James V of Scotland
James V Anonymous portrait of James V, probably contemporary King of Scots Reign 9 September 1513 – 14 December 1542 Coronation 21 September 1513 Predecessor James IV Successor Mary I Spouse Madeleine of Valois (1537)
Mary of Guise (1538–42)
Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Orkney
James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray
House House of Stewart Father James IV of Scotland Mother Margaret Tudor Born 10 April 1512
Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgowshire
Died 14 December 1542(aged 30)
Falkland Palace, Fife
Burial Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh
James V (10 April 1512 – 14 December 1542) was King of Scots from 9 September 1513 until his death, which followed the Scottish defeat at the Battle of Solway Moss. His only surviving legitimate child, Mary, succeeded him to the throne when she was just six days old.
The son of King James IV of Scotland and his queen Margaret Tudor, he was born on 10 April 1512, at Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgowshire, and was just seventeen months old when his father was killed at the Battle of Flodden Field on 9 September 1513.
James was crowned in the Chapel Royal at Stirling Castle on 21 September 1513. During his childhood, the country was ruled by regents, first by his mother, the sister of King Henry VIII of England, until she remarried the following year, and thereafter by John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, who was himself next in line to the throne after James and his younger brother, the posthumously-born Alexander Stewart, Duke of Ross. Other regents included Robert Maxwell, 5th Lord Maxwell, a member of the Council of Regency who was also bestowed as Regent of Arran, the largest island in the Firth of Clyde. In February 1517, James came from Stirling to Holyroodhouse, but during an outbreak of plague in the city he was moved to the care of Antoine d'Arces at nearby rural Craigmillar Castle. At Stirling, the 10-year-old James had a guard of 20 footmen dressed in his colours, red and yellow. When he went to the park below the Castle, "by secret and in right fair and soft wedder (weather)," six horsemen would scour the countryside two miles roundabout for intruders. Poets wrote his own nursery rhymes, advising him on royal behaviour. William Stewart in his Princelie Majestie counselled against ice-skating:To princes als it is ane vyce,
To ryd or run over rakleslie,Accordis nocht to thy majestie.
Or aventure to go on yce,
An impression of the Scottish court at Holyroodhouse on All Saints' Day 1524 is given by a letter of an English diplomat, Thomas Magnus: "trumpets and shamulles did sounde and blewe up mooste pleasauntely." Magnus saw the young king singing, with his horses, and playing with a spear at Leith, and was given the impression that he preferred English manners over French fashions. In 1525, Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, the young king's stepfather, took custody of James and held him as a virtual prisoner for three years, exercising power on his behalf. When James and his mother came to Edinburgh on 20 November 1526, she stayed in the chambers at Holyroodhouse which Albany had used, and James used the rooms above. In February 1527, Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond, gave James twenty hunting hounds and a huntsman. Magnus thought the Scottish servant sent to Sheriff Hutton Castle for the dogs was intended to note the form and fashion of the Duke's household, for emulation in Scotland. James finally escaped from Angus's care in 1528 and assumed the reins of government himself.
Reign and Religion
His first action as king was to remove Angus from the scene. The Douglas family were forced into exile and James besieged their castle at Tantallon. He then subdued the Border rebels and the chiefs of the Western Isles. As well as taking advice from his nobility and using the services of the Duke of Albany in France and at Rome, James had a team of professional lawyers and diplomats, including Adam Otterburn and Thomas Erskine of Haltoun. Even his pursemaster and yeoman of the wardrobe, John Tennent of Listonschiels was sent on an errand to England, though he got a frosty reception.
James increased his income by tightening control over royal estates and from the profits of justice, customs and feudal rights. He also gave his illegitimate sons lucrative benefices, diverting substantial church wealth into his coffers. James spent a large amount of his wealth on building work at Stirling Castle, Falkland Palace, Linlithgow Palace and Holyrood and built up a collection of tapestries from those inherited from his father.
