Politburo of the Communist Party of China


Politburo of the Communist Party of China
People's Republic of China

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The Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China or Political bureau of the CPC Central Committee (simplified Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局; traditional Chinese: 中國共產黨中央政治局; pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú) (also "Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee"), formerly as Central Bureau (中央局) before 1927, is a group of 24 people who oversee the Communist Party of China. Unlike politburos (political bureaus) of other Communist parties, power within the politburo is centralized in the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China. The Politburo is nominally appointed by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China but the practice since the 1980s has been that the Politburo is self-perpetuating.

The power of the Politburo resides largely in the fact that its members generally simultaneously hold positions within the People's Republic of China state positions and with the control over personnel appointments that the Politburo and Secretariat have. In addition, some Politburo members hold powerful regional positions. How the Politburo works internally is unclear, but it appears that the full Politburo meets once a month and the standing committee meets weekly. This is believed to be much more infrequent than the former Soviet Politburo had been. The agenda for the meetings appears to be controlled by the General Secretary and decisions are made by consensus rather than by majority vote.[1]

The Politburo was eclipsed by the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee in the early 1980s under Hu Yaobang,[2] but has re-emerged as a dominant force after Hu's ousting in 1987.

Contents

Current (17th) Politburo members[3]

In stroke order of surnames:

16th Politburo members

In stroke order of surnames:

15th Politburo members

See also

References

  1. ^ Miller, H.. "Hu Jintao and the Party Politburo". China Leadership Monitor. Hoover Institution. p. 5. http://media.hoover.org/sites/default/files/documents/clm9_lm.pdf. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  2. ^ Li, Cheng et al. (2008). China's Changing Political Landscape, Washington: Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 978-0-8157-5209-7.
  3. ^ http://www.giga-hamburg.de/dl/download.php?d=/content/ias/archiv/cds/cds_0905.pdf

External links


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