- Gujarati people
group = Gujaratis
Mahatma Gandhi• Ratan Tata• Rajdeep Sardesai
Dhirubhai Ambani• Irfan Pathan• Vikram Sarabhai
population = c. 40 to 60 million
region1 = flag|India: States of
pop1 = 45.5 million
ref1 = lower| [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=IN Languages of India] , "Ethnologue.com" (retrieved 30 October 2007)]
region2 = flag|United Kingdom
region3 = flag|Tanzania
region4 = flag|Uganda
region5 = flag|South Africa|
region6 = flag|Kenya
region7 = flag|Madagascar
region8 = flag|Malawi
region9 = flag|Malaysia
region10 = flag|Fiji
region11 = flag|Singapore
region12 = flag|Mauritius
region12 = flag|Mauritius
region13 = flag|United States
region14 = flag|Canada
region15 = flag|Australia
langs = Gujarati
Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism(see Parsis), Jainism, Christianity|
Gujarati people (Gujarati: ગુજરાતી લોકો "Gujǎrātī loko"), or Gujaratis, is an umbrella term used to describe traditionally Gujarati-speaking
Indo-Aryanpeople who can trace their ancestry to the state of Gujaratin India.
Gujarati people are primarily located in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent, specifically in the state of
Gujarat. A large number of Gujaratis also inhabit the states Rajasthan, Maharashtraand Madhya Pradeshof Indiaas well as the former Portuguese-ruled territories of Daman and Diuand Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Additionally, the Gujarati languagehas been adopted by communities such as the Kacchis, who use it as their literary language[A. Dalby "Gujarati" in "Dictionary of languages: the definitive reference to more than 400 languages". New York: Columbia University Press, 1998. p. 237. ISBN 0231115687] , and the Parsis, who had made the Gujarat region of the Indian subcontinenttheir home. Ahmedabadand Vadodaraare largely considered to be the cultural capitals of Gujarat.
Significant migrant Gujarati communities are found around the world. The largest expatriate Gujarati population is the former migrant-worker community in the
United Kingdom. Other major Gujarati communities are found mainly in South and East Africa(most notably Tanzania, Uganda, South Africa, Mozambique - a substantial number of Gujaratis from this former Portuguese colony settled in Portugal after its independence) and South-East Asia( Myanmar, Malaysia). A large number of Gujaratis also live in the United States. There is also a significant community of Gujaratis in parts of Pakistan, many of whome have been settled in Sindh for generations and a sizable number which migrated after the Partition of Indiaand subsequent creation of independent Pakistan in 1947. These Pakistani Gujaratis belong mainly to the Khoja Bohra, Charotar Sunni Vohra and Memon groups; however, many gujaratis are also a part of Pakistan's small but vibrant Hindu community . Many Gujaratis in Pakistan still have ties to relatives in Gujarat and have preserved Gurjarati as their native language, while a growing number have adopted Urdu as theirs.
The majority of
Hinduand JainGujaratis are vegetarian. Gujarati cuisinefollows the traditional Indian full meal structure of rice, cooked vegetables (curry-like in texture, lentil curry or daal and " roti". The different types of rotli (breads) that a Gujarati cooks are rotli or chapati, bhakhri, thepla or dhebara, puri, maal purah and puran-pohli. Ghari and Khakhraare also eaten as rotli, but they are usually eaten as a snack. Khaman, Dhokla, dhokli, dal-dhokli, undhiyu, fafda, chevdoh, papdi, muthia, bhajia, patra, bhusu and Sev mamraare traditional Gujarati dishes savoured by many communities across the world. Khichdi- a mix of rice and toor daal, a type of lentil, cooked with little spices in a pressure cooker - is a very favorite Gujarati meal. It is found very satisfying by most Gujaratis, and cooked very regularly in most homes, typically on a busy day due to its ease of cooking. It can also become an elaborate meal when served with several side dishes such as a vegetable curry, yogurt, papad, mango pickle, and onions. It is found to be served in Gujarati immigrant families settled abroad even after decades of being outside India.
Gheein meals is very common. For example, rice or khichdion rotli. The meal is usually accompanied with a sweet and a salty snack ("farsaan") like Vada. Gujarati cookbook writers like Tarla Dalal are famous internationally.
Gujaratis are more comfortable cooking with peanut oil (shing tel). However, while living abroad they adjust their cooking method with available canola or sunflower oil. The making of masala is traditionally done on grinding stones. Nowadays, people use a blender or grinder to make masala. Each person makes masala differently, hence cooking tastes differ depending on the household. People from north Gujarat use dry red chili powder, whereas people from south Gujarat prefer using green chili and coriander in their cooking. Gujarati Jains (and many Hindus) avoid using garlic and onions in their cooking. Traditionally Gujaratis eat
Mukhwasor paanat the end of a meal. In many parts of Gujarat, having Chhass butter milkor soda after lunch or dinner is quite common. Gujarati families celebrate Sharad Purnimaby having dinner with doodh-pauva under moonlight.
