Michipicoten River

Michipicoten River
Michipicoten River as seen from Highway 101
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Region Algoma District
Source Dog Lake
 - location 15 km SW of Missanabie, Ontario
 - elevation 330 m (1,083 ft)
 - coordinates 48°13′55″N 84°13′15″W / 48.23194°N 84.22083°W / 48.23194; -84.22083
Mouth Michipicoten Bay of Lake Superior
 - location Michipicoten, Ontario
 - elevation 183 m (600 ft) [1]
 - coordinates 47°56′00″N 84°51′00″W / 47.9333333°N 84.85°W / 47.9333333; -84.85
Length 81 km (50 mi)
Basin 5,200 km2 (2,000 sq mi)

The Michipicoten River is a river in the Algoma District of northern Ontario, Canada, which flows from Dog Lake and joins with the Magpie River to empty into Michipicoten Bay on Lake Superior near the town of Wawa. This river is 113 km (70 mi) in length (including Lochalsh River to the outlet of Wabatongushi Lake) and drains an area of about 5,200 km2 (2,000 sq mi).

The river's name means "big bluffs" in Ojibwe and refers to the large hills located near the river's mouth.

From the outlet of Dog Lake, the Michipicoten River flows south through a series of large lakes: Manitowik and Whitefish Lakes. Then it flows mostly west to Lake Superior. There are four hydroelectric generating stations on this last section of the river (operated by Brookfield Power Inc.).

Tributaries include:

  • Magpie River
  • Anjigami River
  • Shikwamkwa River
    • Jackpine River
  • Hawk River
  • Dog Lake
    • Murray Creek
    • Dog River
    • Lochalsh River
      • Wabatongushi Lake

History

In the days of the fur trade, this river provided access to James Bay by way of the Missinaibi and Moose Rivers. Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers are believed to be the first non-natives to travel this route. A French trading post was built at the river's mouth in the early 18th century. The Hudson's Bay Company started building trading posts along the route in the 1770s and its post at Michipicoten River remained in use until abandoned in 1904 (the site is now part of Michipicoten Post Provincial Park).[2]

In 1781 Philip Turnor, HBC's first full-time surveyor, performed a detailed survey of the river, followed by many upgrades to the portages. After 1821, the Moose/Missinaibi/Michipicoten route became the established supply route for HBC's Lake Superior District.[3]

References

  1. ^ Wright, John W. (ed.); Editors and reporters of The New York Times (2006). The New York Times Almanac (2007 ed.). New York, New York: Penguin Books. pp. 64. ISBN 0-14-303820-6. 
  2. ^ Ontario Parks - Michipicoten Post PP
  3. ^ Archaeological and Historic Sites Board, Archives of Ontario.

See also


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Michipicoten River — Blick vom Ontario Highway 101 auf den Michipicoten RiverVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michipicoten — Michipicoten, a word in the Ojibwe language meaning big bluffs, can refer to: Michipicoten, Ontario, Canada, a township the Michipicoten River, in Ontario Michipicoten Island, an island in Lake Superior that is also an Ontario Parks provincial… …   Wikipedia

  • Michipicoten — Der Michipicoten Fluss vom Highway 101 gesehen Michipicoten ist der Name eines Flusses in der kanadischen Provinz Ontario, der Name einer First Nation, nämlich der Michipicoten First Nation, die zu den Anishinabe gehört, und eines Ortes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michipicoten First Nation — The Michipicoten First Nation is an Ojibwe First Nation in Northern Ontario, located near Wawa. Members of the community have resided at the mouth of the Michipicoten River since before the first arrival of European settlers to the area. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Michipicoten, Ontario — Infobox Settlement official name = Township of Michipicoten other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = Municipality motto = imagesize = 240px image caption = Wawa as seen across Wawa Lake flag size = image seal size = image shield =… …   Wikipedia

  • Michipicoten — Administration Pays  Canada …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Magpie River — Rivière Magpie Vorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt DatenVorlage:Infobox Fluss/GKZ fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Magpie River (Ontario) — Coordinates: 47°56′02″N 84°50′59″W / 47.93389°N 84.84972°W / 47.93389; 84.84972 …   Wikipedia

  • Missinaibi River — Coordinates: 50°44′08″N 81°28′02″W / 50.73556°N 81.46722°W / 50.73556; 81.46722 …   Wikipedia

  • Missinaibi River — Vorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt DatenVorlage:Infobox Fluss/GKZ fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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