State Comptroller of Israel
This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
- Basic Laws
- Law of Return
- President (List)
- Prime Minister (List)
- Security Cabinet
- Kitchen Cabinet
- Security Cabinet
- State Comptroller
- Elections: 2006, 2009
- Judicial system
- Local government
- Foreign affairs
The power of the Knesset to supervise and review government policies and operations is exercised mainly through the state comptroller (Hebrew: מבקר המדינה Mevaker HaMedina, Arabic: مراقب الدولة). The incumbent is completely independent of the government and answers to the Knesset alone.
The principal function of the state comptroller is to check on the legality, regularity, efficiency, economy, and ethical conduct of public institutions. The checks are performed by continuous and spot inspections of the financial accounts and activities of all ministries, the armed forces and security services, local government bodies, and any corporations, enterprises, or organizations subsidized or managed by the state in any form.
By law, the State Comptroller in Israel also functions as Ombudsman (Hebrew: נציב תלונות הציבור Netziv Tlunot HaTzibur) to whom members of the public may send complaints about actions by governmental bodies that have caused them harm.
The state comptroller's office is divided into five major inspection units. The first four units are concerned, respectively, with ministries, defense services, local authorities, and corporations; the fifth inspection unit deals with public complaints concerning government bodies.
The state comptroller is appointed by the President of Israel upon the recommendation of the Knesset's House Committee for a single term of seven years. The state comptroller can be relieved only by the Knesset or by resignation or demise.
During the incumbent's term of office, he or she may not be a member of the Knesset or otherwise engage in politics and is prohibited from any public or private activity that could create a conflict of interest with the independent performance of the duties of the office. The state comptroller, although lacking in authority to enforce compliance, has broad investigative powers and employs hundreds of staff members, including accountants, lawyers, and other relevant professionals.
Relationship to Knesset Finance Committee
The state comptroller acts in conjunction with the Finance Committee of the Knesset and reports to it whenever necessary. The state comptroller may recommend that the Finance Committee appoint a special commission of inquiry, but having no statutory authority of its own it relies on the Knesset to impose sanctions on errant bodies. The state comptroller's budget is submitted directly to the Finance Committee and is exempt from prior consideration by the Ministry of Finance.
In 1965 the Comptroller's Office hosted V INCOSAI, the fifth triennial convention of the International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions.
- ^ INTOSAI: 50 Years (1953-2003), Vienna: International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions, 2004, p. 47
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
State Comptroller — In May 1949, the Knesset passed the State Comptroller Law of 5709, which established, under its aegis, the office of the state comptroller to supervise the activities of the government, the ministries, local authorities, government… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
State Comptroller — can refer to:National comptrollers*State Comptroller of IsraelU.S. states* *State Comptroller of Maryland *State Comptroller of New Jersey *State Comptroller of New York … Wikipedia
Basic Law: the state comptroller — Passed on 15 February 1988 by the 12th Knesset. Most of the law is a reenactment of previous instructions that were scattered in other laws. The law deals with the powers, tasks, and duties of the state comptroller in his or her supervision of … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Israel — /iz ree euhl, ray /, n. 1. a republic in SW Asia, on the Mediterranean: formed as a Jewish state May 1948. 5,534,672; 7984 sq. mi. (20,679 sq. km). Cap.: Jerusalem. 2. the people traditionally descended from Jacob; the Hebrew or Jewish people. 3 … Universalium
Israel's unilateral disengagement plan — Part of a series on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and Arab–Israeli conflict Israeli–Palestinian peace process … Wikipedia
Israel Defense Forces — Military of Israel Israel Defense Forces logo Founded 1948 Service branches … Wikipedia
State Opening of Parliament — United Kingdom This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the United Kingdom … Wikipedia
Basic Law: the state economy — Passed on 21 July 1975 by the eighth Knesset, the law lays down the framework for the budget laws and the basic rule, according to which no taxes, compulsory loans, other compulsory payments and fees may be imposed or their rates changed,… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Beta Israel — ביתא ישראל Shlomo Molla … Wikipedia
Caravan (Israel) — A caravan (Hebrew: קראוואן; pl. קראוואנים, caravanim ) is an Israeli term referring to a trailer type, pre fab facility used as a living space, school classroom, synagogue, or community center.Constructed of aluminum or other metal siding with a… … Wikipedia