Indian jewelry like mangalsutras, necklaces, nose rings, earrings, bangles and rings, toe rings, bracelets are all part of the Gujarati attire. Most of this jewelry is made in 22 carat gold but with incidence of theft rising, cheaper
costume jewelryis becoming more common. During weddings, Gujarati brides wear a lot of jewelry. It is common to see a Gujarati (Hindu) male wearing a gold chain and a ring.
Years ago, only married Gujarati (Hindu) women wore a red
bindi(red powder worn in a round shape on the forehead also found in the form of stickers). These days, most women, married or not, wear 'bindi' as a fashion accessory when they wear traditional Indian outfits. Modern Bindis are like stickers, and are available in various shapes, sizes, colors and designs. Only married women however , wear red powder, called 'sindoor', in a short straight line on the scalp, starting near the hairline and covers the area where the hair is generally parted(middle). During a traditional Hindu wedding, the groom applies 'sindoor' on the bride for the very first time. This act can be compared to a ring ceremony in western weddings.
There are several different outfits that are worn by both men and women depending on the occasion. Generally, men wear pants and shirts or t-shirts and younger women wear normal western outfits like skirts, dresses, jeans, etc. Older women usually wear
saris or salwar kamiz.
Arts, literature, and entertainment
Fabric designs involve use of
Batik. The embedding of mirrors (called "abhla") in fabric is a favourite among art lovers. Wall hangings demonstrate use of knitting and embedding of mirrors. Gujarati pottery includes different kinds of deeva (lamps) and pots. During the festival of Navratri, youngsters wear traditional dress and go out to play dandia and sing garbas.Typically men wear Kediaand women wear Ghaghra Cholee to dance in Navratri
Gujarati theatre owes a lot to bhavai.
Bhavaiis a musical performance of stage plays. Ketan Mehta and Sanjay Leela Bhansali explored artistic use of bhavai in films such as " Bhavni Bhavai", " Oh Darling! Yeh Hai India" and " Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam". Dayro (gathering) involves singing and conversation reflecting on human nature.
Gujarati literature has come a long way since being pioneered by
Narmad. Saraswatichandra is a landmark novel by Govardhanram Tripathi. Writers like K. M. Munshi, Suresh Dalal, Jyotindra Dave, Tarak Mehta, Harkisan Mehta, Chandrakant Bakshi, Pannalal Patel, Prahlad Brahmabhatt, Vinod Bhatt, Kanti Bhatt, Makarand Dave, Kalapi, and Varsha Adalja have influenced Gujarati thinkers.
A huge contribution to Gujarati language literature came from the Swaminarayan paramhanso, like Bramhanand, Premanand, with prose like
Vachanamrutand poetry in the form of bhajans.
Gujarati films have made artists like Upendra Trivedi, Snehlata, Raajeev,
Mahesh Kumar Kanodia, Naresh Kanodia, Aruna Iraniand Asranipopular in the entertainment industry. In the U.S., Bali Brahmbhattcame up with the hit song "Patel Rap", referring to changing values of Gujarati culture.
There are dedicated television channels airing Gujarati programs.
Prominent Gujarati people
* Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi), Father of the Nation, Leader of the Indian independence movement
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, also known as Sardar Patel, the founder of modern United India
Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Founder of Pakistan
Swami Dayananda, founder of Arya Samaj, a monotheistic Hindu sect
Umashankar Joshi, Prominent Gujarati poet and writer
Morarji Desai, former Prime Minister of India
Narendra Modi, chief minister Gujarat.
Anil Ambani, industrialist
Dhirubhai Ambani, industrialist
Mukesh Ambani, industrialist and one of the world's richest men [http://www.newslocale.org/finance/fnews/ril_denies_mukesh_ambani_is_world%92s_richest_man_20071030641.html] [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/A_day_later_RIL_says_Mukesh_not_richest/articleshow/2502073.cms] [http://www.timesnow.tv/Newsdtls.aspx?NewsID=3913] .
Tulsi TantiBillionare, energy giant.
Jagdish Bhagwati, economist
Hasmukhbhai Parekh, founder owner of HDFC bank.