Domestic and international policy was affected by the Reformation, especially after Henry VIII broke from the Catholic Church. James V did not tolerate heresy and during his reign, a number of outspoken Protestants were persecuted. The most famous of these was Patrick Hamilton, who was burned at the stake as a heretic at St Andrews in 1528. Later in the reign, the English ambassador Ralph Sadler tried to encourage James to close the monasteries and take their revenue, so that he would not have to keep sheep like a mean subject. James replied that he had no sheep, he could depend on his god-father the King of France, and it was against reason to close the abbeys which, "stand these many years, and God's service maintained and kept in the same, and I might have anything I require of them." (James did keep sheep; after his death 600 were given to James Douglass of Drumlanrig). However, James recovered money by getting Pope Clement VI to allow him to tax monastic incomes. On 19 January 1537 Pope Paul III sent James a sword and cap symbolising his prayers that James would be strengthened against heresies from across the border.
According to 16th-century writers, his treasurer James Kirkcaldy of Grange tried to persuade him against the persecution of Protestants and to meet Henry VIII at York. Although Henry VIII sent his tapestries to York in September 1541 ahead of a meeting, James did not come. The lack of commitment to this meeting was regarded by English observers as a sign that Scotland was firmly allied to France and Catholicism, particularly by the influence of Cardinal Beaton, Keeper of the Privy Seal.
James sailed to France for his first marriage and built up the royal fleet. In 1540 he sailed to Kirkwall in Orkney, then Lewis, in his ship the Salamander, first making a will in Leith, knowing this to be, "uncertane aventuris." The purpose of this voyage was to show the royal presence and hold regional courts, called "justice ayres."
As early as August 1517, a clause of the Treaty of Rouen provided that if the Auld Alliance between France and Scotland was maintained, James should have a French royal bride. Yet the daughters of Francis I of France were promised elsewhere or sickly. Perhaps to remind Francis of his obligations, James's envoys began negotiations for his marriage elsewhere from the summer of 1529, both to Catherine de'Medici, the Duchess of Urbino, and Mary of Austria, Queen of Hungary, the sister of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. But plans changed. In February 1533, two French ambassadors, Guillaume du Bellay, sieur de Langes, and Etienne de Laigue, sieur de Beauvais, who had just been in Scotland, told the Venetian ambassador in London that James was thinking of marrying Christina of Denmark.
Francis I insisted that his daughter Madeleine's health was too poor for marriage. Eventually, on 6 March 1536, a contract was made for James V to marry Mary of Bourbon, daughter of the Duke of Vendôme. She would have a dowry as if she were a French Princess. James decided to visit France in person. He sailed from Kirkcaldy on 1 September 1536, with the Earl of Argyll, the Earl of Rothes, Lord Fleming, David Beaton, the Prior of Pittenweem, the Laird of Drumlanrig and 500 others, using the Mary Willoughby as his flagship. First he visited Mary of Bourbon at St. Quentin in Picardy, but then went south to meet King Francis I. During his stay in France, in October 1536, James went boar-hunting at Loches with Francis, his son the Dauphin, the King of Navarre and Ippolito II d'Este.
James renewed the Auld Alliance and fulfilled the 1517 Treaty of Rouen on 1 January 1537 by marrying Madeleine of Valois, the king's daughter, in Notre Dame de Paris. The wedding was a great event: Francis I made a contract with six painters for the splendid decorations, and there were days of jousting at the Louvre. At his entry to Paris, James wore a coat described as "sad cramasy velvet slashed all over with gold cut out on plain cloth of gold fringed with gold and all cut out, knit with horns and lined with red taffeta." James V so liked red clothing that, during the wedding festivities, he upset the city dignitaries who had sole right to wear that colour in processions. They noted he could not speak a word of French. When James was at Compiègne on 25 February 1537, a messenger from Pope Paul III arrived with a gift of a sword and hat.
James and Madeleine returned from France on 19 May 1537, arriving at Leith, the king's Scottish fleet accompanied with ten great French ships. As the couple sailed northwards, some Englishmen had come aboard off Bridlington and Scarborough. While the fleet was off Bamburgh on 15 May, three English fishing boats supplied fish, and the King's butcher landed in Northumbria to buy meat. The English border authorities were dismayed by this activity.
Madeleine did not enjoy good health. In fact, she was consumptive and died soon after arrival in Scotland in July 1537. Spies told Thomas Clifford, the Captain of Berwick, that James omitted "all manner of pastime and pleasure," but continually oversaw the maintenance of his guns, going twice a week secretly to Dunbar Castle with six companions. James then proceeded to marry Mary of Guise, daughter of Claude, Duke of Guise, and widow of Louis of Orleans, Duke of Longueville, by proxy on 12 June 1538. Mary already had two sons from her first marriage, and the union produced two sons. However, both died in April 1541, just eight days after baby Robert was baptised. Their daughter and James's only surviving legitimate child, Mary, was born in 1542 at Linlithgow Palace.
