Rogue Valley AVA

Infobox Wine Region
name = Rogue Valley AVA


caption = Rogue River and tributaries.
other name =
type = American Viticultural Area
year = 2000 [http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr;sid=bff700d0bbb2a632948b70fe7e91d7d4;rgn=div5;view=text;node=27%3A1.0.1.1.7;idno=27;cc=ecfr#27:1.0.1.1.7.3.41.112 Code of Federal Regulations. "§ 9.132 Rogue Valley."] Title 27: Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms; Part 9 — American Viticultural Areas; Subpart C — Approved American Viticultural Areas. Retrieved Jan. 29, 2008.]
wine years =
country = USA
part of = Oregon, Southern Oregon AVA
similar =
sub regions = Applegate Valley AVA
season =
climate region =
heat units =
precipitation =
soil =
total size =
planted = convert|1100|acre|ha|-1Appellation America (2007). [http://wine.appellationamerica.com/wine-region/Rogue-Valley.html "Rogue Valley (AVA): Appellation Description"] . Retrieved Jan. 29, 2008.]
vineyards =
grapes = Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Dolcetto, Gewurztraminer, Grenache, Malbec, Merlot, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Syrah, Tempranillo, Viognier
varietals =
wineries = 20
wine produced =
designation =
comments =

The Rogue Valley AVA is an American Viticultural Area located in southern Oregon. It is entirely contained within the larger Southern Oregon AVA and includes the drainage basin of the Rogue River and several tributaries, including the Illinois River, the Applegate River, and Bear Creek. Most wineries in the region are found in the valleys formed by one of these three tributaries, rather than along the Rogue River itself. The region is convert|70|mi|km|0 wide by convert|60|mi|km|0 long (though much of the land within the AVA is not suitable for grape cultivation); there are fewer than 20 wineries with only convert|1100|acre|ha|-1 planted. Each river valley has a unique terroir, and grows different varieties of grapes. Overall, however, this region is the warmest and driest of Oregon's wine-growing regions.Wines Northwest (2008). [http://www.winesnw.com/rogue.html "Rogue Valley and Applegate Valley Appellations of Southern Oregon"] . Retrieved Jan. 29, 2008.]

Applegate Valley AVA

The Applegate Valley AVA, established in 2000, is the only sub-AVA in the Rogue Valley AVA. The Applegate River flows through the town of Applegate and near the city of Jacksonville, which was the location of Oregon's first winery (the winery has been restored and re-opened as Valley View Winery). This region contains vineyards at altitudes ranging from convert|1000|ft|m|-2 to convert|1500|ft|m|-2 above sea level, and is warmer and drier than the Illinois Valley to the west, but less so than the Bear Creek Valley to the east. Grapes that thrive here include Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Chardonnay and Zinfandel, with Cabernet and Merlot being the dominant varietals.

Bear Creek Valley

Bear Creek is the most populated of the Rogue River tributaries, as it flows through the cities of Medford and Ashland. Here, the valley floor is convert|2000|ft|m|-1 above sea level, and the climate is warm and dry. The climate of the Bear Creek Valley is similar to that of Bordeaux, and it is well suited for cultivating varietals such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, Cabernet Franc, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Malbec and Syrah.

Illinois Valley

The westernmost tributary of the Rogue River is the Illinois River, which rises in southern Josephine County, in the Red Buttes Wilderness. The river flows generally northwest along the west side of the Klamath Mountains, past Cave Junction, Kerby and through the Siskiyou National Forest. It joins the Rogue River from the south on the Curry-Josephine county line, approximately convert|15|mi|km|0 from the Pacific Ocean. The region is marked by high elevation, and is significantly influenced by marine climates. The region is well-suited for growing Burgundy varietals, similar to those grown in the Willamette Valley AVA.

References


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