current/remoteplay/remoteplay.html| title=User's Guide - Remote Play| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-12] [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/Support/PSP/ConnectingToInternet/default.html| title=Support - PSP - Connecting to the Internet| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-12]

Despite the console's superior computing power and its multimedia capabilities, sales have consistently lagged behind its main competitor, the Nintendo DS. [cite web|url=http://gizmodo.com/gadgets/psp-vs-ds/8-reasons-why-the-psp-might-overtake-the-ds-327596.php| title=8 reasons why the PSP might overtake the DS| date=2007-11-29| publisher=Gizmodo| accessdate=2008-03-12] After the release of a remodeled, slimmer, and lighter version of the PlayStation Portable, appropriately titled Slim and Lite, in early September 2007, sales quadrupled in the United Kingdom the following week and increased by nearly 200% in North America for the month of October. [cite web|url=http://www.gamasutra.com/php-bin/news_index.php?story=15555 |title=PSP Slim Release Quadruples UK Sales| date=2007-09-21| publisher=Gamasutra| accessdate=2008-03-12] [cite web|url=http://www.1up.com/do/newsStory?cId=3163779| title=September NPD| date=2007-10-18| last=Klepek| first=Patrick| publisher=1UP| accessdate=2008-03-12]

History

Sony first announced development of the PlayStation Portable at a press conference before E3 2003.cite web|url=http://www.eurogamer.net/article.php?article_id=50290| title=E3 2003: Sony announces PlayStation Portable| date=2003-05-13| first=Tom| last=Bramwell| publisher=Eurogamer| accessdate=2008-03-13] Although mock-ups of the system were not present at the press conference or E3, Sony did release extensive technical details regarding the new console. [cite web|url=http://www.gamedaily.com/games/playstation-portable/psp/game-news/e3-2003-psp-press-release/4356/3143/| title=E3 2003: PSP press release| date=2003-12-31| publisher=gamedaily.com| accessdate=2008-03-13] Then-CEO of Sony Computer Entertainment Ken Kutaragi called the device the "Walkman of the 21st Century" in a reference to the console's multimedia capabilities. [cite web|url=http://www.gamespot.com/news/6027470.html| title=Sony announces PSP handheld| date=2003-05-13| first=Sam| last=Parker| publisher=GameSpot| accessdate=2008-03-13] Several gaming websites were impressed by the handheld's computing capabilities and looked forward to the system's potential as a gaming platform. [cite web|url=http://www.ps2fantasy.com/news/200305/1052852413.php| title=E3 2003: More details about the PSP| date=2003-05-13| publisher=ps2fantasy.com| accessdate=2008-03-13]

The first concept images of the PlayStation Portable appeared in November 2003 at the Sony Corporate Strategy Meeting and showed a PSP with flat buttons and no analog stick. [cite web|url=http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=2514| title=Sony's PSP concept model causes a stir| date=2005-11-05| last=Fahey| first=Rob| publisher=gamesindustry.biz| accessdate=2008-03-13] Although some expressed concern over the lack of an analog joystick, [cite web|url=http://gameboy.ign.com/articles/457/457945p1.html| title=PSP Concept System| date=2003-11-04| last=Harris| first=Craig| publisher=IGN accessdate=2008-03-13] these fears were allayed when the PSP was officially unveiled at the Sony press conference during E3 2004.cite web|url=http://psp.ign.com/articles/513/513175p1.html| title=The PSP FAQ| date=2004-05-28| publisher=IGN| accessdate=2008-03-13] In addition to announcing more details about the system and its accessories,cite web|url=http://www.gamespot.com/news/2004/05/11/news_6097116.html| title=Sony shows off the PSP at E3| date=2004-05-11| first=Tor| last=Thorsen| publisher=GameSpot| accessdate=2008-03-13] Sony also released a list of 99 developer companies that had pledged support for the new handheld. [cite web|url=http://play.tm/story/3562| title=E3 2004: Sony debut eagerly-awaited PSP handheld| date=2004-05-11| first=Luke| last=Guttridge| publisher=play.tm| accessdate=2008-03-13] Several PSP game demos, such as Konami's Metal Gear Acid and SCE Studio Liverpool's Wipeout Pure were also shown at the conference. [cite web|url=http://www.gamepro.com/sony/psp/hardware/features/35590.shtml| title=PSP Hands-On and Software Lineup [E3 2004] | date=2004-05-14| publisher=Gamepro.com| accessdate=2008-03-13]