James had legitimate issue only by his second spouse, Mary of Guise:
- James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (22 May 1540 – 21 April 1541)
- Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany (April 1541)
- Mary, later Queen of Scots
James V had nine known illegitimate children, at least three of whom were fathered before the age of 20. The young King was said to have been encouraged in his amorous affairs by the Angus regime to keep him distracted from politics. In addition to these aristocratic liaisons, David Lindsay described the king's other affairs in his poem, The Answer to the Kingis Flyting; 'ye be now strang lyke ane elephand, And in till Venus werkis maist vailyeand.'
Many of the sons of his aristocatic mistresses entered ecclesiastical careers.
- Adam Stewart (d. 20 June 1575), son of Lady Elizabeth Stewart (daughter of John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox.)
Prior of Charterhouse, Perth. Buried at St. Magnus, Kirkwall, Orkney; tombstone survives.
- James Stewart, son of Christine Barclay
- Jean Stewart (d. 7 January 1588), daughter of Elizabeth Bethune.
Married Archibald Campbell, 5th Earl of Argyll in 1553, divorced in 1573 due to desertion.
- James Stewart (c. 1529–57), son of Elizabeth Shaw.
Commendator of Kelso and Melrose.
- Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Orkney (b.1533), son of Euphame Elphinstone
Prior of Holyroodhouse Monastery and, after the Scottish reformation, its commendator.
- John Stewart, Lord Darnley (c. 1531 – November 1563), son of Elizabeth Carmichael (1514-1550) who later married John Somerville of Cambusnethan.
Prior of Coldingham Monastery in Inverness and, after the Scottish reformation, its commendator. He married Jean (or Jane) Hepburn, sister and heiress of James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell and fathered Francis Stewart, 1st Earl of Bothwell.
- James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, son of Margaret Erskine, James's favourite mistress.
Prior of St. Andrews, Advisor and rival to his half-sister, Mary, Queen of Scots and regent for his nephew, James VI.
- Robert Stewart, junior, (d. 1581), mother unknown.
Prior of Whithorn.
- Margaret Stewart, mother unknown.
According to legend, James was nicknamed "King of the Commons" as he would sometimes travel around Scotland disguised as a common man, describing himself as the "Gudeman of Ballengeich" ('Gudeman' means 'landlord' or 'farmer', and 'Ballengeich' was the nickname of a road next to Stirling Castle – meaning 'windy pass' in Gaelic). James was also a keen lute player. In 1562 Sir Thomas Wood reported that James had "a singular good ear and could sing that he had never seen before" (sight-read), but his voice was "rawky" and "harske." At court, James maintained a band of Italian musicians who adopted the name Drummond. These were joined for the winter of 1529/30 by a musician and diplomat sent by the Duke of Milan, Thomas de Averencia de Brescia, probably a lutenist. The historian Andrea Thomas makes a useful distinction between the loud music provided at ceremonies and professionals and instruments employed for more private occasion. This quieter music included a consort of viols played by four Frenchmen led by Jacques Columbell. It seems certain that David Peebles wrote music for James V and probable that the Scottish composer Robert Carver was in royal employ, though evidence is lacking.
As a patron of poets and authors James supported William Stewart and John Bellenden, who translated the Latin History of Scotland compiled in 1527 by Hector Boece into verse and prose. Sir David Lindsay of the Mount, the Lord Lyon, head of the Lyon Court and diplomat, was a prolific poet. He produced an interlude at Linlithgow Palace thought to be a version of his play The Thrie Estaitis in 1540. James also attracted the attention of international authors. The French poet Pierre de Ronsard, who had been a page of Madeleine of Valois, offered unqualified praise;
"Son port estoit royal, son regard vigoureux
De vertus, et de l'honneur, et guerre amoureux
La douceur et la force illustroient son visage
Si que Venus et Mars en avoient fait partage"
[His royal bearing, and vigorous pursuit
of virtue, of honour, and love's war,
this sweetness and strength illuminate his face,
as if he were Venus and Mars' child.]
