Black Hand (Palestine)


Black Hand (Palestine)

The Black Hand ( _ar. (transliteration) "al-Kaff al-Aswad") was an Islamic resistance organization in the British Mandate of Palestine. It was founded in 1930 and led by Syrian-born Shaykh Izz ad-Din al-Qassam until his death in 1935.

After the failure of the 1921 Syrian revolt that he led, al-Qassam escaped to Haifa and engaged in recruitment and military training of Arab recruits. The group was first composed of clandestine cells, holding no more than 5 to 10 fighters. This organization became known as the Black Hand. At it's peak, it consisted of around 500 to 800 armed forces. In various acts of resistance they targeted Jewish military forces, many of them members of the radical Jewish terrorist organizations, the Haganah, Irugn, and Stern Gang.The group also, in addition to it's armed struggle, engaged in sabotage of illegal Jewish settlements and Jewish military grounds.

Al-Qassam justified his group's military operations as legitimate resistance against Jewish and, later, British occupation. After the 1929 Hebron uprising, The Black Hand intensified it's struggle against Jewish military targets.

On November 20, 1935, after killing a Palestine police officer, al-Qassam was surrounded by British police in a cave near Jenin and killed in a gunbattle along with three of his fighters. Some of The Black Hand's surviving members participated in the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine.

References

See also

*Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni
*Jihad

External links

* [http://www.andrewbostom.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=17&Itemid=27&limit=1&limitstart=4 The Legacy of Jihad in Palestine] By Andrew G. Bostom


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Black Hand (disambiguation) — Black hand may refer to:in underground groups *Black Hand (extortion), racket practised by gangsters of Camorra and Mafia. *Black Hand of Serbia, secret society devoted to Serbian unification in 1910s. *Black Hand (Palestine), an Islamist… …   Wikipedia

  • Palestine Liberation Organization — P.L.O. and PLO redirect here. For Pot Limit Omaha, a variant of Poker, see Omaha hold em#Pot limit Omaha. Palestine Liberation Organization منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية Leader Mahmo …   Wikipedia

  • Black-winged Stilt — Adult H. h. himantopus, Pak Thale, Phetchaburi, Thailand Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Palestine — /pal euh stuyn / for 1, 2; /pal euh steen / for 3, n. 1. Also called Holy Land. Biblical name, Canaan. an ancient country in SW Asia, on the E coast of the Mediterranean. 2. a former British mandate (1923 48) comprising part of this country,… …   Universalium

  • Black Death — ), [ [http://www.pasteur.fr/actu/presse/press/07pesteTIGR E.htm Researchers sound the alarm: the multidrug resistance of the plague bacillus could spread] ] but recently attributed by some to other diseases.The pandemic is thought to have begun… …   Wikipedia

  • Mandate Palestine — Mandate for Palestine الانتداب البريطاني على فلسطين המנדט הבריטי על פלשתינה א י Mandate of the United Kingdom ← …   Wikipedia

  • 1920 Palestine riots — The 1920 Palestine riots, or Nabi Musa riots, took place in British Mandate of Palestine April 4–7, 1920 in and around the Old City of Jerusalem. The events coincided with and are named after the Christian/Muslim Easter holiday Nabi Musa and… …   Wikipedia

  • Commentary on Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid — Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid   Cover showing the author, lef …   Wikipedia

  • British Mandate of Palestine — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Mandate for Palestine common name = Palestine| continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East region = the Middle East country = Palestine era = Interwar Period status =… …   Wikipedia

  • 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Civil War in Palestine (1947 1948) partof=the 1948 Palestine war date=30 November 1947 14 May 1948 place=British Mandate of Palestine caption=Jewish soldiers defending Katamon, Jerusalem. result=1948 Palestinian …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.