Launch

On October 17, 2004, Sony announced that the PSP would launch in Japan on December 12, 2004 at a price of ¥19,800 (about US$181 in 2004) for the base model and ¥24,800 (about US$226 in 2004) for the Value System.cite web|url=http://psp.ign.com/articles/560/560947p1.html| title=Japanese Price and Date set| date=2004-10-17| publisher=IGN| accessdate=2008-03-15] The console's launch was a success with over 200,000 units sold the first day. [cite web|url=http://arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20041213-4458.html| title=200k pretty sweet purchases during Sony's Japan PSP launch| date=2004-12-13| first=Fred| last=Locklear| publisher=Ars Technica| accessdate=2008-03-15]

Sony announced on February 3, 2005, that the PSP would go on sale in North America on March 24, 2005 in one configuration for a MSRP of US$249/CA$299. [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/News/PressReleases/250| title=PSP™ (PlayStation® Portable) set to release on March 24 across North America| date=2005-02-03| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-15] Some expressed concern over the high price, [cite web|url=http://psp.ign.com/articles/584/584983p1.html| title=PSP US Launch Date and Price Revealed| date=2005-02-03| first=Matt| last=Casamassina| publisher=IGN| accessdate=2008-03-15] which was almost US$20 higher than the system's price in Japan and more than $100 higher than the recently launched Nintendo DS. [cite web|url=http://www.theregister.co.uk/2005/02/04/sony_psp_us_launch/| title=Sony names US PSP launch date, price| date=2005-02-04| first=Tony| last=Smith| publisher=The Register| accessdate=2008-03-15] Despite the concerns, the PSP's North American launch was a success, [cite web|url=http://psp.ign.com/articles/598/598595p1.html| title=PSP Launch: The Sony Metreon| date=2005-03-24| publisher=IGN| accessdate=2008-03-15] [cite web|url=http://www.gamespot.com/news/2005/03/24/news_6121009.html| title=Spot On: The US PSP Launch| date=2005-03-24| author=Thorsen, Tor; Tim Surette| publisher=GameSpot| accessdate=2008-03-15] although reports two weeks later indicated that the system was not selling as well as expected despite Sony's claim that 500,000 units had been sold in the first two days. [cite web|url=http://www.technewsworld.com/story/42013.html| title=Sony PSP Sales get off to lackluster start| date=2004-04-05| first=Jay| last=Lyman| publisher=technewsworld.com| accessdate=2008-03-15] [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/News/PressReleases/268| title=PSP™ (PlayStation® Portable) sells more than a half milion units in its first two days| date=2005-04-06| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-15]

The PSP was originally to have a simultaneous PAL region and North American launch, but on March 15, 2005, Sony announced that the PAL region launch would be delayed because of high demand for the console in Japan and North America. [cite web|url=http://www.gamingworldx.com/news/PSPReleasePostponedinEurop.shtml| title=PSP Release Postponed in Europe| date=2005-03-15| publisher=GamingWorldX| accessdate=2008-03-15] A month later, on April 25, 2005, Sony announced that the PSP would launch in the PAL region on September 1, 2005 for 249/£179. [cite web|url=http://www.pocket-lint.co.uk/news/news.phtml/1154/2178/view.phtml| title=Sony sets launch date in Europe for PSP| date=2005-04-25| first=Stuart| last=Miles| publisher=pocket-lint.co.uk| accessdate=2008-03-15] Sony defended the high price, which was nearly US$100 higher than in North America, by pointing out that North American consumers had to pay local sales taxes and that the GST was higher in the UK than the US. [cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/4481991.stm| title=PSP European launch in September| date=2005-03-26| publisher=The BBC| accessdate=2008-03-15] Despite the high price, the console's PAL region launch was a resounding success, selling more than 185,000 units in the UK alone, more than doubling the previous first-day sales record of 87,000 units set by the Nintendo DS. [cite web|url=http://www.gamespot.com/news/2005/09/06/news_6132597.html| title=PSP breaks UK sales record| date=2005-09-06| first=Tim| last=Surette| publisher=GameSpot| accessdate-2008-03-15] The system also enjoyed great success in other areas of the PAL region with more than 25,000 units preordered in Australia [cite web|url=http://www.gamespot.com/news/2005/08/31/news_6132318.html| title=PSP hits Oceania and Europe| date=2005-08-31| first=Tim| last=Surette| publisher=GameSpot| accessdate=2008-03-15] and nearly one million units sold across Europe in the first week. [cite web|url=http://play.tm/story/6430| title=European PSP sells big| date=2005-09-05| first=Luke| last=Guttridge| publisher=Play.tm| accessdate=2008-03-15]

