Giorgio Levi Della Vida
Giorgio Levi Della Vida (
August 22, 1886, Venice- December 25, 1967, Rome) was an Italian Jewishlinguist who focused on Hebrew, Arabic, and other Semitic languages, as well as on the history and culture of the Near East.
Veniceto a Jewish family originally from Ferrara, he moved with his family first to Genoaand then to Rome, from whose university he graduated in 1909 with the Hebraist Ignazio Guidi. Immediately after graduation, he participated in numerous research expeditions to Cairo, Athens(for the Italian School of Archaeology), and Crete. He returned definitively to Rome in 1911, where he worked with the great historian of the Near East, Leone Caetani, on the editorial staff of the "Annals of Islam". He developed strong ties of friendship with Michelangelo Guidi, the son of Ignazio and himself an illustrious Islamist, as well as with Gaetano De Sanctis, Ernesto Buonaiuti, Giorgio Pasquali, Luigi Salvatorelli, and the Barnabite priest Giovanni Semeria. Since he was always deeply interested in problems of religion, he used his connections with Father Semeria and Ernesto Buonaiuti (excommunicated for his Modernist convictions) to undertake some of the biblical studies neglected by the completely secular basis of his cultural upbringing.
From 1914 to 1916 Levi Della Vida headed the department of Arabic Language and Literature at the Eastern University of Naples. During the First World War, he acted as an interpreter, achieving the rank of
lieutenant. Afterwards, he was assigned to the department of Semitic Philology at the University of Torino, a post he held only from the end of his military service until 1919. In 1920 he went to work for Ignazio Guidiat the University of Rome as a professor of Hebrewand Comparative Semitic Languages.
In those years he began to collaborate with some newspapers: he wrote for the Roman daily
Il Paese, which ceased publication at the end of 1922, after its offices were destroyed by Fascist " squadristi". Levi Della Vida was, in his turn, also a victim of aggression on the part of the Fascists. At the invitation of Salvatorelli, who was the associate managing editor, he began to contribute to La Stampa, where he testified to the political climate in Rome in the days following the passing of Giacomo Matteotti. On occasion, he also had contact with various leaders of the anti-Fascist opposition, including Giovanni Amendola, Carlo Sforzaand Claudio Treves. In 1924, he became president of the National Union of Liberal and Democratic Forces, founded by Amendola, and the following year he signed the Manifesto of Anti-Fascist Intellectuals. By his autobiographical testimony, he claims not to have been particularly interested in political activism; however, he was convinced that such a time of crisis, when Italy was faced with the rise of Fascism, required every citizen to assume responsibility.
In the 1920s he made the acquaintance of
Giovanni Gentile, another professor in Rome, and he began to collaborate with him on the "Enciclopedia Treccani" as an expert in Hebrew and other Semitic languages.
He was one of the twelve Italian university professors who refused to pledge the oath of loyalty to the Fascist leader and regime imposed by article 18 of the Ordinary Law on
August 28, 1931. Following this refusal, the next year Levi Della Vida was expelled from his post at the university. He continued, however, his collaboration with the "Enciclopedia Treccani", of which he was the editor of the entry on Hebraism, among others. After that, he was assigned by the Vatican Libraryto catalog its treasury of Arabic manuscripts, from which he culled a first selection for publication in 1935, followed by a second thirty years later.
After the promulgation of the
racial laws, in 1939 he fled to the United States, where he was offered teaching posts at the University of Pennsylvaniain Philadelphiaas well as at the University of San Diegoin California, at whose library he would generously endow a university chair later in his life, as a sign of gratefulness for the hospitality.
He returned to Italy in 1945, where he was reinstated to his post at the University of Rome, where he taught Muslim history and culture until his retirement in 1959. In 1947 he was elected a member of the
Accademia dei Lincei. He died in Rome in 1967 at the age of 81, after a brief illness.
The University of California Los Angeles has dedicated an editorial series in his name: "The Giorgio Levi Della Vida Series in Islamic Studies." They also reward the best studies in Islamic culture with the "Giorgio Levi Della Vida Award."
