The Illawarra is a region in the
Australian state of New South Wales. It is a coastal region situated immediately south of Sydneyand north of the Shoalhavenregion, encompassing the cities of Wollongongand Shellharbourand the municipalityof Kiama. The central region contains Lake Illawarra.
The word "Illawarra" probably means "high place near the sea" in the local Aboriginal language. [cite web
accessdate = 2007-03-22 ] The region consists of a coastal plain, narrow in the north and wider in the south, bounded by the
Pacific Oceanon the east and a mountainous, almost impassable escarpment forming the eastern edge of the Southern Highlands plateau, to the west. In the middle of the region is Lake Illawarra, a shallow lake formed when sediment built up at the entrance to a bay. The district extends from the southern hills of the Royal National Parkin the north to the Shoalhaven Riverin the south, and contains the city of Wollongong, the third largest urban area in New South Wales. North of Wollongong the plain narrows to a small strip of land between the coast and the escarpment. At Coalcliff and Stanwell Parksmall valleys are formed allowing further settlement. To the south it widens, and becomes increasingly hillier before reaching Stockyard Mountain, a long divide between the main plain and the JamberooValley, which stretches until it reaches Kiama. South of Kiama is Saddleback Mountain and south of that the Shoalhaven plains and the outcrop of Coolangatta Mountain.
The main industries in the area have traditionally been farming, coal mining and
steel making. Australia's largest steel works, BlueScope Steelis located at Port Kembla. The area, especially around Port Kemblaand Wollongongwas once known for its mainly industrial jobs, but since the 1990s commerce has played an increasing role in the city, overtaking industry in many areas.
The Illawarra region is linked to Sydney by several passes and a motorway (
Southern Freeway) and electric railway (see South Coast railway line); to the west by the Illawarra Highwayand Picton Road; and to the south by the Princes Highway. At Albion Parkthe Illawarra Regional Airport serves the region.
Towns and Government
The Illawarra is administered by four councils:
Wollongong City Council, Shellharbour City Council, Kiama Counciland partly the Shoalhaven City Council.
*Wollongong council is the northernmost council, ranging from Helensburgh to
Lake Illawarra, with northernmost coastal suburb Stanwell Parkand southernmost suburbs including Windang, Yallah and Haywards Bay.
*The Shellharbour council is south of Wollongong, and ranges from the southern shores of
Lake Illawarra, west to the escarpment, and south to the Minnamurra River.
*The Kiama LGA's (local government area) northern border is the
Minnamurra Riverand covers all the area to about 4 km south of Gerroa.
*The Shoalhaven City Council covers the southernmost reaches of the Illawarra, and further south to Ulladulla.
The Illawarra area currently has a population of 409,734 (as of 2004) [cite web
publisher =Australian Bureau of Statistics
Wollongong Hawkshave represented the region (previously known as the Illawarra Hawks) since the foundation year of the NBL, 1979.
Wollongong Wolvesparticipated in the now defunct NSL, winning back to back premierships in 2000 and 2001. The Wolves were not selected for the NSL's replacement, the A-League, and now compete in the New South Wales Premier Leagueunder the name Wollongong FC. The region may have an A-League as early as 2009, with a group known as Great Southern Football organising a bid for entry into the expanded competition. The consortium currently have sponsorship backing totaling $4.5 million a year (if successful).
Illawarra Steelers Rugby LeagueFootball Club played in the NSWRL football competition, then the NRL, from 1982 to 1998, and currently forms one half of the St George Illawarra Dragonsjoint venture. They are the premier sports side in the Illawarra and many famous footballers, such as Bob Fulton, Graeme Langlands, Mick Cronin, Rod Wishart, Paul McGregor, Craig Fitzgibbonand Luke Baileyhave come from the Illawarra region. The Illawarriors rugby unionclub contest the Shute Shield.
Electoral district of Illawarra, a seat in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Illawarra Coke Company
Australian Regional Rivalries
* [http://www.northernillawarra.com.au/ "Northern Illawarra Online"] - Web portal to the Northern Coastal Villages of Wollongong
* [http://www.niosurf.net.au/ "NiOSurf"] - Live surfcam and conditions in the Northern Illawarra
* [http://www.nicc.net.au/ "Northern Illawarra Chamber of Commerce"] - Serving the Northern Illawarra since 1996
* [http://www.illawarracoal.com/ "Illawarra Coal"] - An unofficial history of coal mining in the Illawarra
* [http://www.investillawarra.com.au/ "invest Illawarra"] - an overview of the Illawarra region provided by the
Illawarra Regional Development Board.
* [http://www.bcl.id.au/rides.html Rides around the Illawarra] - Scenery and Surf - what more can you want?
* [http://www.larkin.net.au/046_illawarra_01.html Illawarra image galleries] - Photographs of the region taken by a local resident
* [http://www.seacliffbridge.com.au/ "Sea Cliff Bridge"] - SeaCliffBridge.com provides live local weather, visitor & community information for Sea Cliff Bridge and the Northern Illawarra, NSW, Australia. This website can be translated into a number of languages.
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Look at other dictionaries:
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