Variations

Retail configurations

The PSP is sold in two main configurations that differ in which accessories are included. The basic unit package or Base Pack (called the Core Pack in North America) contains the console, a battery, and an AC adapter.cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/psp/about/productdetails| title= PSP - About PSP - Product details| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-17] This version was available at launch in Japan and was later released in North America and Europe.cite news | url=http://psp.ign.com/articles/696/696068p1.html | title=PlayStation Portable Price Lowered to $200:New basic bundle for Sony hand held due later this month | first=Jeff| last= Haynes | publisher=IGN |date=March 15, 2006] The Core Pack currently retails for CA$/US$169.99,cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/News/PressReleases/391| title=Sony Computer Entertainment America Unveils New Price for PSP® (PlayStation®Portable)| date=2007-04-03| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-17] ¥19,800,cite web|url=http://www.jp.playstation.com/hardware/psp/| title=PSP - Hardware - PSP (Japanese)| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-17] HK$1,280 or $1,360 (depending on the color),cite web|url=http://asia.playstation.com/eng_hk/index.php?q=psp/hardware| title=PSP Hardware - PlayStation.com (Asia) - Hong Kong| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-17] S$280,cite web|url=http://asia.playstation.com/eng_sg/index.php?q=psp/hardware| title=PSP Hardware - PlayStation.com (Asia) - Singapore| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-17] AU$279.95,cite web|url=http://au.playstation.com/psp/hw/psp_base_pack.jhtml| title=PSP® (PlayStation®Portable) - Base Pack| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-18] NZ$299.95,cite web|url=http://www.nz.playstation.com/psp/hw/psp_base_pack.jhtml| title=PSP® Slim & Lite (PlayStation®Portable) Base Pack| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-17] 169.99, and £129.99.cite web|url=http://www.gamespot.com/news/6169518.html| title=Euro PSP price drops| date=2007-04-23| first=Emma| last=Boyes| publisher=GameSpot| accessdate=2008-03-17]

The Value Pack includes everything in the Base Pack as well as a 32 MB Memory Stick Pro Duo, headphones with remote control, a carrying pouch, and a wrist strap. Some regions have modified versions of this pack that include different accessories. The Value Pack retails for US$199, [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/News/PressReleases/407| title=Sony Computer Entertainment America to Offer Limited-Edition Entertainment Packs With Newly Designed PSP®(PlayStation®Portable)| date=2007-07-11| publisher=Sony Somputer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-18] ¥26,040, [cite web|url=http://www.jp.playstation.com/info/release/nr_20080304_pspj20002.html| title=PSP - Hardware - PSP (Japanese)| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=1008-03-18] HK$1660, [cite web|url=http://asia.playstation.com/eng_hk/index.php?q=psp/hardware&page=1| title=PlayStation .com - Hong Kong - PSP Hardware| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-18] AU$399.95, [cite web|url=http://au.playstation.com/psp/hw/psp_value_pack.jhtml| title=PSP® (PlayStation®Portable) - 4GB Media Manager Edition| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-18] and NZ$449.95.cite web|url=http://www.nz.playstation.com/psp/hw/psp_value_pack.jhtml| title=PSP® (PlayStation®Portable) - 4GB Media Manager Edition| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-18]

Many limited edition versions of the PSP that include various accessories, games, or movies have also been released. [cite web|url=http://www.gamespot.com/news/6136208.html| title=Sony readies new PSP bundle| date=2005-10-20| first=Tim| last=Surette| publisher=GameSpot| accessdate=2008-03-18] [cite web|url=http://reviews.cnet.com/consoles/sony-psp-star-wars/4505-10109_7-32578718.html| title=Sony PSP Star Wars Battlefront Entertainment Pack| date=2007-09-04| first=John P.| last=Falcone| publisher=CNET| accessdate=2008-03-18]