Manibhai Desai, Gandhian who helped to transform Indian agriculture and dairyindustries
Hemachandra, Jainscholar and author of the Gurjar ( Solanki) kingdom of Gujarat
Pramukh Swami Maharaj, religious Leader of BAPS Swaminarayan Organisation
Azim Premji, founder of Wipro
Vasant Rai, musician
Vikram Sarabhai, first head of the Indian Space Research Organization
Harilal Upadhyay, Author, Poet, Astrologer
Ahmed Deedat, Famous Muslim researcher and preacher of Islam
Sheetal Sheth, U.S. Actor
Mallika Sarabhai,Bollywood Actress
Sanjeeda Sheikh, Bollywood Actress
Asha Parekh, Bollywood Actress
Sanjeev Kumar, Bollywood Actor
Farukh Sheikh, Bollywood Actor
Paresh Rawal, Bollywood Actor
Zubeida, Bollywood Actresses
Amisha Patel, Bollywood Actress
Karan Patel,Bollywood Actor
Upen Patel,Bollywood Actor
Niyati Joshi, Bollywood Actress
Prachi Desai, Bollywood Actress
Isha Sharvani,Bollywood Actress
Ayesha Takia,Bollywood Actress
Poonam Joshi, Bollywood Actress
Divyanka Tripathi, Bollywood Actress
Krishna Gokani,Bollywood Actress
Nupur Joshi,Bollywood Actress
Nazneen Patel, Bollywood Actress
Sunidhi Chauhan,Bollywood Singer
Mauli Dave, Bollywood Singer
Nihari Joshi,Bollywood Singer
Ketan Mehta,Bollywood Director
Aalek Mehta, industrialist from Antwerp
Prof. V. K. SapovadiaProfessor, IIM: Consultant, World Bank
Rajdeep Sardesai, Journalist
Vir Sanghavi, Journalist
Ratan Tata, Chairman of Tata Industries
Himesh Reshamiya, Music composer & Bollywood Singer
Irfan Pathan, Indian Cricketer
Danish Kaneria, Pakistani Cricketer
Hari Punja, Fijian business tycon founder of Four Mills of Fiji (FMF) and family owned Punja & Sons Lautoka Fiji
* Prahalad Brahmbhatt, Journalist and Novelist
J.M.Patel, who disposed 20 bombs, taking personal risk, in Surat during 2008 and saved Surat city, expert in bomb disposal
Raj Bhavsar, 2008 Olympics Bronze Medalist for the US Gymnastics Team.
Kal Penn, also known as Kalpen Modi, US-based actor and leading Obama supporter.
* Ravi Chavda
* Raakesh MakanjiProminent personalities of Gujarati ancestry include
Freddy Mercury(a Parsi), Yashvi Patel, and Ben Kingsley(Ismali Muslim father of Khoja Gujarati descent) Jiten Shukla, Prime Minister
List of people from Gujaratfor a more comprehensive list
first= Krishanlal Mohanlal (ed.)
title= The Gujaratis: The People, Their History, and Culture
place= New Delhi
publisher= Cosmo Publications. [http://www.harilalupadhyay.org - Online information about the gujarati author] [http://www.gujjuweb.com - worldwide gujarati community]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Gujarati — (ગુજરાતી) may refer to anything of or relating to Gujarat, India and may refer directly to the following articles: * Gujarati people * Gujarati language * Gujarati script * Gujarati cuisine * Gujarati, a style of sari draping … Wikipedia
Gujarati grammar — The grammar of the Gujarati language is the study of the word order, case marking, verb conjugation, and other morphological and syntactic structures of the Gujarati language, an Indo Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat and… … Wikipedia
Gujarati — 1. noun a) Language spoken in the state of Gujarat, India b) A person from Gujarat 2. adjective Of, from, or pertaining to Gujarat, or the Gujarati people … Wiktionary
Gujarati Sahitya Parishad — (Gujarati Literary Council) is a literary institution for the promotion of Gujarati literature located in the city of Ahmedabad, India. It was founded by Ranjitram Mehta with an aim of creating literature appealing to all classes of the society… … Wikipedia
Gujarati cuisine — refers to the cuisine of the people from the state of Gujarat in the Western Region of India. It is primarily vegetarian,fact|date=May 2008 due to the influence of Hinduism and Jainism. The typical Gujarati Thali consists of Rotli (a flat bread… … Wikipedia
Gujarati — [goo΄jə rät′ē] n. 1. a person born or living in Gujarat 2. the Indo Aryan language spoken in Gujarat adj. of Gujarat or its people, language, or culture … English World dictionary
Gujarati — /gudʒəˈrati/ (say goohjuh rahtee) adjective 1. of or relating to Gujarat, its inhabitants, or the Gujarati language. –noun 2. an Indic language of western India. 3. a people of India living mainly in Gujarat. 4. (plural Gujarati or Gujaratis) a… … Australian English dictionary
Gujarati — noun Etymology: Hindi gujarātī, from Gujarāt Gujarat Date: 1808 1. (or Gujerati) the Indo Aryan language of Gujarat and neighboring regions in northwestern India 2. (or Gujrati) a member of a people chiefly of Gujarat speaking the Gujarati… … New Collegiate Dictionary
Sindhi people — This article is about the socio ethnic group of South Asia. For other uses, see Sindhi. Sindhis سنڌي सिन्धी … Wikipedia
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