- Yegor Gaidar
name = Yegor Gaidar Его́р Гайда́р
Prime Minister of Russia
June 15, 1992
December 14, 1992
| birth_date = birth date and age|1956|03|19
Union of Right Forces
Yegor Timurovich Gaidar ( _ru. Его́р Тиму́рович Гайда́р; IPA-ru|jɪˈgor tʲɪˈmurəvʲɪtɕ gɐjˈdar) (born
March 19, 1956) is a Russian economist and politician, and was Prime Minister of Russiafrom June 15 1992to December 14 1992. He is the grandson of famous Soviet writers Arkady Gaidar, on the side of his father, Pravdamilitary correspondent Timur Gaidar, who fought in Bay of Pigs Invasionand was friend of Raúl Castro. On his mother's side he is grandson of Pavel Bazhov. His daughter, Maria Gaidaris a leader of the political youth movement "Yes!" in Russia.
Gaidar graduated with honors from the
Moscow State University, Department of Economics, in 1978 and worked as a researcher in several academic institutes. A long-time member of the Communist Partyand an editor of the CPSUideological journal "Communist" during the perestroika, he turned a liberal during the time of Yeltsin's reforms. In 1991 he quit the Communist Party and joined Yeltsin's government.
While in government, Gaidar advocated liberal economic reforms according to the principle of shock therapy. His most well-known decision was to abolish price regulation by the state, which immediately resulted in a major increase of prices and amounted to officially authorizing a
market economyin Russia. He also cut military procurement and industrial subsidies, and reduced the budget deficit. Gaidar was the Minister of Economic Development from 1991 until 1992, and Minister of Finance from February 1992 until April 1992.
He was appointed Prime Minister under President
Boris Yeltsinin 1992 from June 15until December 14, when the anti-Yeltsin Congress of People's Deputiesrefused to confirm him in this position and instead chose Viktor Chernomyrdin. Gaidar was also the First Deputy Prime Minister from 1991 until 1992 and again from September 1993 until January 1994.
Later in 1994, after leaving the government, he became a founding member and chairman of the
Democratic Choice of Russiaparty. In 1999, he became a founding member and co-chairman, along with his longtime political ally Anatoly Chubaisof the Union of Right Forces. He served as a deputy of the State Dumafrom 1999 to 2003. In 2001 the Democratic Choice Party merged into the Union of Right Forces. After URF's failure to regain seats in the parliament in 2003, Gaidar gradually retired from public political activities, concentrating on research in economics.
Yegor Gaidar has over 100 publications in Australia, Czech Republic, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary,Ireland, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, Poland, Spain, Taiwan, UK, USA, and by international institutions.
In his book "Collapse of an Empire: Lessons for Modern Russia" he provided an analysis of the relationship between the energy prices and political events in Russia. He suggested that one of main reasons behind the
Soviet Union's fall was the low price of oil. Prices were also low during Yeltsin's rule, which was a serious problem that made political and economic reforms in the country very difficult. According to Gaidar, it is wrong to rely only on oil and gas, as it creates only a false impression of prosperity and stability in the country. He argued that a lot more must be done to promote real economic development.
* Director of the Institute for the Economy in Transition www.iet.ru
* Executive Vice-President of the
International Democratic Union( Conservative International)
* Steering Committee member "Arrabida Meetings" (Portugal)
* Member of the
Baltic Sea Cooperation Councilunder the Prime-Minister of Sweden
* Member of the Editorial Board of "Vestnik Evropy" (Moscow)
* Member of the Advisory Board of the "
Acta Oeconomica" (Budapest)
* Member of the Advisory Board of the
* Honorary Professor,
University of California, Berkeley.