When he married Mary of Guise, Giovanni Ferrerio, an Italian scholar who had been at Kinloss Abbey in Scotland, dedicated to the couple a new edition of his work, On the true significance of comets against the vanity of astrologers. Like Henry VIII, James employed many foreign artisans and craftsmen in order to enhance the prestige of his renaissance court. Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie listed their professions;
he plenished the country with all kind of craftsmen out of other countries, as French-men, Spaniards, Dutch men, and Englishmen, which were all cunning craftsmen, every man for his own hand. Some were gunners, wrights, carvers, painters, masons, smiths, harness-makers (armourers), tapesters, broudsters, taylors, cunning chirugeons, apothecaries, with all other kind of craftsmen to apparel his palaces.
One technological initiative was a special mill for polishing armour at Holyroodhouse next to his mint. The mill had a pole drive 32 feet long powered by horses. Mary of Guise's mother Antoinette of Bourbon sent him an armourer. In October 1538 the French armourer made steel plates for his jousting saddles, and delivered a skirt of plate armour in February 1540. When James took steps to suppress the circulation of salanderous ballads and rhymes against Henry VIII, Henry sent Fulke ap Powell, Lancaster Herald, to give thanks and to make arrangements for the present of a lion for James's menagerie of exotic pets.
War with England
The death of James's mother in 1541 removed any incentive for peace with England, and war broke out. Initially the Scots won a victory at the Battle of Haddon Rig in August 1542. The Imperial ambassador in London, Eustace Chapuys, wrote on 2 October that the Scottish ambassadors ruled out a conciliatory meeting between James and Henry VIII in England until the pregnant Mary of Guise delivered her child. Henry would not accept this condition and mobilised his army against Scotland.
James was with his army at Lauder on 31 October 1542. Although he hoped to invade England, his nobles were reluctant. He returned to Edinburgh on the way writing a letter in French to his wife from Falahill mentioning he had three days of illness. Next month his army suffered a serious defeat at the Battle of Solway Moss. He took ill shortly after this, on 6 December, by some accounts this was a nervous collapse caused by the defeat, although some historians consider that it may just have been an ordinary fever. John Knox later described his final movements in Fife. Whatever the cause of his illness, he was on his deathbed at Falkland Palace when his only surviving legitimate child, a girl, was born. Sir George Douglas of Pittendreich brought the news of the king's death to Berwick. He said James died at midnight on Thursday 15 December; the king was talking but delirious and spoke no "wise words." According to George Douglas in his delirium James lamented the capture of his banner and Oliver Sinclair at Solway Moss more than his other losses. An English chronicler suggested another cause of the king's grief was his discomfort on hearing of the murder of the English Somerset Herald, Thomas Trahern, at Dunbar. James was buried at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh.
Before he died, he is reported to have said, "it came wi a lass, it'll gang wi a lass" ("It began with a girl and it will end with a girl"). This was a reference to the Stewart dynasty, and how it came to the throne through Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce. As it happened, his words came true, although not with his daughter Mary but with the last monarch of the House of Stewart (then spelled "Stuart"), Queen Anne, who was his great-great-great-granddaughter.
James was succeeded by his infant daughter Mary. He was buried at Holyrood Abbey alongside his first wife Madeleine and his two sons in January 1543. David Lindsay supervised the construction of his tomb. One of his French artists, Andrew Mansioun, carved a lion and an inscription in Roman letters measuring eighteen feet for the tomb, which was later destroyed. Scotland was ruled by Regent Arran and was soon drawn into the war of the Rough Wooing.
Titles, styles, honours, and arms
Titles and styles
- 10 April 1512 – 9 September 1513: The Duke of Rothesay
- 9 September 1513 – 14 December 1542: His Grace The King
James's full style prior to acceding the throne was Prince James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Lord Renfrew, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland
James V has been depicted in historical novels, poems and short stories. They include:
- Scott, Sir Walter, The Lady of the Lake, a Romantic narrative poem published in 1810 set in the Trossachs. He appears in disguise. The poem was tremendously influential in the nineteenth century, and inspired the Highland Revival.
- Gibbon, Charles (1881), The Braes of Yarrow . The novels features Scotland in the aftermath of the Battle of Flodden, covering events to 1514. Margaret Tudor, "Boy-King" James V, and Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus are prominently featured.
