Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Stone Town of Zanzibar
State Party =
Type = Cultural
Criteria = ii, iii, vi
ID = 173
Region = Africa
Year = 2000
Session = 24th
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/173
Stone Town or Mji Mkongwe, in
Swahilimeaning "ancient town", is the old part of Zanzibar City(or Unguja Mjini) - the capital of the island of Unguja, informally known as Zanzibar, a part of Tanzania. [http://www.zanzinet.org/zanzibar/unguja/unguja.html]
The old town is built on a triangular peninsula of land on the western coast of the island. The oldest part of the town consists of a warren of narrow alleys to
houses, shops, bazaars, and mosques. Cars are often too wide to drive down many of the maze of winding streets.
Its Swahili architecture incorporates elements of Arab, Persian,
Indian, European and Africanstyles. The Arab houses are particularly notable because they have large and ornately carved wooden doors and other unusual features such as enclosed wooden verandas.
The site has probably been occupied for around three centuries with buildings only being constructed with stone since the 1830s.
Two large buildings dominate the main front of Stone Town. One is Beit-El-Ajaib or the House of Wonders, which was built by Sultan Seyyid Barghash as a grand palace for ceremonial purposes. The other is the Arab Fort which stands on the site of a former Portuguese settlement and was converted to a fort during the 18th Century.
The town was the centre of
tradeon the East African coast between Asiaand Africabefore the colonizationof the mainland in the late 1800s after which the focus moved to Mombasaand Dar es Salaam. From 1840 to 1856, Said bin Sultan had the capital of the Omani Empire in Stone Town. The main export was spices and particularly cloves. For many years Stone Town was a major centre for the slave trade; Slaves were obtained from mainland Africaand traded with the Middle East. The Anglican Cathedralis built on the site of a former slave market. Some of the holding cells still exist.
The town also became a base for many
European explorers, particularly the Portuguese, and colonizers from the late 1800s. David Livingstoneused Stone Town as his base for preparing for his final expedition in 1866. A house, now bearing his name, was lent by Sultan Seyyid Said. Immigrant communities from Oman, Persia and Indialived here. These were often engaged in trade or, in the case of the Omanis, were rulers of the island and its dependent territories.
Stone Town has been designated by UNESCO as a
World Heritage Site.
It is also famous as the birthplace of
Freddie Mercury, lead singer of the rock band Queen.
According to the 2002 Tanzania National Census, the population of the Urban District, to which Stone Town belongs, was 206,292. [http://www.tanzania.go.tz/census/census/districts/town.htm]
The Zanzibar Urban District is administratively divided into 40 wards:
* Karakana (English Translation: "workshop" "garage")
* Kidongo Chekundu
* Kikwajuni Bondeni (English Translation: "Valley of the small tamarind")
* Kikwajuni Juu (English Translation: "upper small tamarind")
* Kilimahewa (English Translation: "airy hill")
* Kilimani (English Translation: "on the hill")
* Kisima Majongoo (English Translation: "well of the millipedes")
* Matarumbeta (English Translation: "the trumpets")
* Mchangani (English Translation: "the sands")
* Miembeni (English Translation: "mango trees")
* Mpendae (English Translation: "love one another")
* Muembe Ladu
* Muembe Makumi
* Muungano (English Translation: United)
* Mwembeshauri (English Translation: "mango tree of the shauri variety")
* Mwembetanga (English Translation: "mango tree of the tanga variety")
* Nyerere (surname of the first president of Tanzania - Julius Kambarage Nyerere
* Rahaleo (English Translation: "happiness today")
* Sebleni (English Translation: "in the sitting room")
* Sogea (English Translation: "move over")
* Urusi (English Translation: "Russia")
* Vikokotoni (English Translation: "gravel pit")
Freddie Mercury(Farrokh Bulsara) was born in Stone Town.
Ali Muhsin al-Barwani, first foreign minister of independent Zanzibar
David Livingstone, Explorer, missionary and colonialist.
* [http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/173 UNESCO Stone Town Site]
* [http://www.tanzania.go.tz/census/census/districts/town.htm Zanzibar Urban District Homepage for the 2002 Tanzania National Census]
* [http://www.discovertanzania.org/stone_town.asp Local tourist information]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Stone Town — Ciudad de piedra de Zanzíbar Nombre descrito en la Lista del Patrimonio de la Humanidad … Wikipedia Español
Stone Town — Ne doit pas être confondu avec Zanzibar City. La ville de pierre de Zanzibar * … Wikipédia en Français
Stone Town — Sansibar Stadt 2004 Sansibar Stadt (Swahili Zanzibar (Jiji), engl. Zanzibar City) ist die Hauptstadt der Insel Unguja, besser bekannt als Sansibar. Sansibar Stadt ist auch Hauptstadt und Regierungssitz des die beiden Inseln Pemba und Unguja… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Stone town of Kuklica — The stone town is an area consisting of over 120 stone pillars, located in the village of Kuklica, near Kratovo. [ [http://www.exploringmacedonia.com/default.asp?ItemID=C42D791DE738E046B3C544C635663B57 Exploring Macedonia] ] LegendsThere are two… … Wikipedia
The Rosal Stone Town Hotel — (Занзибар,Объединенная Республика Танзания) Категория отеля: Адрес: 1226 … Каталог отелей
Doubletree By Hilton Zanzibar - Stone Town — (Занзибар,Объединенная Республика Танзания) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель … Каталог отелей
Zanzibar Stone Town Lodge — (Занзибар,Объединенная Республика Танзания) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адр … Каталог отелей
Town — Town, Towns, Towne y Townes pueden referirse a: El término inglés para ciudad (las formas towne y townes son arcaísmos), aunque puede referirse a cualquier otro rango de población, como villa, pueblo (en este caso, indicando el núcleo central en… … Wikipedia Español
Stone, Staffordshire — infobox UK place country = England official name= Stone latitude= 52.9 longitude= 2.15 population = 14,258 (2001 census) shire district= Stafford shire county= Staffordshire region= West Midlands constituency westminster= Stone post town= Stone… … Wikipedia
Stone railway station — Infobox UK station name = Stone code = SNE manager = London Midland locale = Stone borough = Stafford start = 17 April 1848 platforms = 2 lowusage0506 = 3,115 lowusage0607 = 1,342Stone railway station serves the town of Stone, Staffordshire,… … Wikipedia