Duchies in England
The only modern duchies in England are those of Cornwall and Lancaster. Unlike historic duchies, these are no longer coextensive with a distinct geographic area, though they originate in the palatine counties of Cornwall and Lancaster. Rather, they are "Crown bodies," regulated by Acts of Parliament, that have some of the powers of a corporation or trust. They invest primarily in land, and their income is payable either to the monarch or the monarch's eldest son.
The Duchy of Cornwall currently owns approximately 141,000 acres (570 km²) in England. This includes just over 2% of the county of Cornwall. The majority of the estate lies elsewhere, with half being on Dartmoor in Devon. The income of the Duchy of Cornwall accrues to the Duke of Cornwall, who is the monarch's eldest son if heir to the throne (and thus currently the Prince of Wales). The estate reported a profit of over £7,800,000 for the year ending March 31, 2002[update].
The Duchy of Lancaster owns approximately 46,500 acres (188 km2) including Lancaster Castle and is administered by a Chancellor. The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is normally a member of the British Cabinet. The income of the Duchy of Lancaster accrues to the Duke of Lancaster a title which has been held by the reigning monarch since 1413.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dual monarchy of England and France — The Royal Arms of England during Henry VI s reign The dual monarchy of England and France existed during the latter phase of the Hundred Years War when Charles VII of France and Henry VI of England disputed the succession to the throne of France … Wikipedia
Duchy — A duchy is a territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess. Some duchies were sovereign in areas that would become unified realms only during the Modern era (such as Germany and Italy). In contrast, others were subordinate districts of… … Wikipedia
Duchy of Cornwall — The arms of the Duchy of Cornwall. The Duchy of Cornwall is one of two royal duchies in England, the other being the Duchy of Lancaster. The eldest son of the reigning British monarch inherits the duchy and title of Duke of Cornwall at the time… … Wikipedia
Duchy of Lancaster — The arms of the Duchy of Lancaster The Duchy of Lancaster is one of the two royal duchies in England, the other being the Duchy of Cornwall. It is held in trust for the Sovereign, and is used to provide income for the use of the British… … Wikipedia
Palatine — may refer to:In titles: * Palatine (Kingdom of Hungary), vice regent of Hungary * Count palatine, vice regal office bearers in Germany ** Voivode or Count palatine, a governor in Poland * The holder of a county palatine, northern counties/duchies … Wikipedia
Bremen-Verden — Duchies of Bremen and Verden Herzogtümer Bremen und Verden (de) Hertigdömet Bremen och Hertigdömet Verden (sv) States of the Holy Roman Empire, enfeoffed to 1) the Swedish Crown in 1648 2) the Hanoverian Crown in 1733 … Wikipedia
Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… … Universalium
Duke — For other uses, see Duke (disambiguation) and Duchess (disambiguation). Royal and noble ranks Emperor Empress King Queen … Wikipedia
Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… … Universalium
Germany — • History divided by time periods, beginning with before 1556 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Germany Germany † … Catholic encyclopedia