Lake Illawarra

Lake Illawarra (coord|34|31|S|150|50|E [ [http://www.ga.gov.au/bin/gazd01?rec=56202 Lake Illawarra page] at Geoscience Australia] ) is a large coastal lagoon, near the city of Wollongong about 100 km south of Sydney, New South Wales.

The towns of Dapto and Shellharbour are near the lake, which receives the runoff from the Illawarra escarpment through the Macquarie Rivulet.

Matthew Flinders and George Bass called the lake Tom Thumb's Lagoon on Flinders' chart, named after their little boat the "Tom Thumb", when they were there in March 1796. [gutenberg|no=12929|name=A Voyage to Terra Australis|author=Matthew Flinders] [Miriam Estensen, "The Life of George Bass", Allen and Unwin, 2005, ISBN 1-74114-130-3, page 53.]

Lake Illawarra has a narrow tidal entrance to the sea at Windang. The lake is shallow (2-3 metres average) and vulnerable to pollution and urban run-off. It was used as a source of cooling water for the now-closed Tallawarra Power Station at Mount Brown.

Birds found at the lake include pelicans, cormorants, musk ducks, hoary headed grebes, black swans, black ducks, grey teal ducks, herons, ibises and spoonbills. [ [http://www.wollongong.nsw.gov.au/library/localinfo/dapto/ Dapto - local area information] ]

References

* [http://www.lia.nsw.gov.au/ Lake Illawarra Authority]
* [http://www.waterwise.nsw.gov.au/estuaries/inventory/illawarra.shtml Estuaries in NSW - Lake Illawarra]

Further reading

* [http://www.publish.csiro.au/?paper=MF9940977 Ash distribution and metal contents of Lake Illawarra bottom sediments]
* [http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=2846945 Spatial variation of sediment-bound zinc, lead, copper and rubidium in Lake Illawarra, a coastal lagoon in eastern Australia]
* [http://www.springerlink.com/content/u68680p02lr52238/ Inorganic nutrient and oxygen fluxes across the sediment–water interface in the inshore macrophyte areas of a shallow estuary (Lake Illawarra, Australia)]
* [http://www.publish.csiro.au/?paper=MF9870795 Ostracoda in Lake Illawarra: Environmental factors, assemblages and systematics.]
* [http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=18073428 Organic matter and benthic metabolism in Lake Illawarra, Australia]
* [http://www.jcronline.org/perlserv/?request=get-abstract&doi=10.2112%2F03-0110.1 Holocene Sea Level Fluctuations and the Sedimentary Evolution of a Barrier Estuary: Lake Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia]
* [http://www.lia.nsw.gov.au/facts/data_report.pdf Lake Illawarra Data Compilation and Assessment]


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