Macclesfield Bank


Macclesfield Bank

Macclesfield Bank or Zhongsha Islands (Chinese 中沙群島 Pinyin: Zhongsha Qundao; Vietnamese: "Quần đảo Trung Sa", literally "Central Sand Islands") is an elongated sunken atoll of underwater reefs and shoals in South China Sea and part of the disputed South China Sea Islands, centered around coord|16|00|N|114|30|E|name=South China Sea Islands center, east of the Paracel Islands. Its length exceeds 130 km southwest-northeast, with a maximal width of more than 70 km. With an area of 6448 km² within the outer rim of the reef [ftp://rock.geosociety.org/pub/reposit/2001/2001075.pdf] , although completely submerged without any emergent cays or islets, it is one of the largest atolls of the world.

The broken coral reef rim of Macclesfield Bank, with a width of up to 8 km, has depths of 11.8 m at Pygmy Shoal on the northeast end of the bank and depths of 11.6 to 18 m elsewhere. Within the lagoon, Walker Shoal marks the least known depth of 9.2 meters. In general, the central lagoon is very deep, with depths up to 100 meters [ftp://rock.geosociety.org/pub/reposit/2001/2001075.pdf] .

Macclesfield Bank is claimed by the People's Republic of China , Republic of China (Taiwan) and Philippines. It is located east of the Paracel Islands, distantly southwest of the Pratas Islands and north of the Spratly Islands.

There are no military stations there. It is a rich fishing ground and difficult to navigate due to the shallow submerged reefs.

The elongated atoll consists of:The Chinese term for the Macclesfield Bank has a wider meaning than the geographic feature or atoll; it includes some geographically separate features:

To the east, near the Philippines are
* Scarborough Shoal (Panatag Shoal), (Nanyan Dao, Huangyan Dao), 南巖島, 黃岩島, coord|15|11|N|117|46|E|name=Scarborough Shoal), is occupied by the Philippines
* Truro Shoal (Sianfa Ansha, Shianfa Ansha, 特魯暗沙, coord|16|20|N|116|44|E|name=Truro Shoal)

Far to the north is
* Helen Shoal (Itung Ansha, Yitong Ansha, 一統暗沙, coord|19|12|N|113|53|E|name=Helen Shoal) is only a few kilometers south of Hong Kong

See also

* South China Sea
* South China Sea Islands

External links

* [http://vm.nthu.edu.tw/southsea/english.mid.htm ROC's page]
* [http://permanent.access.gpo.gov/websites/pollux/pollux.nss.nima.mil/NAV_PUBS/SD/pub161/161sec01.pdf Nautical Information]
* [http://sowf.moi.gov.tw/stat/year/y05-19.xls Taiwanese List]
* [http://www.weblio.jp/content/%E5%8D%97%E6%B5%B7%E8%AB%B8%E5%B3%B6 Chinese page with coordinates]


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