Party (law)


Party (law)

A party is a person or group of persons that compose a single entity which can be identified as one for the purposes of the law.

Courts use various terms to identify the role of a particular party in civil litigation, usually identifying the party that brings a lawsuit as the plaintiff, or, in older American cases, the "party of the first part"; and the party against whom the case was brought as the defendant, or, in older American cases, the "party of the second part".

See also

* Erga omnes
* "Ex parte" proceeding
* "Inter partes" proceeding
* Intervention (law)


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • party — par·ty n pl parties 1 a: one (as a person, group, or entity) constituting alone or with others one of the sides of a proceeding, transaction, or agreement the parties to a contract a person who signed the instrument as a party to the instrument… …   Law dictionary

  • party wall — n. A wall built on the border between two pieces of property that is shared equally by both owners. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008. party wall …   Law dictionary

  • party of the first part — Antiquated language used to identify one of the parties to an agreement. Modern contract practice is to identify parties with abbreviations, or by an identifier such as buyer, seller, lessee, lessor, licensee, or licensor. Category: Business,… …   Law dictionary

  • party of the second part — See: party of the first part Category: Business, LLCs & Corporations Nolo’s Plain English Law Dictionary. Gerald N. Hill, Kathleen Thompson Hill. 2009 …   Law dictionary

  • party in interest — see party 1b Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. party in interest …   Law dictionary

  • Party Wall etc. Act 1996 — Wales The Party Wall etc. Act 1996 as originally enacted. This Act came into force on 1 July, 1997 and made provision for works to existing party walls, the construction of new party walls and excavations near buildings on adjoining land. The Act …   Law dictionary

  • law — / lȯ/ n [Old English lagu, of Scandinavian origin] 1: a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority: as a: a command or provision enacted by a legislature see also statute 1 b:… …   Law dictionary

  • party aggrieved — see party 1b Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • party autonomy — The law which governs the procedure of an arbitration. Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. www.practicallaw.com. 2010 …   Law dictionary

  • party machine — index party (political organization) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary


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