- Barr, Robert (1902), A Prince of Good Fellows . James is the titular Prince and the main character. He is depicted as an "adventure-loving persona".
- Gunn, John, The Fight at Summerdale . The novel depicts Orkney, Edinburgh and Normandy in the 16th century. James V "appears more than once" in the various chapters.
- Knipe, John (1921), The Hour Before the Dawn . Depicts events "just before" and "after" the death of James V. James V, Mary of Guise and David Beaton are prominently depicted.
Ancestors of James V of Scotland 16. James I of Scotland 8. James II of Scotland 17. Joan Beaufort 4. James III of Scotland 18. Arnold, Duke of Gelderland 9. Mary of Guelders 19. Catherine of Cleves 2. James IV of Scotland 20. Dietrich, Count of Oldenburg 10. Christian I of Denmark 21. Helvig of Schauenburg 5. Margaret of Denmark 22. John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach 11. Dorothea of Brandenburg 23. Barbara of Saxe-Wittenberg 1. James V of Scotland 24. Owen Tudor 12. Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond 25. Catherine of Valois 6. Henry VII of England 26. John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset 13. Margaret Beaufort 27. Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso 3. Margaret Tudor 28. Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York 14. Edward IV of England 29. Cecily Neville 7. Elizabeth of York 30. Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers 15. Elizabeth Woodville 31. Jacquetta of Luxembourg
- ^ Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland, vol. 5, 130, extra locks bought.
- ^ Historic Manuscripts Commission, Earl of Mar & Kellie at Alloa House, (1904), 11–2, Ordinance for keeping James V, 3 August 1522.
- ^ Craigie, WA ed., Maitland Folio Manuscript, Scottish Text Society, (1919), 247.
- ^ State Papers Henry VIII, vol. 4 part 4 (1836), 209, Magnus & Radclyff to Wolsey, 2 Nov. 1524: cf. Letters & Papers Henry VIII, vol.4 (1875) no.830: 15 Nov. 1524: Ellis, Henry, ed., Original Letters Illustrative of English History, 1st Series, vol. 1 (1825), 251-252.
- ^ State Papers Henry VIII, vol. 4 part 4 (1836), 460, Christopher Dacre to Lord Dacre.
- ^ State Papers Henry VIII, vol. 4 part 4 (1836), 464-5, Magnus to Wolsey 14 February 1527: Letters & Papers Henry VIII, vol. 4 (1875), no. 2885
- ^ Thomas, Andrea, Princelie Majestie, John Donald (2005), 12-15, 36: Murray, Atholl, 'Pursemaster's Accounts', Miscellany of the Scottish History Society, vol. 10, (1965), 13-51.
- ^ Dunbar, John G., Scottish Royal Palaces, Tuckwell (1999).
- ^ Clifford, Arthur ed., Sadler State Papers, vol. 1 (1809), 30.
- ^ HMC 15th report and appendix, part viii, Duke of Buccleuch, (1897), 17, 6 January 1543.
- ^ Cameron, Jamie, James V, Tuckwell (1998), 260.
- ^ Hay, Denys, ed., Letters of James V, HMSO (1954), 328:Reid, John J., 'The Scottish Regalia', PSAS, 9 December (1889), 28: this sword is lost.
- ^ Steuart, A. Francis, ed., Memoirs of Sir James Melville of Halhill, Routledge (1929), 14-17.
- ^ Campbell, Thomas P., Henry VIII and the Art of Majesty, Tapesties at the Tudor Court, Yale (2007), 261:
- ^ Historic Manuscripts Commission, Earl of Mar & Kellie at Alloa House, (1904), 15, Will 12 June 1540: Cameron, Jamie, James V, Tuckwell (1998), 245-248.
- ^ Hay, Denys, Letters of James V, HMSO (1954), 51–52.
- ^ Calendar of State Papers Venice, vol. 4 (1871), no.861.
- ^ State Papers Henry VIII, vol.5 part 4 cont. (1836), pp.59-60.
- ^ Cameron, Jamie, James V, Tuckwell (1998), 131.
- ^ Hollingsworth, Mary, The Cardinal's Hat, Profile Books, (2004), 117.
- ^ Leproux, Guy-Michel, La peinture à Paris sous le règne de François Ier, (2001), 26.
