Tacna


Tacna

Tacna is a city in southern Peru and the regional capital of the Tacna Region. It is located on the border with Chile, inland from the Pacific Ocean and in the valley of the Caplina River. Tacna is a very commercially active city, located only convert|35|km|mi|0|lk=on|abbr=on north of the border with Chile.

Officially called San Pedro de Tacna, it has gained a reputation for patriotism, with many monuments and streets named after heroes of Peru's struggle for independence (1821-1824) and the War of the Pacific (1879-1883). Residents of Tacna are known in Spanish as " _es. tacneños".

History

Francisco Antonio De Zela, a royal accountant (similar in function to a modern-day income tax auditor), initiated the push for Peruvian Independence from Spain in 1811 in Tacna, leading to a series of commemorative actions for the city, culminating in the 1828 declaration of Tacna as the "Heroic City" (" _la. La Heroica Ciudad de San Pedro de Tacna") by President José de La Mar.

It was the capital of the short-lived Peru-Bolivian Confederation (1836-1839)

Tacna's economic prosperity attracted a wave of immigrants from Italy.Fact|date=February 2008 Today, their Italian Peruvian descendants live in the city and many of them still have Italian surnames. This era of successful commerce and agriculture ended drastically with the start of the War of the Pacific.

During the war, the cities of Tacna and Arica were invaded by the Chilean Army. A peace agreement, the Treaty of Ancón, was signed in 1883. Under the terms of the treaty, Chile was to occupy the provinces of Tacna and Arica for ten years, after which a plebiscite was to be held to determine the region's sovereignty. Tacna remained under Chilean control for 50 years; In which they implemented a campaign of "Chilenization" in an attempt to persuade the local population to abandon their Peruvian past and accept Chilean nationality.

However, the patriotism of the " _es. tacneños" ensured that the Chilean propaganda failed and the planned plebiscite was never held. Finally, in 1929, an accord was reached by which Chile kept Arica, whilst Peru reacquired Tacna and receiving $6 million indemnity and other concessions.

Today, Tacna is a mostly commercial city with many immigrants from the Puno Region living there. Its economy is based on mercantile activities with the north of Chile (Arica and Iquique). Since it is part of a duty free zone, Tacna has come to rival Arequipa as southern Peru's main business area. The city has one of the largest artifact markets in the world with imports from Japan and China, and traditional Peruvian handicrafts.

Transport

Rail

Tacna is served by a cross-border standard gauge railway.

It is also the location of the National Railway Museum of Peru. [ [http://home.fuse.net/peruvianrails/peruvianrails/text/southern_peru_railroads.htm Southern Peru Railroads ] ]

Tourist attractions

Many monuments are located in this city, including the arch of the Alto de la Alianza, which shows the significance of this town.Other monuments include a neo-Renaissance Cathedral, the Alameda Bolognesi Walkway and the caves of Toquepala, where archaeologists have found some of the oldest human remains in Peru.

It is served by the Crnl. FAP. Carlos Ciriani Santa Rosa International Airport

Festivities

The most important festivity in the city is the "Semana de Tacna" ("Tacna Week"), which runs from August 25-30.

On August 28, a large Peruvian flag is shown throughout the city during the " _es. Paseo de la Bandera", which celebrates the anniversary of the reincorporation of Tacna into Peruvian sovereignty and is one of the most important patriotic demonstrations in the whole country. This tradition started in 1901, during the Chilean occupation of Tacna, by a group of "tacneños" who defied the prohibition of showing Peruvian flags imposed by the Chilean authorities.

There is an agrarian and industrial fair as part of these celebrations.

In September, the festival of the Señor de Locumba is celebrated, which draws thousands of faithful people from all over the world.

Religion

In 2008 the first mosque in Peru was completed in Tacna, the Mosque Bab ul Islam.

ee also

* 2001 southern Peru earthquake
* the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tacna y Moquegua

External links

* [http://www.surnoticias.com NewsPaper Digital Tacna - Perú]

References

* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/PE/23/Tacna.html FallingRain Map - elevation 557m - railways are red dots]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tacna — [täk′nə, tak′ə] 1. city in S Peru: pop. 174,000 2. region in S Peru which, with an adjacent region (ARICA2) in Chile, was divided between the two countries in 1929 * * * Tac·na (tăkʹnə, täkʹnä) A town of southern Peru north of Arica, Chile. The… …   Universalium

  • Tacna — Tacna, AZ U.S. Census Designated Place in Arizona Population (2000): 555 Housing Units (2000): 281 Land area (2000): 1.885965 sq. miles (4.884628 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.885965 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Tacna, AZ — U.S. Census Designated Place in Arizona Population (2000): 555 Housing Units (2000): 281 Land area (2000): 1.885965 sq. miles (4.884628 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.885965 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Tacna — Tacna, 1) Provinz des Departamiento Moquegua in der südamerikanischen Republik Peru; 18,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt derselben; Handel; 7000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tacna — Tacna, nördlichste, 1880 den Peruanern entrissene Provinz Chiles, am Stillen Ozean, vom Rio Zama bis zum Rio Camarones und im Innern bis jenseit der westlichen Kordilleren reichend, 23,958 qkm mit (1902) 28,791 Einw. Die Küste erhebt sich steil… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tacna — Tacna, eigentlich San Pedro de T., Hauptstadt der ehemals peruan., 1884 an Chile abgetretenen Prov. T. (23.958 qkm, 1903: 28.938 E.), 11.504 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • tàcna — (tàca) ž 〈G mn ā/ ī〉 reg. pladanj, poslužavnik ✧ {{001f}}njem. ← fr …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • tacna — tàcna ž <G mn ā/ ī> DEFINICIJA reg. razg. pladanj, poslužavnik; taca ETIMOLOGIJA njem. Tasse ← fr. tasse …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Tacna — [täk′nə, tak′ə] 1. city in S Peru: pop. 174,000 2. region in S Peru which, with an adjacent region (ARICA2) in Chile, was divided between the two countries in 1929 …   English World dictionary

  • Tacna — Para otros usos de este término, véase Tacna (desambiguación). Tacna San Pedro de Tacna …   Wikipedia Español


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