Barbuda


Barbuda
Barbuda
Geography
Location Caribbean Sea
Coordinates 17°37′N 61°48′W / 17.617°N 61.8°W / 17.617; -61.8Coordinates: 17°37′N 61°48′W / 17.617°N 61.8°W / 17.617; -61.8
Archipelago Leeward Islands, Lesser Antilles
Area 160.56 km2 (61.993 sq mi)
Highest elevation 38 m (125 ft)
Highest point Highlands
Country
Antigua and Barbuda
Largest city Codrington (pop. 1,252)
Demographics
Population 1,370
Density 9.34 /km2 (24.19 /sq mi)

Barbuda is an island in the Eastern Caribbean, and forms part of the state of Antigua and Barbuda. It has a population of about 1,500, most of whom live in the town of Codrington.

Contents

Location

Barbuda is located north of Antigua, in the middle of the Leeward Islands. To the south are the islands of Montserrat and Guadeloupe, and to the south and west are Nevis, St. Kitts, St. Barts, and St. Martin.

History

The Ciboney were the first to inhabit the island of Barbuda in 2400 BC, but Arawak and Carib Indians populated the island when Christopher Columbus landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early settlements by the Spanish and French were succeeded by the English, who formed a colony in 1666.

In 1685 Barbuda was leased to brothers Christopher and John Codrington, who had founded the town of Codrington. The Codrington family produced food on their land in Barbuda, and also transported slaves as labour for their sugar plantations on Antigua. There was more than one slave rebellion at Codrington during the 1740s, during which slaves rose against managers. All the slaves were freed in 1834.

Barbuda was for a time used by the Codringtons as a "nursery" for slaves.[1]

In 1719, Codrington and the island of Barbuda had its first census (of both people and livestock), conducted by Sir William Codrington (1715–1790).

The first map of Barbuda was made in the second half of the eighteenth century. At that time there were substantial buildings in the Highland area, a castle in Codrington, a fort at River, now known as the Martello Tower, and houses at Palmetto Point, Coco Point, and Castle Hill. The map shows eight catching pens for holding captured runaway slaves, indicating that this was a serious problem. There were several defensive cannon gun battery units around the island perimeter. There was a large plantation in the Meadow and Guava area and another large plantation in the Highlands area.

Points of interest

Barbuda is home to the Frigate Bird Sanctuary, which is located in the Codrington Lagoon. Other points of interest include Highland House (the 18th century home of the Codrington family) and the Indian Cave, which contains ancient Amerindian petroglyphs.

Tourism

Barbuda's climate and geography is conducive to tourism. Many tourists are attracted by the island's beaches. Activities include swimming, snorkeling, fishing, scuba diving, hiking, bird watching, and golfing. Several resorts are located on the island.[2].

Geography

The total land area is 160.56 km². The capital and largest city is Codrington, with an estimated population of 1,000. The island is mostly coral limestone island with little topographical variation. The highest point is only 38m above sea level.

Climate

The climate is classified as tropical marine which means that there is little seasonal temperature variation. In January and February, the coolest months, the average daily high temperature is 81°F (27°C). While in July and August, the warmest months, the average daily high is 86°F (30°C).

References

  1. ^ Barbudaful.net Retrieved 2009-01-23
  2. ^ The Island of Barbuda Retrieved 2011-09-23

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barbuda — Géographie Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barbuda — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Localización de Barbuda Barbuda es una isla de Antigua y Barbuda con status de dependencia. Su capital es la ciudad de Codrington. Barbuda, cuenta …   Wikipedia Español

  • Barbuda — [bär byo͞o′də, bärbo͞o′də] island of the Leeward group in the West Indies: 62 sq mi (161 sq km): see ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA …   English World dictionary

  • Barbūda [1] — Barbūda (spr. Barbjudä), britische Insel, zur Gruppe der Kleinen Antillen gehörig, 3 QM. groß, mit 1500 Ew.; hat gesundes Klima, Bodeneben u. nicht sehr ergiebig, daher meist Viehzucht getrieben wird. B. wurde 1630 von den Engländern besetzt u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Barbūda [2] — Barbūda, alte portugiesische Silbermünze, ungefähr 2 Sgr. an Werth …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Barbuda — Barbuda, brit. Antilleninsel, 45 km nördlich von Antigua (von dem es abhängig), 189 qkm groß, nur bis 60 m hoch, durch Korallenriffe schwer nahbar und von Buschwald bedeckt; früher der Familie Codrington gehörig. Die Bewohner (meist Schwarze)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Barbuda — Barbūda, eine der brit. Kleinen Antillen, nördl. von Antigua, ohne Hafen, 189 qkm, (1901) 775 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Barbuda [1] — Barbuda, engl. Insel (seit 1650) der kleinen Antillen, 2 QM. groß mit 2500 E., gesund, baut Baumwolle, Tabak, Zuckerrohr, Indigo …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Barbuda [2] — Barbuda, alte portugies. Silbermünze = 2 Sgr …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Barbuda — V. Antigua …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • barbuda — s. f. 1. Capacete do século XIV. 2. Antiga moeda portuguesa de prata, na qual figurava um capacete. 3. O mesmo que celada …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa


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