David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield


David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield
The Right Honourable
The Earl of Mansfield
KT, PC
Lord President of the Council
In office
17 December 1794 – 21 September 1796
Monarch George III
Prime Minister William Pitt
Preceded by The Earl Fitzwilliam
Succeeded by The Earl of Chatham
In office
2 April 1783 – 19 December 1783
Monarch George III
Prime Minister The Earl of Shelburne
The Duke of Portland
Preceded by The Lord Camden
Succeeded by The Earl Gower
Secretary of State for the Northern Department
In office
27 October 1779 – 27 March 1782
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Lord North
The Marquess of Rockingham
Preceded by The Viscount Weymouth
Succeeded by Office Abolished
The Earl of Shelburne as Home Secretary
Charles James Fox as Foreign Secretary
Personal details
Born David Murray
9 October 1727
Died 1 September 1796(1796-09-01) (aged 68)
Occupation Politician

David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield KT, PC (9 October 1727 – 1 September 1796), known from 1748 to 1793 as The Viscount Stormont, was a British politician. He succeeded to both the Mansfield and Stormont lines of the Murray family, inheriting two titles and two fortunes.

Contents

Life

Mansfield was the son of David Murray, 6th Viscount of Stormont, and his wife Anne Stewart. Lord Chief Justice William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield was his uncle. He was ambassador to Vienna and then to France in the early years of the American War of Independence, and played a role in sending news of American actions back to England. Mansfield had been elected a Scottish Representative Peer in 1754 and served as the last Secretary of State for the Northern Department from 1779 to 1782 and as Lord President of the Council in 1783 and again from 1794 to 1796 and was also Lord Justice General between 1778 and 1795. He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1763 and made a Knight of the Thistle in 1768.

Lord Mansfield married firstly Henrietta Frederica, daughter of Henry Graf Bunau, in 1759, whilst he was British ambassador to Saxony. They had one child, Lady Elizabeth Murray. After Henrietta's death in 1766 he married secondly the Hon. Louisa, daughter of Charles Schaw Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart, in 1776. Louisa was his junior by over thirty years, and they had 5 children - Caroline, David, George, Charles, and Henry.

In 1793 he succeeded his uncle Lord Mansfield as second Earl of Mansfield of the 1792 creation while his wife succeeded as second Countess of Mansfield of the 1776 creation according to special remainders in the letters patent. Lord Mansfield died in September 1796, aged 68, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son David. His second son the Hon. George Murray became a Lieutenant-General in the Army while his fourth son the Hon. Sir Henry Murray rose to the rank of General. The Countess of Mansfield survived her husband by 47 years, marrying the Hon. Robert Fulke Greville in 1797, and died in July 1843, aged 85.

Mansfield family tree

 
David Murray
 
Majory Scott
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
David Murray
 
Anne Stewart
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2) Louisa Schaw Cathcart
 
David Murray
 
1) Henrietta Frederica Bunau
 
James Murray
 
John Murray
 
 
 
 
Catherine Murray
 
Marjorie Murray
 
Amelia Murray
 
Sir Alexander Lindsay of Evelick
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Five children
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Daniel Finch
 
Anne Hatton
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elizabeth Belle
 
John Lindsay
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other children
 
Edward Finch
 
Elizabeth Finch
 
William Murray
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dido Elizabeth Belle
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elizabeth Murray
 
 
George Finch-Hatton
 
 

References

External links

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Charles Hanbury Williams
British Minister to Saxony
1755–1764
Succeeded by
Philip Stanhope
Preceded by
The Earl Harcourt
British Ambassador to France
1772–1778
Vacant
Title next held by
Thomas Grenville in 1782
Legal offices
Preceded by
Duke of Queensberry
Lord Justice General
1778–1795
Succeeded by
Duke of Montrose
Political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Weymouth
Secretary of State for the Northern Department
1779–1782
Office abolished
Preceded by
The Lord Camden
Lord President of the Council
1783
Succeeded by
The Earl Gower
Preceded by
The Earl Fitzwilliam
Lord President of the Council
1794–1796
Succeeded by
The Earl of Chatham
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Murray
Earl of Mansfield
2nd creation
1793–1796
Succeeded by
David William Murray
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
David Murray
Viscount Stormont
1748–1796
Succeeded by
David William Murray

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