Colors

The PSP is currently available in ten colors. These include piano black, ceramic white, ice silver, rose pink, deep red, champagne gold, felicia blue, mint green, lavender purple, and metallic blue. Only the piano black model is available in all regions.cite web|url=http://www.psp-vault.com/module-htmlpages-display-pid-35.psp| title=Official PSP Colors| publisher=PSPVault.com| accessdate=2008-03-18] The ice silver, ceramic white, and deep red versions are available as stand-alone models in Asia [cite web|url=http://kotaku.com/gaming/japan/new-psp-color-deep-red-319317.php| title=New PSP color "Deep Red"| date=2007-11-06| first=Brian| last=Ashcraft| publisher=Kotaku| accessdate=2008-03-18] and as part of the "Daxter", "Star Wars Battlefront", and "God of War" entertainment packs in North America (with a Darth Vader silkscreen on the ceramic white model and a Kratos silkscreen on the deep red model). [cite web|url=http://blog.us.playstation.com/2007/07/11/we%e2%80%99re-just-getting-started%e2%80%a6/| title=We're just getting started...| date=2007-07-11| first=Jack| last=Tretton| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-18] [cite web|url=http://blog.us.playstation.com/2008/02/26/destination-playstation-news-mgs-ps3-bundle-kratos-psp-and-dualshock3-release-date-by/| title="Destination PlayStation News| date=2008-02-26| first=Al| last=De Leon| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-18] The rose pink, champagne gold, felicia blue, and lavender purple versions are only available in Asia [cite web|url=http://www.jp.playstation.com/info/release/nr_20070110_psp1000cg.html| title= Gold champagne PSP to release on February 22, 2007 (Japanese)| date=2007-01-10| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-18] and the mint green model is exclusive to Japan. [cite web|url=http://kotaku.com/342587/japan-gets-new-mint-green-psp| title=Japan gets new mint green PSP| date=2008-01-08| first=Luke| last=Plunkett| publisher=Kotaku| accessdate=2008-03-18] The metallic blue color had been discontinued, but was made available again in North America as part of the Madden NFL 09 entertainment pack. [cite web|url=http://blog.us.playstation.com/2008/08/12/madden-nfl-09-psp-entertainment-pack/| title=Madden NFL 09 PSP Entertainment Pack Now Available| date=2008-08-12| first=John| last=Koller| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-08-21] Several other special edition models, such as the camouflage PSP, have also been released. The pink and silver colors have been discontinued.

PSP Slim and Lite (2000 series)

At E3 2007, Sony announced that a new version of the PSP would be released in September 2007, for all regions. The redesigned PSP is 33% lighter and 19% thinner than the original PSP. The redesign also features composite TV output, supports charging via USB, double the onboard RAM (32 MB to 64 MB), and has a brighter screen. [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/News/PressReleases/406| title=Sony Computer Entertainment America Outlines Plans for PlayStation® Platforms at E3 2007| date=2007-07-11| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-18] It also caches UMD data in memory to decrease game loading times. The WLAN switch has been moved to the top where the old IR receiver was to avoid accidental switching, and the speakers have been moved from the bottom of the screen to nearer the top, to prevent users from accidentally blocking the speakers with their hands. [cite web|url=http://reviews.cnet.com/sony-psp/| title=Review: Sony PSP (black/slim)| date=2007-09-10| first=John P.| last=Falcone| publisher=CNET| accessdate=2008-03-18]

PSP-3000

On August 20, 2008, a revised PSP design, model 3000, was announced at a press conference in Leipzig. Based on the Slim & Lite (PSP-2000) design, [cite web |url=http://www.gamingbits.com/content/view/4616 |title=New Sony PSP-3000 Announced; Comparison to PSP-2000 |accessdate=2008-08-22 |author=Rivithed |date=2008-08-20 |publisher=Gaming Bits] the PSP-3000 features an improved LCD screen, a built-in microphone, and expanded video-out. The LCD screen features a higher contrast ratio, shorter response time, and wider color gamut, as well as anti-reflective technology for improved visibility in well-lit environments. Expanded video-out capability allows gameplay video to be output in interlaced format. The model is scheduled for release in Japan, Asia, North America and Europe in October 2008.cite press release |url=http://scei.co.jp/corporate/release/080821ae.html |title=New PSP (PlayStation Portable) Comes With Advanced High Contrast LCD Screen and Built-In Microphone |accessdate=2008-08-20 |date=2008-08-21 |publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment]

