official_name = Greenville, Maine
settlement_type = Town
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of Maine
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Piscataquis
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1836
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 120.1
area_land_km2 = 110.1
area_water_km2 = 10.1
area_total_sq_mi = 46.4
area_land_sq_mi = 42.5
area_water_sq_mi = 3.9
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 1623
population_density_km2 = 14.7
population_density_sq_mi = 38.2
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 425
elevation_ft = 1394
latd = 45 |latm = 28 |lats = 40 |latNS = N
longd = 69 |longm = 33 |longs = 53 |longEW = W
Greenville is a town in Piscataquis County,
Maine, United States. The population was 1,623 at the 2000 census. The town is centered around the lower end of Moosehead Lake, the largest body of fresh water in the state. Greenville is the historic gateway to the north country and a center for outdoor recreation in the area.
First called T9 R10 NWP (or Township 9, Range 10, North of the
Waldo Patent), the land was granted about 1812 by the Massachusetts General Courtto Thornton Academyin Saco. In 1824, Nathaniel Haskell of Westbrook bought the Thornton Academy Grant. With Oliver Young and John Smith, he began clearing trees that summer for farmingnear Wilson Pond, where the Wilson Stream would provide water powerfor mills.
In 1827, Haskell completed a house, and his family joined him. A
sawmillwas built on Wilson Stream in 1829, with a gristmilladded the following year. In 1835, Henry Gower began clearing land beside Moosehead Lakefor what would develop into Greenville village. There he erected the first hotel, a 2-story building called The Seboomook House, and the first store. On February 6, 1836, Greenville was incorporated from Haskell Plantation, and named for its green forests. By 1846, Greenville village included 2 houses, 2 blacksmithshops and a schoolhouse. On August 10, 1848, the town annexed land from Wilson, the remainder of which was distributed to Shirley and Elliotsville.
steamboatwas launched in 1836 to tow logs, and in 1838 the first large lake steamer began operation. In later years, a succession of steamers by the name of "Katahdin" plied the waters. The current "S/S Katahdin" was built in 1914. In July 1884, the Bangor and Piscataquis Railroad (later, the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad) arrived at Greenville Junction. The Canadian Pacific Railwayarrived in 1888. Tourists were attracted by the region's scenic beauty, huntingand fishing. Consequently, several inns and hotels were built, including The Piscataquis Exchange Hotel, The Squaw Mountain Inn and The Moosehead Inn. Steamboat service was available across Moosehead Lake to the grand Mount Kineo House on a peninsula at Mount Kineo. Today, Greenville remains a popular resort area.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 46.4 square miles (120.1 km²), of which, 42.5 square miles (110.0 km²) of it is land and 3.9 square miles (10.1 km²) of it (8.39%) is water. Situated beside Moosehead Lake, Greenville is drained by Wilson Stream.
Located north of the
45th parallelon a line with Montreal, Greenville, in climate and vegetation, has more in common with the northernmost United Statesand southern Canadathan it has with southern Maine.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,623 people, 731 households, and 437 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 38.2 people per square mile (14.7/km²). There were 1,378 housing units at an average density of 32.4/sq mi (12.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.77% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.
There were 731 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.82.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,365, and the median income for a family was $36,694. Males had a median income of $27,955 versus $19,712 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $16,638. About 8.9% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.
ites of interest
* [http://www.mooseheadhistory.org/ Moosehead Historical Society & Museum]
* [http://www.katahdincruises.com/museum.html Moosehead Marine Museum]
* [http://www.greenvilleme.com Town of Greenville, Maine]
* [http://www.greenvilleme.com/library.html Shaw Public Library]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/greenville-me.htm History of Greenville, Maine (1886)]
* [http://www.mooseheadlake.org/ Moosehead Lake Region]
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