* Terry Sanford Distinguished Lecturer,
* Honorary Academy member of the
Ukrainian Academy of Management
* Honorary Director, Russia- Ukraine Institute for Personnel and Management
2006 illness and alleged poisoning
November 28, 2006, Yegor Gaidar was found unconscious in County Kildare, Irelandwhere he had been presenting his new book "Lasting Time: Russia in the World". He was taken to a Dublin hospital but doctors said there was no serious threat to his health. There have been suspicions of a poisoning but Gaidar and his close ally Anatoly Chubaishave refrained from accusing the Russian Security Service. [ [http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,20845077-2703,00.html Second Russian in poison mystery] , November 29, 2006] On December 6 2006, Gaidar did claim in an op-ed published in both Russian-language and English-language publications, that he was poisoned by adversaries of the Russian authorities. He did not elaborate on who these adversaries may be.Fact|date=November 2007 He repeated his claim on the BBCprogramme Hardtalk. [Shown on BBC World19 February 2008]
Talks and interviews
At a talk show with
Yevgenia Albatson June 17, 2007, Gaidar predicted a probable sequence of future political events in Russia based on his personal sources and expertise. In response to one-sided recognition of Kosovoby Western powers, Russia will recognize independence of Abkhaziaand South Osetia. This will lead to a military conflict of Russia and Georgia, urgent changes in Russian Constitution, and Vladimir Putinremaining in his presidential position for a long time [http://www.echo.msk.ru/programs/albac/] .
* "Collapse of an Empire: Lessons for Modern Russia", by Yegor Gaidar, Brookings Institution Press (October 17, 2007), ISBN 0-815-73114-0.
* "Russian Reform / International Money" (Lionel Robbins Lectures) by Yegor Gaidar and Karl Otto Pöhl (Hardcover - Jul 6, 1995)
* "Days of Defeat and Victory" (Jackson School Publications in International Studies) by E. T. Gaidar, Yegor Gaidar, Michael McFaul, and Jane Ann Miller (Dec 1999)
* "State and Evolution: Russia's Search for a Free Market" by E. T. Gaidar, Yegor Gaidar, and Jane Ann Miller (Hardcover - Aug 2003)
* "The Economics of Russian Transition" by Yegor Gaidar (Aug 15, 2002)
* "Ten Years of Russian Economic Reform" by Sergei Vasiliev and Yegor Gaidar (Mar 25, 1999)
* [http://www.project-syndicate.org/contributors/contributor_comm.php4?id=165 Yegor Gaidar's Project Syndicate op/eds]
* [http://www.gaidar.org/ Yegor Gaidar's home page]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Yegor Gaidar — Егор Гайдар Primer Ministro de Rusia 12 de junio de 1992 – 15 de diciembre de 1992 Presidente … Wikipedia Español
Gaidar — is a name in Russian, Azerbaijani and Arabic.*Russian surname (Russian Гайдар), a pseudonym of Arkady Gaidar which was taken as a last name by his descendants: **Arkady Gaidar (real name Arkady Golikov, 1904 ndash;1941), Soviet writer of children … Wikipedia
Arkady Gaidar — Arkady Petrovich Golikov ( ru. Аркадий Петрович Голиков; (OldStyleDate|January 22|1904|January 9 mdash; October 26 1941), better known as Arkady Gaidar ( ru. Аркадий Гайдар), was a Soviet writer, whose stories were very popular among Soviet… … Wikipedia
Iegor Gaïdar — Iegor Timourovitch Gaïdar (en russe : Егор Тимурович Гайдар), né le 19 mars 1956 à Moscou et mort le 16 décembre 2009 … Wikipédia en Français
Maria Gaidar — Maria Gaidar, Moscow, 28 September 2006 Born Maria Egorovna Smirnova 21 October 1982 (1982 10 21) (age 29) Moscow, Russia … Wikipedia
Boris Yeltsin — Yeltsin redirects here. For other uses, see Yeltsin (disambiguation). Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin Борис Николаевич Ельцин 1st President of the Russian Federation In office 25 December 1991 – … Wikipedia
Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… … Universalium
History of the Soviet Union (1982–1991) — The history of the Soviet Union from 1982 through 1991, spans the period from Leonid Brezhnev s death and funeral until the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Due to the years of Soviet military buildup at the expense of domestic development,… … Wikipedia
Alexander Litvinenko poisoning — Alexander Litvinenko was a former officer of Russian Federal Security Service, who escaped prosecution in Russia and received a political asylum in Great Britain. He authored two books, and Lubyanka Criminal Group, where he accused Russian secret … Wikipedia
History of the Soviet Union (1985–1991) — The Soviet Union s collapse into independent nations began early in 1985. After years of Soviet military buildup at the expense of domestic development, economic growth was at a standstill. Failed attempts at reform, a stagnant economy and war in … Wikipedia