ales

As of March 31, 2007, the PSP has shipped 25.39 million units worldwide with 6.92 million in Asia, 9.58 million in North America, and 8.89 million Europe.cite web |url=http://www.scei.co.jp/corporate/data/bizdatapsp_e.html |title=PSP (PlayStation Portable) Cumulative Production Shipments of Hardware |publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment Inc |accessdate=2007-02-28] In Europe, the PSP sold 4 million units in 2006 and 3.1 million in 2007 according to estimates by Electronic Arts. [cite web |url=http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/IROL/88/88189/Q3FY08SupSeg.pdf#page=5 |title=Supplemental Segment Information |accessdate=2008-02-09 |author=Electronic Arts |date=2008-01-31 |work=Thomson Financial |pages=5 |format=PDF] [cite web |url=http://www.gamasutra.com/php-bin/news_index.php?story=17206 |title=EA Reveals European Hardware Estimates |accessdate=2008-02-09 |first=David|last= Jenkins |date=2008-02-01 |work=Gamasutra |publisher=CMP Media] In 2007, the PSP had sold 3.82 million units in the US according to the NPD Group, [cite web |url=http://www.gamedaily.com/articles/news/npd-us-video-game-industry-totals-1794-billion-halo-3-tops-all/19119/?biz=1 |title=NPD: U.S. Video Game Industry Totals $17.94 Billion, Halo 3 Tops All |accessdate=2008-08-02 |author=James Brightman |date=2008-01-17 |publisher=GameDaily] [cite web | url=http://www.gamasutra.com/php-bin/news_index.php?story=17006 | title=NPD: 2007 U.S. Game Industry Growth Up 43% To $17.9 Billion | author=Brandon Boyer | publisher=Gamasutra | accessdate=2008-08-02 | date=2008-01-18] and 3,022,659 in Japan, according to Enterbrain. [cite web |url=http://www.mcvuk.com/news/29249/SPECIAL-REPORT-Japans-2007-market-stats-in-full |title=SPECIAL REPORT: Japan’s 2007 market stats in full |accessdate=2008-08-02 |author=Neil Long |date=2008-01-07 |work=Market for Home Computing and Video Games |publisher=Intent Media] [cite web |url=http://www.gamasutra.com/php-bin/news_index.php?story=16914 |title=Wii Sports Named Best Selling Game Of 2007 In Japan |author=Jenkins, David |date=2008-01-11 |publisher=Gamasutra |accessdate=2008-08-02] In Japan, during the week of March 24 – March 30, 2008, the PSP nearly outsold all the other game consoles combined with 129,986 units sold, some of which were bundled with "Monster Hunter Portable 2nd G", [cite web |url=http://kotaku.com/375954/simple-2000-the-japanese-hardware-chart-holy-crap-psp-edition |publisher=Kotaku |title=Simple 2000: The Japanese Hardware Chart: Holy Crap, PSP Edition |author=Michael McWhertor |date=2008-04-03 |accessdate=2008-04-04] which was the best-selling game in that week, according to Media Create. [cite web |url=http://kotaku.com/375738/simple-2000-the-japanese-software-chart |publisher=Kotaku |title=Simple 2000: The Japanese Software Chart |author=Michael McWhertor |date=2008-04-03 |accessdate=2008-04-04]

Hardware

The PlayStation Portable uses the common "slab" or "candybar" form factor, measures approximately 17 x 7.3 x 2.2 cm (6.7 x 2.9 x 0.9 in), and weighs 280 grams (9.88 ounces). The front of the console is dominated by the system's 11 cm (4.3 in) LCD screen, which is capable of 480 x 272 pixel video playback with 16.77 million colors. Also on the front are the four PlayStation face buttons (, ad-hoc multiplayer gaming, and data transfer.

The PSP uses a 333 MHz MIPS R4000 (32-bit) CPU, a GPU with 2 MB onboard VRAM running at 166 MHz, and includes 32 MB main RAM and 4 MB embedded DRAM. [cite web|url=http://psp.ign.com/articles/542/542182p1.html| title=A New Tast of the PSP chips| date=2004-08-25| publisher=IGN| accessdate=2008-03-17] The CPU was originally locked to run slower than the hardware was capable of and most games ran at 222 MHz. [cite web|url=http://www.1up.com/do/newsStory?cId=3160506| title=PSP Brought up to Speed with 3.50 firmware| date=2007-06-22| first=Andrew| last=Hayward| publisher=1UP| accessdate=2008-03-17] However, with firmware update 3.50 on May 31, 2007, Sony removed this limit and allowed new games to run at a full 333 MHz. [cite web|url=http://www.shacknews.com/onearticle.x/47564| title=Sony Confirms Full PSP CPU Speed| date=2007-06-22| first=Chris| last=Faylor| publisher=Shacknews| accessdate=2008-03-17]

