Branicki Palace, Warsaw

Infobox Historic building



caption=Branicki Palace - courtyard.
name=Branicki Palace
location_town=Warsaw
location_country=Poland
architect=Johann Sigmund Deybel
client=Jan Klemens Branicki
engineer=
construction_start_date=1740
completion_date=1753 [pl icon cite news |author = |url = http://wiezowcewarszawy.w.interia.pl/pal_bran.htm |title = Pałac Branickich |work = Wieżowce Warszawy |publisher = |pages = |page = |date = |accessdate = 2008-02-17]
date_demolished=1940spl icon cite news |author = |url = http://www.ojczyzna.pl/ARTYKULY/Warszawa-Oskarza.htm |title = Warszawa oskarża |work = ojczyzna.pl |publisher = |pages = |page = |date = |accessdate = 2008-02-17]
cost=
structural_system=
style=Rococo |
The Branicki Palace ( _pl. Pałac Branickich) is a notable 18th-century magnate's mansion in Warsaw, Poland. It is located at the junction of "Podwale" and "Miodowa" Streets.

History

The Palace is one of three with the same name in Warsaw. This particular Branicki Palace is on Miodowa Street (the others are located on Nowy Świat Street and "Na Skarpie" Avenue).

The original building that stood where the palace now stands was a 17th century mansion of the Sapieha family sold in the the beginning of the 18th century to Stefan Mikołaj Branicki.pl icon cite web |author = |url = http://warszawa.naszemiasto.pl/kontakty_adresy/57628.html |title = Pałac Branickich |work = naszemiasto.pl |publisher = |pages = |page = |date = |accessdate = 2008-02-17] This led to the current palace, built in 1740 by Johann Sigmund Deybel for Grand Crown Hetman Jan Klemens Branicki. In the construction also participated Jan Henryk Klemm (1743), Jakub Fontana (1750) and sculptor Jan Chryzostom Redler. The now rococo palace was raised by inspiration of French palaces.pl icon cite book | author = | coauthors = | title = Warszawa w latach 1526-1795 | year =1984 | editor = Stefan Kieniewicz | pages = | chapter = | chapterurl = | publisher = | location =Warsaw | id =ISBN 83-01033-23-1 | url = | format = | accessdate = ] The layout was shaped like a horseshoe, with a central part "corps de logis" and two side wings. The building was set back from the street by a "cour d'honneur", a symmetrical courtyard set apart in this way, at which the honored visitor arrives. The façades were equalize with admirable rococo decoration and rooftop windows. Main entrance was decorated with a portico of four columns and sculptures on the top. The interiors were decrated in the rococo style by Johann Sigmund Deybel and Jakub Fontana. Later, a pavillon called "Buduar" was added to the south wing at the back. [pl icon cite web |author = |url = http://swiadectwo1.republika.pl/rococo.html |title = Skarby rokokowej Warszawy |work = swiadectwo |publisher = |pages = |page = |date = |accessdate = 2008-02-17]

The Branicki Palace previously had been called the "Mrs Krakowska Palace", because after the Branicki's death the property was succeeded (1771) by his beautiful wife Izabella Poniatowska, sister of king Stanisław August Poniatowski (Izabella was a daugter of Stanisław Poniatowski, Castellan of Kraków). She held a salon in the palace, and became known as a patron and gatherer of artists, intellectuals, and statesmen in the era of Enlightenment in Poland.

Shortly afterwards the Branicki Palace was sold in 1804 to the general Józef Niemojewski. The new owner improved the palace - the two sides outbuildings were added to the palace complex in 1804-1808 by architect Fryderyk Albert Lessel. From 1817 the palace was inhabited by the Stanisław Sołtyk.

During the Second World War, the estate was badly damaged (it was burned down in 1939 and demolished by the Germans during the Occupation of Poland), but after the war it was completely restored. It was rebuilt in 1967, based on paintings by Bernardo Belotto, [en icon cite news |author = Penelope Fitzgerald |url = http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=950DE3D9153BF93AA15753C1A96F948260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=4 |title = How an Artist's Vision Became Ours |work = nytimes.com |publisher = The New York Times |pages = |page = |date = 1989-10-29 |accessdate = 2008-02-17] [pl icon cite web |author = |url = http://www.ewarszawa.com/przewodnik/obiekt/index.php?id=55 |title = Pałac Branickich na ulicy Podwale |work = ewarszawa.com |publisher = |pages = |page = |date = |accessdate = 2008-02-17] and now houses a Warsaw City Hall.

References

::In-line:::General:
* pl icon cite web |author = |url = http://warszawa.naszemiasto.pl/kontakty_adresy/57628.html |title = Pałac Branickich |work = naszemiasto.pl |publisher = |pages = |page = |date = |accessdate = 2008-02-17


=




"Miodowa Street by Bernardo Bellotto"


"The east wing of the palace"


"The west wing of the palace"

ee also

* Branicki Palace, Białystok
* Palace under the Four Winds
* Brühl Palace, Warsaw


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