Fabry's disease

DiseaseDisorder infobox
Name = Fabry disease
ICD10 = ICD10|E|75|2|e|70 (ILDS E75.25)
ICD9 = ICD9|272.7
ICDO =


Caption =
OMIM = 301500
OMIM_mult =
MedlinePlus =
eMedicineSubj = neuro
eMedicineTopic = 579
DiseasesDB = 4638
MeshID = D000795

Fabry disease (also known as Anderson-Fabry disease, Angiokeratoma corporis diffusum, Ruiter-Pompen-Wyers syndrome, Ceramide trihexosidosis, and Sweeley-Klionsky disease) is an X-linked recessive (inherited) lysosomal storage disease. * The disease is named for Johannes Fabry. [WhoNamedIt|synd|1761]

Pathophysiology

A deficiency of the enzyme alpha galactosidase A causes a glycolipid known as globotriaosylceramide (also abbreviated as Gb3, GL-3, or ceramide trihexoside) to accumulate within the blood vessels, other tissues, and organs.cite journal |author=Karen JK, Hale EK, Ma L |title=Angiokeratoma corporis diffusum (Fabry disease) |journal=Dermatol. Online J. |volume=11 |issue=4 |pages=8 |year=2005 |pmid=16403380 |doi= |url=http://dermatology.cdlib.org/114/NYU/NYUtexts/0419054.html] This accumulation leads to an impairment of their proper function. The condition affects hemizygous males, as well as both heterozygous and homozygous females; males tend to experience the most severe clinical symptoms, while females vary from virtually no symptoms to those as serious as males. This variability is thought to be due to X-inactivation patterns during embryonic development of the female.

ymptoms

Symptoms include anhidrosis, fatigue, and red spots on skin. Some of the most common pathological symptoms includes skin lesions (angiokeratomas), and a burning pain of the extremities. This pain can become very intense, especially when one has a fever. Angiokeratomas are tiny, painless papules that appear at any region of the body, but are predominant on the thighs, buttocks, lower abdomen, and groin (the "bikini area"). Ocular involvement may be present showing cornea verticillata (also known as vortex keratopathy); this corneal whorling does not have any effect on vision or eye function. Vortex keratopathy may be the presenting feature in asymptomatic carriers, and must be differentiated from other causes of vortex keratopathy (e.g. drug deposition in the cornea). Symptoms are typically first experienced in early childhood and can be very difficult to understand; the rarity of Fabry disease to many clinicians sometimes leads to misdiagnoses or ignorance. Manifestations of the disease usually increase in number and severity as an individual ages.

Kidney complications are a common and serious effect of the disease; renal insufficiency and renal failure may worsen throughout life. Proteinuria is often the first sign of kidney involvement. Cardiac complications occur when Gb3 builds up in different heart cells; heart related effects worsen with age and may lead to increased risk of heart disease. Cerebrovascular effects lead to an increased risk of stroke. Other symptoms include an inability or decreased ability to sweat, fatigue, ringing in the ears (tinnitus), vertigo, nausea, and diarrhea.

Fabry's disease may also have ocular involvement, such as the presence of corneal verticillata in the basal layers of the epithelium, conjunctival aneurysms, and spokelike cataracts. Papilledema, macular edema, optic atrophy and retinal vascular dilation may also be present.

Treatment

Until recently, treatment of Fabry disease targeted the symptomatic effects. However, it is currently being treated at the cellular level through enzyme replacement therapy using Agalsidase alpha (Replagal) and Agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme). The cost of these drugs is problematic (approximately $170,000 US a year/patient) and remains a barrier to many patients in some countries. Enzyme replacement therapy (typically infused every two weeks) may be performed in the patient's home by the patients themselves. Enzyme replacement therapy is not a cure, and must be infused recurrently for maximum benefit.

References

External links

* [http://www.focusonfabry.com/ Focus on Fabry]
* [http://www.genzyme.com/]
* [http://www.fabry.org/FSIG.nsf/Pages2/HomePage Fabry Support & Information Group]
* [http://www.fabrycommunity.com/global/fc_p_hp_homepage.asp Fabry Community (Information, Causes, & Treatment - Est. by Genzyme Corporation)]
* [http://www.fabrycanada.com Canadian Fabry Association]
*
*
* [http://www.apmf-fabry.org/ Fabry's Disease Association]
* [http://www.TheNFDF.org National Fabry Disease Foundation]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fabry's disease — Fa·bry s disease fäb rēz n a disorder of lipid metabolism that is inherited as an X linked recessive trait and is characterized by skin lesions esp. on the lower trunk, severe pain in the extremities, corneal opacities, and vascular disease… …   Medical dictionary

  • fabry's disease — ˈfäbrēz noun Usage: usually capitalized F Etymology: after Johannes Fabry died 1930 German dermatologist : a disorder of lipid metabolism that is inherited as an X linked recessive trait and is characterized by skin lesions especially on the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fabry's disease — ▪ pathology also called  Angiokeratoma Corporis Diffusum,         sex linked hereditary disease in which a deficiency in the enzyme alpha galactosidase A results in abnormal deposits of a glycosphingolipid (ceramide trihexoside) in the blood… …   Universalium

  • Fabry's disease — see angiokeratoma [Fabry (1860–1930), German dermatologist] …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Болезнь Фабри (Fabry'S Disease) — см. Ангиокератома. Источник: Медицинский словарь …   Медицинские термины

  • Fabry disease — ICD10 = E75.2 (ILDS E75.25) Classification and external resources Alpha galactosidase the protein that is deficient in Fabry disease …   Wikipedia

  • Fabry — can refer to the following:*Charles Fabry French physicist, inventor of the Fabry Perot etalon *Fabry s diseaseFabri can refer to the following:*Martinus Fabri a Dutch composer *Thomas Fabri a Dutch (Franco flemish) composer …   Wikipedia

  • Disease, Anderson-Fabry — A genetic disease, also known as Fabry disease, due to deficiency of an enzyme called alpha galactosidase A. This enzyme is essential to the metabolism of molecules known as glycosphingolipids. Without the enzyme, glycosphingolipids accumulate in …   Medical dictionary

  • Fabry disease — A genetic disease due to deficiency of an enzyme called alpha galactosidase A. This enzyme is essential to the metabolism of molecules known as glycosphingolipids. Without the enzyme, glycosphingolipids accumulate in the kidneys, heart, nerves… …   Medical dictionary

  • Disease, Fabry — A genetic disease due to deficiency of an enzyme called alpha galactosidase A. This enzyme is essential to the metabolism of molecules known as glycosphingolipids. Without the enzyme, glycosphingolipids accumulate in the kidneys, heart, nerves… …   Medical dictionary


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