The PSP includes an 1800 mAh battery that will provide about 4-6 hours of gameplay, 4-5 hours of video playback, or 8-11 hours of audio playback. [cite web|url=http://psp.ign.com/articles/574/574557p6.html| title=Hard Charging: PSP Battery life – page 6| date=2004-12-20| publisher=IGN| accessdate=2008-03-17] Official accessories for the console include the AC adapter, car adapter, headset, headphones with remote control, extended-life 2200 mAh battery, battery charger, carrying case, accessories pouch and cleaning cloth, and system pouch and wrist strap. [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/PSP/Accessories| title=PSP Accessories| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-17]

oftware

ystem Software

Sony has included the ability for the operating system, referred to as the "System Software", to be updated.cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/PSP/About/SystemUpdate| title=PSP - About - System Update| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19] The updates can be downloaded directly from the Internet using the Network Update feature, or they can be downloaded from the official PlayStation website to a computer, transferred to a Memory Stick Duo, and subsequently installed on the system. Updates can also be installed from UMD game discs that require the update to run the game.

While system software updates can be used with consoles from any region, [cite web|url=http://www.trejan.com/projects/psp/| title=Projects - Sony PSP| publisher=trejan.com| accessdate=2008-03-19] Sony recommends only downloading system software updates released for the region corresponding to the system's place of purchase. System software updates have added various features including a web browser,cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/PSP/About/SystemUpdate/history.html#update200| title=PSP System Software version 2.00| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19] Adobe Flash support,cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/PSP/About/SystemUpdate/history.html#update270| title=PSP System Software version 2.70| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19] additional codecs for images, audio, and video, [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/PSP/About/SystemUpdate/history.html#update260| title=PSP System Software version 2.60| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19] PlayStation 3 connectivity, [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/PSP/About/SystemUpdate/history.html#update303| title=PSP System Software version 3.00| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19] as well as patches against several security exploits, vulnerabilities, and execution of homebrew programs. [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/PSP/About/SystemUpdate/history.html#update152| title=PSP System Software version 1.52| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19] [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/PSP/About/SystemUpdate/history.html#update282| title=PSP System Software version 2.82| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19] It is currently at v4.05, with v5.00 in development, to be released on October 15. [http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.jp.playstation.com%2Finfo%2Frelease%2Fnr_20081009_pspstore.html&sl=ja&tl=en&hl=en&ie=UTF-8]

Graphical User Interface

The PSP's version of the XrossMediaBar (pronounced "Cross Media Bar" and abbreviated XMB) includes six categories of options. These include Settings, Photo, Music, Video, Game, and Network. [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/index.html| title=Manuals - PSP| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-21] The PSP has the capability to play photo slideshows and audio and video files, stored on a Memory Stick Duo, [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/photo/s_start.html| title=PSP - Photo - Playing slideshows| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-21] [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/music/music.html| title=PSP - Music - Listening to music| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-21] [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/video/video.html| title=PSP - Video - Watching a video| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-21] monitor and save content from RSS channels, [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/network/rss/savecontent.html| title=PSP - Network - RSS - Saving content| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-21] and send and receive photos wirelessly with other PSPs while in ad-hoc mode. [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/photo/send.html| title=PSP - Photo - Sending and receiving images| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-21] The PSP also includes the ability to customize the appearance of the XMB with different colors, photos, or themes. [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/settings/index_theme.html| title=PSP - Settings - Theme settings| publisher=2008-03-21] Although the XMB can be accessed at any time by pressing the Home button, [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/Support/PSP/GettingStarted/s_psp_gs_MM.html| title=PSP - Using the XMB| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-21] the currently running application will exit before showing the interface (with the exception of a photo slideshow, and most of the applications in the "Network" column.). [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/support/psp/gettingstarted/s_psp_gs_CT.html#gameplay| title=Getting started - Button functions| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-21] [cite web|url=http://www.us.playstation.com/PSP/About/SystemUpdate/history.html#update370| title=PSP update 3.70| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-21] It is now also possible to change the appearance of the PSP with "theme" files, with there being few official ones mostly user made, though legitimate, theme files.