- ^ Robertson, Joseph, Inventaires de la Royne d'Ecosse, Bannatyne Club, (1863), xii–xiii, note citing Thomson, Collection of Royal Inventories, (1815), 80–1.
- ^ Teulet, Piéces et documents inédits relatifs a l'histoire d'Ècosse, Bannatyne Club (1852), 122–5.
- ^ Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland, vol. 7 (1907), 18.
- ^ State Papers Henry VIII, vol. 5 part 4 cont., (1836), 79, Clifford to Henry VIII.
- ^ Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer, vol. 7 (1907), 24.
- ^ Letters & Papers Henry VIII, vol. 12 part 1 (1890), nos. 1237–8, 1256, 1286, 1307.
- ^ State Papers Henry VIII, vol.5 part IV cont., (1836) pp.94-95, Clifford to Henry VIII, 26 July 1537.
- ^ The Peerage — James V
- ^ Thomas, Andrea, 'Women at the Court of James V' in Ewan & Meikle ed., Women in Scotland, c.1100-c.1750, Tuckwell (1999), 86 citing the chronicles of George Buchanan, Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie, and David Lindsay's Complaynt of Scotland.
- ^ Williams, Janet Hadley ed., Sir David Lyndsay, Selected Poems, Glasgow (2000), 98-100, 257-9.
- ^ Clouston, J Storer (1919). "Some further early Orkney armorials" (PDF). PSAS. UK: AHDS. p. 186. http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/adsdata/PSAS_2002/pdf/vol_053/53_180_195.pdf. .
- ^ Memorie of the Somervilles, vol.1 (1815), pp.385-9, has 'Katherine' Carmichael.
- ^ Register of the Privy Seal, vol. 8 (1982), 485, no. 2742.
- ^ Black, Picturesque Tourist of Scotland, pp. 180–1, http://books.google.pl/books?id=-5DVKabC7PQC&pg=PA181&dq= .
- ^ "The Court of Mary, Queen of Scots". BBC Radio 3. 28 February 2010.
- ^ Hay, Denys, ed., Letters of James V, HMSO (1954), 163, 169, 170: Shire, Helena M., in Stewart Style, Tuckwell (1996), 129-133.
- ^ Thomas, Andrea, Princelie Majestie, John Donald (2005), 92–4, 98.
- ^ Thomas, Andrea, Princelie Majestie, John Donald (1998), 105–7.
- ^ Bingham, Caroline, James V, Collins (1971), 12, quoting William Drummond of Hawthornden, History of the 5 Jameses (1655), 348–9
- ^ Works, Edinburgh (1711), 115.
- ^ Ferrerio, Giovanni, De vera cometae significatione contra astrologorum omnium vanitatem. Libellus, nuper natus et aeditus, Paris , Vascovan, (1538).
- ^ Thomas, Andrea, Princelie Majestie, the court of James V, John Donald, (2005), 226-243.
- ^ Lindsay of Pitscottie, Robert, The History of Scotland, Edinburgh, (1778), 238: abbreviated in Lindsay of Pitscottie, vol. 2, (1814), 359.
- ^ Accounts of the Masters of Work, vol. 1, HMSO (1957), 101-102, 242 290: Thomas Andrea, Princelie Majestie, John Donald (2005), 173.
- ^ Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland, vol. 7 (1907), 95, 287 (taslet): Balcarres Papers, vol. 1, SHS (1923), 18, 20.
- ^ Letters & Papers Henry VIII, vol. 14 part 1, (1894), xix, no. 406: vol. 14 part 2, (1895), no. 781.
- ^ Calendar State Papers Spanish, 1542-1543, vol.6 part 2, London (1895), p.144, no.66.
- ^ State Papers Henry VIII, vol.5 part 4 part 2, (1836), 213: Laing, David, ed., The Works of John Knox, vol. 1, (1846) pp.389-391]
- ^ Strickland, Agnes, Lives of the queens of Scotland and English princesses, vol. 1, Blackwood (1850), 402 part translated only; now preserved as National Archives of Scotland SP13/27.
- ^ Knox, John, "from History of the Reformation, book 2,". http://www.nls.uk/scotlandspages/timeline/15422.html.
- ^ Bain, JS., ed., The Hamilton Papers, vol. 1, Edinburgh, (1890) 336-339.
