St. Maurice's Abbey
St. Maurice's Abbey ( _fr. Abbaye de Saint-Maurice d'Agaune) in the modern town of Saint-Maurice, Canton of Valais,
Switzerland, anciently the Roman staging-post of Agaunum, now in the diocese of Sion, is situated against a cliff in a picturesque section of the Simplon Passbetween Genevaand northern Italy. [http://www.handprint.com/HP/WCL/artist08.html, website accessed September 27, 2006.] The abbey itself is a territorial abbacy and not part of a diocese. It is best known for its connection to stories of martyrdom of the Theban legions, its practice of perpetual psalmody, and a renowned collection of art and antiquity.
St. Maurice's Abbey is built on the ruins of a 1st Century B.C. Roman shrine to the god Mercury in the Roman staging-post of Agaunum, and first came to prominence due to a now disputed account by
St. Eucherius, Bishop of Lyon. Eucherius experienced a revelation that convinced him of the martyrdom of a Roman legion, known as the "Theban Legion", around 285A.D., in the area where the abbey is located.
515, the basilicaof St. Maurice of Agaunum became the center of a monastery under the patronage of King Sigismund of Burgundy, the first ruler in his dynasty to convert from Arian Christianity to TrinitarianChristianity.
The abbey became known for a form of perpetual psalmody known as
laus perennisthat was practised there beginning in 522or 523. The chants were sung day and night, by several choirs in rotation without ceasing. The practise continued there until the early ninth century.
The abbey had some of the richest and best preserved treasures in Western Europe.
Provence( 879- 887) received the abbey in 871from his brother-in-law Charles II "le Chauve". The lay abbot of the abbey succeeded Boson as King and was crowned King Rudolf Iin 888in a cornation ceremony at the abbey itself. [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/PROVENCE.htm, website accessed September 27, 2006.] In 1840, Pope Gregory XVIconferred the title of see of Bethlehemin perpetuity to the now independent St. Maurice's Abbey. [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02532e.htm, Catholic Encyclopedia, New Advent.org, website accessed September 27, 2006.] Throughout the history of the abbey, its strategic mountain pass location and independent patronage has subjected it to the whims of war. The abbey was often forced to pay ransom or house troops. Today, it operates a highly-ranked secondary school for boys. [http://www.union-psce.edu/news/publications/focus/archive/other/diocletian.shtml, website, accessed September 26, 2007.]
The abbey has been built and rebuilt over a period of at least 15 centuries. Excavations on the site have revealed a
baptistrydating to the 4th and 5th centuries, a series of four main churches built over one another dating from the 5th to the 11th century, and crypts built between the 4th and 8th century. The current church was first built in the 17th century while the tower dates to the 11th century. Preceding Clermont-Ferrand Cathedralin 946, Chartres Cathedralca. 1020and Rouen Cathedralca. 1030, the abbey was an early example of an ambulatory plan with radiating chapels. [http://ic.ucsc.edu/~goth/arth164/Exercises/buildings.html, website, accessed September 27, 2006.] The Romanesque tower was reconstructed in 1945to repair damage caused by a massive falling rock. The newly installed carillonis the largest built to date in Switzerland. [http://www.carillon.org/eng/dynamic_frame_eng.htm?http://www.carillon.org/eng/actueel/maurice_1.htm, website, accessed September 27, 2006.]
* [http://www.abbaye-stmaurice.ch/home-home-english.html Abbaye de Saint-Maurice d'Agaune: official website] en icon, fr icon
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley — Maurice de Berkeley Baron Berkeley Restored effigy of Maurice de Berkeley, Baron Berkeley(d.1368) The Valiant , St Augustine s Abbey (Bristol Cathedral). Adjacent at his right hand is the effigy of his mother … Wikipedia
Abbey Simon — (b. 8 January 1922, New York) is a Jewish American classical pianist.EducationAt age 11, Simon started his studies with Józef Hofmann and David Saperton at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia. Simon also took lessons from Leopold… … Wikipedia
Maurice Maeterlinck — Born Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard 29 August 1862(1862 08 29) Ghent, Belgium Died 6 May 1949( … Wikipedia
Abbey of Saint Remy — Abbey of Saint Remy † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Abbey of Saint Remy Founded at Reims before 590. Its early history is very obscure; at first a little chapel dedicated to St. Christopher, it obtained great renown when it acquired the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Maurice Fitzgerald — (or FitzGerald) may refer to: Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan (c. 1100–1176) was a major figure in the Norman conquest of Ireland Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Lord of Offaly (fl. 13th century), Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, founder of Sligo… … Wikipedia
Abbey of Morimond — Abbey of Morimond † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Abbey of Morimond Fourth daughter of Cîteaux situated in Champagne, Diocese of Langres, France; was founded in 1115 by Odelric d Aigremont and his wife, Adeline de Choiseul. Arnold, its… … Catholic encyclopedia
Maurice of Inchaffray — Maurice blessing the Scottish army at Bannockburn. Maurice (Scottish Gaelic: Muireach or Muireadhach) was a 14th century Scottish cleric who became Prior of Inchmahome, Abbot of Inchaffray and then Bishop of Dunblane. He was Prior of Inchmahome… … Wikipedia
Maurice Richard Josey — Maurice Josey at Droitwich. More than 8 tons of glass was imported from Venice. Maurice Richard Josey (30 October 1870 16 May 1938) was an English mosaic artist. Josey was born at 1 Langton Cottages, Melbourne Square, Kennington, London in 1870,… … Wikipedia
Maurice Durand — Born December 6, 1884 Les Sables d Olonne, Vendée, France Died February, 1978 Les Sables d Olonne, Vendée, France Nationality French Work … Wikipedia
Maurice Chappaz — 1983 Maurice Chappaz (21 December 1916, Lausanne – 15 January 2009) was a French language Swiss poet and writer. He published more than 40 books and won several literary awards, including his country s most notable award, the Grand Prix Schiller … Wikipedia