Web browser

The PSP Internet Browser is an embedded microbrowser that was released for free with the 2.00 system software update. The browser supports most common web technologies, such as HTTP cookies, forms, CSS, as well as basic JavaScript capabilities. [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/network/browser/menu.html| title=PSP - Network - Internet Browser - Displaying the menu| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19]

Version 2.70 of the PSP's system software introduced basic " rather than just tapping it. [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/network/browser/tab.html| title=PSP - Network - Internet Browser - Tabs| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19]

Remote Play

Remote Play allows the PSP to access many features of a PlayStation 3 console from a remote location using the PS3's WLAN capabilities, a home network, or the Internet. [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/network/remoteplay/index.html| title=PSP - Remote Play| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-26] Features that can be used with Remote Play include viewing photos and slideshows, listening to music, watching videos stored on the PS3's HDD, and several other features.cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/network/remoteplay/ps3set.html| title=PSP - Remote Play - About Remote Play| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-26] Additionally, Remote Play allows the PS3 to be turned on and off remotely and allows the PSP to control audio playback from the PS3 to a home theater system without having to use a television. [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/network/remoteplay/menu.html| title=PSP - Remote Play - menu| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-26] [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/ps3/current/settings/outputdevice.html| title=PS3 - Settings - Audio Output Device| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-26] Although most of the PS3's capabilities are accessible with Remote Play, playback of DVDs, Blu-ray Discs, and PlayStation 2 games, most PlayStation 3 games, and copy-protected files stored on the PS3's hard drive is not supported.

Games

In addition to playing PSP games, several PlayStation games have been rereleased and can be downloaded and played on the PSP via emulation. Currently, the only two official ways to access this feature is through the PlayStation Network service for PlayStation 3 or a PC. [cite web|url=http://manuals.playstation.net/document/en/psp/current/game/psntitledl.html| title=PSP - Game - Downloading PlayStation® format software| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19]

Demos for commercial PSP games can be downloaded and booted directly from a Memory Stick. [cite web|url=http://blog.us.playstation.com/2007/11/20/introducing-the-playstation-store-for-pc/| title=Introducing the PlayStation Store for PC| date=2007-11-20| first=Eric| last=Lempel| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19] Demos are also sometimes issued in UMD format and mailed out or given to customers at various retail outlets as promotional content. [cite web|url=http://blog.us.playstation.com/2007/09/27/god-of-war-chains-of-olympus-special-edition-demo-disc/| title=God of War: Chains of Olympus - Special Edition Demo Disc| date=2007-09-27| first=Cory| last=Barlog| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19]

During E3 2006, Sony Computer Entertainment America announced that the Greatest Hits range of budget titles were to be extended to the PSP system. [cite web|url=http://psp.ign.com/articles/705/705786p1.html| title=PSP Greatest Hits Program to be Launched| date=2006-05-08| first=Jeff| last=Haynes| publisher=IGN| accessdate=2008-03-19] On July 25, 2006, Sony CEA released the first batch of Greatest Hits titles.cite web | url=http://www.us.playstation.com/News/PressReleases/344 | title="Greatest Hits" titles for the PSP® (PlayStation®Portable) system now available| date=2006-07-25| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19] The PSP Greatest Hits lineup consist of games that have sold 250,000 copies or more and have been out for nine months. [cite web|url=http://scea.com/News/PressReleases/127| title=Sony Computer Entertainment America expands extensive "Greatest Hits" software library| date=2003-09-10| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19] PSP games in this lineup retails for $19.99 each.

Sony Computer Entertainment Europe announced on September 5, 2006, that a number of titles would be available under the Platinum range for €24.99 each in Europe and £19.99 in the UK. [cite web|url=http://www.scee.presscentre.com/Content/Detail.asp?ReleaseID=4190&NewsAreaID=2| title=Sony Computer Entertainment Europe Announces Introduction of Platinum Range for PSP| date=2006-09-05| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment| accessdate=2008-03-19]

Homebrew development

On June 15, 2005, hackers disassembled the code of the PSP and distributed it online [citeweb | title=Attack of the Playstation Hackers|url=http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/dec2005/tc20051230_356459.htm|date=01-12-2005] . Initially the modified PSP allowed users to run custom code and a limited amount of protected software. Sony responded to this by repeatedly upgrading the software. [citeweb|title=Sony battles hackers over hijacked games|url=http://www.newindpress.com/NewsItems.asp?ID=IEN20050706033455&Page=N&Title=Infotech&Topic=0|date=06-07-2005] Over time curious parties were able to unlock the firmware and allow users to run more custom content and more protected software.citeweb|title=Three Hacker teams unlock the PSP|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/6397797.stm#chart|date=26-02-2007]