- ^ Grafton's Chronicle, vol. ii, London (1809), 488.
- ^ Accounts of the Lord High Treasuer of Scotland, vol. 8 (1908) 142-143.
- ^ a b c d Nield (1968), p. 70
- ^ Nield (1968), p. 67
- Nield, Jonathan (1968), A Guide to the Best Historical Novels and Tales, Ayer Publishing, ISBN 9780833725097, http://books.google.com/books?id=904G29jMdzIC&printsec=frontcover&hl=el&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
James V of ScotlandBorn: 10 April 1512 Died: 14 December 1542
- Bingham, Caroline (1971), James V King of Scots, London: Collins, ISBN 0-00-211390-2
- Cameron, Jamie (1998), Macdougall, Norman, ed., James V: The Personal Rule, 1528–1542, The Stewart Dynasty in Scotland, East Linton: Tuckwell Press, ISBN 1-86232-015-4
- Dawson, Jane (2007), Scotland Reformed 1488–1587, The New Edinburgh History of Scotland, 6, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, ISBN 0-7486-1455-4
- Donaldson, Gordon (1965), Scotland: James V to James VII, The Edinburgh History of Scotland, III, Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd, ISBN 0-901824-851
- Dunbar, John (1999). Scottish Royal Palaces. Tuckwell Press. ISBN 186232042X.
- Ellis, Henry, 'A Household book of James V', in Archaeologia, vol. 22, (1829), 1-12
- Thomas, Andrea (2005), Princelie Majestie: The Court of James V of Scotland, Edinburgh: John Donald, ISBN 0-85976-611-X
- Williams, Janet Hadley (1996), Stewart Style 1513-1542, Edinburgh: Tuckwell Press, ISBN 1-898410-82-8
- Williams, Janet Hadley (2000), Sir David Lyndsay, Selected Poems, Glasgow: ASLS, ISBN 0-948877-46-4
- Wormald, Jenny (1981), Court, Kirk, and Community: Scotland 1470–1625, The New History of Scotland, 4, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, ISBN 0-7486-0276-3
Regnal titles Preceded by
King of Scots
9 September 1513 – 14 December 1542
Dukes of Rothesay
David (1398–1402) · James (1402–1406) · Alexander (1430) · James (1430–1437) · James (1452–1460) · James (1473–1488) · James (1507–1508) · Arthur (1509–1510) · James (1512–1513) · James (1540–1541) · James (1566–1567) · Henry Frederick (1603–1612) · Charles (1612–1625) · Charles James (1629) · Charles (1630–1649) · James (1688–1689) · George (1714–1727) · Frederick (1727–1751) · George (1762–1820) · Albert Edward (1841–1901) · George (1901–1910) · Edward (1910–1936) · Charles (1952–present)
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James I of Scotland — (1394–1437) James I, king of Scotland, is the purported author of the early 15th century ROMANCE called The KINGIS QUAIR (The king’s book), a poem owing a great deal to CHAUCER. Thus James (if he is indeed the poem’s author) is one of the… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
JAMES VI OF SCOTLAND AND I OF ENGLAND — son of Mary, Queen of Scots, and Darnley, born in Edinburgh Castle; was proclaimed king of Scotland when only 13 months old, in 1567; entrusted to the Earl of Mar, and educated by George Buchanan; Moray, Lennox, Mar, and Morton were… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Master of James IV of Scotland — Tree of Jesse by the Master The Master of James IV of Scotland (fl. ca. 1485 – ca. 1526) was a Flemish manuscript illuminator and painter most likely based in Ghent, or perhaps Bruges. Circumstantial evidence, including several larger panel pain … Wikipedia
James II of England — James II redirects here. For other uses, see James II (disambiguation). James II VII King of England, Scotland a … Wikipedia
James Francis Edward Stuart — James Francis Edward Prince of Wales James Francis Edward Stuart, The Old Pretender Jacobite pretender … Wikipedia
James Stewart, Duke of Ross — (March 1476 January 1504) was the son of King James III of Scotland and Margaret of Denmark. He was made Marquess of Ormonde at his baptism, Earl of Ross in 1481, and Duke of Ross in 1488.Stewart became Archbishop of St. Andrews in 1497 and Lord… … Wikipedia