Levi Della Vida's interests and linguistic research spanned vast areas including Semitic philology, Jewish and Islamic history, the Punic alphabet, and Syriac literature:
* "Gli ebrei: storia, religione, civiltà", Messina-Roma, 1924;
* "Storia e religione nell'Oriente semitico", Roma, 1924;
* "Elenco dei manoscritti arabo-islamici della Biblioteca Vaticana: Vaticani, Barberiniani, Borgiani, Rossiani", Città del Vaticano, 1935;
* "Ricerche sulla formazione del più antico fondo dei manoscritti orientali della Biblioteca Vaticana", Citta del Vaticano, 1939;
* "Secondo elenco dei manoscritti arabi islamici della Biblioteca Vaticana". Città del Vaticano, 1965;
* "Arabi ed Ebrei nella storia", Napoli, 1984;
* "Iscrizioni puniche della Tripolitania, 1927-1967". Roma, 1987;
* "Visita a Tamerlano: saggi di storia e letteratura", Napoli, 1988;
* "Aneddoti e svaghi arabi e non arabi", Milano-Napoli, 1959.
In addition to his scholarly publications, he also penned an autobiography in 1966, the recently reedited "Fantasmi ritrovati" (Napoli, Liguori, 2004).
Francesco Gabrieli, "La storiografia arabo-islamica in Italia", Napoli, Guida, 1975, pp. 63-71;
* IDEM, "Orientalisti del Novecento", Roma, Istituto per l'Oriente C. A. Nallino, 1993, pp. 33-38;
S. Moscati, "Ricordo di G. Levi Della Vida", Roma, 1968;
H. Goetz, "Il giuramento rifiutato: i docenti universitari e il regime fascista", Firenze, La nuova Italia, 2000;
G. Boatti, "Preferirei di no. le storie dei dodici professori che si opposero a Mussolini", Torino, Einaudi, 2001;
* "Dizionario del fascismo", a cura di
V. de Graziae S. Luzzatto, Torino, Einaudi, 2003
* http://dio.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/51/4/59 (English)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
LEVI DELLA VIDA, GIORGIO — (1886–1967), Italian Arabist and Semitist. Born in Piedmont, della Vida completed his university studies in rome . In 1914 he began to lecture at the University of Naples, went on to Turin, and in 1920 was appointed professor at Rome University … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Levi Della Vida — Levi Dẹlla Vida [ lɛːvi ], Giorgio, italienischer Orientalist, * Venedig 22. 8. 1886, ✝ Rom 25. 11. 1967; 1916 Professor in Turin, 1920 in Rom, 1938 in Philadelphia (Pa.), seit 1946 wieder in Rom; war führend auf dem Gebiet der Semitistik und… … Universal-Lexikon
Levi della Vida, Giorgio — (Venezia 1886 Roma 1967) scrittore e saggista; arabista … Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano
Giorgio — is a male Italian given name (and sometimes a surname) and may refer to:urname* Eusebio da San Giorgio, Italian painter * Francesco di Giorgio, Italian painter * Francesco Giorgio, Italian writer * Frank Di Giorgio, Canadian city councillor *… … Wikipedia
Leyes raciales fascistas — Las leyes raciales fascistas son un conjunto de medidas legislativas y administrativas (leyes, decretos, circulares, etc.) que fueron lanzadas en Italia entre 1938 y los primeros cinco años de la década de 1940, inicialmente por el régimen… … Wikipedia Español
List of West European Jews — Apart from France, established Jewish populations exist in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Italy and Switzerland. With the original medieval populations wiped out by the Black Death and the pogroms that followed it, the current Dutch and… … Wikipedia
Miguel Asín Palacios — (1871–1944) was a Spanish scholar of Islamic studies and the Arabic language, and a Roman Catholic priest. He is primarily known for suggesting Muslim sources for ideas and motifs present in Dante s Divine Comedy, which he discusses in his book… … Wikipedia
Fascisme et communauté juive — Le rapport entre le fascisme et la communauté juive se situe au départ dans un environnement favorable aux Juifs. Dans les premières années du XXe siècle, en Italie, cette communauté a été intégrée de manière satisfaisante dans la société.… … Wikipédia en Français
Fascisme et question juive — Antisémitisme Fondamentaux Définitions : Antijudaïsme · Antisémitisme · Judéophobie Allégations : « Peuple déicide, perfide et usurier, profanateurs … Wikipédia en Français
Al-Azraqī — Abū ʾl Walīd al Azraqī, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn al Walīd ibn ʿUqba ibn al Azraq, arabisch أيو الوليد الأزرقي , أحمد ابن محمد بن الوليد بن عقبة بن الأزرق († 837), war ein Historiker und der Verfasser des ältesten erhaltenen Werkes über die… … Deutsch Wikipedia