Reception

The PSP received generally favorable reviews soon after launch and most reviewers cited similar strengths and weaknesses. CNET awarded the system an 8.1 out of 10 and praised the console's powerful hardware and its multimedia capabilities while lamenting the lack of a screen guard or a guard over the reading surface of UMD cartridges. [cite web|url=http://reviews.cnet.com/consoles/sony-psp/4505-10109_7-30895581.html| title=Sony PSP Review| date=2005-03-24| first=David| last=Carnoy| publisher=CNET| accessdate=2008-03-31] Engadget applauded the console's design, stating that "it is definitely one well-designed, slick little handheld". [cite web|url=http://www.engadget.com/2004/12/20/sony-playstation-portable-psp-hands-on-review/| title=Sony PlayStation Portable/PSP hands-on review| date=2004-12-20| first=Adam| last=Nielson| publisher=CNET| accessdate=2008-03-31] PC World commended Sony's decision to include built-in Wi-fi capabilities while lamenting lack of a web browser at launch and the glare and smudges that resulted from the console's shiny exterior. [cite web|url=http://www.pcworld.com/article/id,120117-page,1/article.html| title=First Look: Sony's Impressive PlayStation Portable| date=2005-03-18| first=Andrew| last=Brandt| publisher=PC World| accessdate=2008-03-31] Most reviewers also praised the console's large and bright viewing screen and its audio and video playback capabilities. In 2008, Time listed the PSP as a "gotta have travel gadget", citing the console's movie selection, telecommunications capability, and upcoming GPS functionality. [cite web|url=http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1827576_1827591_1828191,00.html|title=25 Gotta Have Travel Gadgets|first= Josh|last=Quittner|publisher=Time Magazine]

Controversial advertising campaigns

*Sony admitted in late 2005 to hiring graffiti artists to spray paint advertisements for the PSP in seven major U.S. cities including New York City, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. The mayor of Philadelphia has filed a cease and desist order and may file a criminal complaint. According to Sony, it is paying businesses and building owners for the right to graffiti their walls. [cite web|url=http://www.wired.com/culture/lifestyle/news/2005/12/69741| title=Sony Draws Ire With PSP Graffiti| date=2005-12-05| first=Ryan| last=Singel| publisher=Wired| accessdate=2008-03-19]

*In 2006, Sony ran a poster campaign in England. One of the poster designs with the slogan "Take a running jump here" was removed from a Manchester Piccadilly station tram platform due to concerns that it might encourage suicide. [cite news | title=No play station, say Metro bosses | publisher=Manchester Evening News | date=2006-03-07 | url=http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/s/206/206881_no_play_station_say_metro_bosses.html | first=Clarissa| last= Satchell | accessdate=2007-03-14]

*News spread on in July 2006 of a billboard advertisement released in the Netherlands which depicted a literally white colored woman holding a similarly literally black colored woman by the jaw, saying "PlayStation Portable White is coming." Some found this to be racially charged due to the portrayal of a white woman subjugating a black woman. Two other similar advertisements also existed, one had the two women facing each other on equal footing in fighting stances, while the other had the black woman in a dominant position on top of the white woman. The stated purpose of the advertisements was to contrast the white and black versions of its game console available for sale. These ads were never released in the rest of the world, and were pulled from the Netherlands after the controversy was raised.cite web|url=http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=18101|title=Sony defends PSP ad following accusations of racism | publisher=gamesindustry.biz| date=2006-07-05| first=Ellie| last=Gibson| accessdate=2008-03-19]

*Sony came under scrutiny online in December 2006 for a guerrilla marketing campaign hoping to go viral, for the console, with advertisers masquerading as young bloggers who desperately wanted a PSP. The site was registered to and created by the St. Louis, Missouri advertising firm Zipatoni on behalf of Sony before it was taken down. [cite web|url=http://www.joystiq.com/2006/12/11/sony-marketers-are-horrible-liars-pretend-to-run-fansite/| title=Sony Marketers pretend to run fansite| date=2006-12-11| first=Blake|last=Snow| publisher=JoyStiq| accessdate=2008-03-19]

ee also

* Mylo – A Sony messaging device
* List of handhelds with Wi-Fi connectivity

References

External links

;Official websites
* [http://uk.playstation.com/psp/ Official PSP website] (Europe/UK)
* [http://www.us.playstation.com/PSP Official PSP website] (US)
* [http://au.playstation.com/psp/index.jhtml Official PSP website] (Aus/NZ)

;Reviews
* [http://www.mp3newswire.net/stories/5002/psp_review.html Sony PSP As Personal Media Player] – Detailed review on MP3 Newswire focused on the PSP's movie and audio abilities
* [http://arstechnica.com/reviews/hardware/psp.ars/ Sony PSP Handheld Entertainment System] – In-depth 8-pages review, Ars Technica, March 28, 2005

;Other links
*


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