Negotiorum gestio

Negotiorum gestio (Latin for "management of business"), or agency without specific authorisation (German: Geschäftsführung ohne Auftrag) under the German Civil Code[1], undertaking formed without agreement (French: engagement formé sans convention) under the French Civil Code[2] or management of business of another (Japanese: 事務管理) under the Japanese Civil Code[3], is a form of spontaneous agency in which an agent, the gestor, acts on behalf and for the benefit of a principal, but without his or her consent. The gestor is only entitled to reimbursement for expenses and not to remuneration, the underlying principle being that negotiorum gestio is intended as an act of generosity and friendship and not to allow the gestor to profit from his agency. This form of agency is found in civil law countries and in Scots law and South African law, both of which are mixed legal systems.

For example, while you are traveling abroad, a typhoon hits your home town and the roofing of your house is in danger. To avoid the catastrophic situation, your neighbor does something urgently necessary. You are the 'principal' and your neighbor here is the 'gestor", the act of which saved your house is the 'negotiorum gestio.'

It originated as a Roman legal institution in which an individual acted on behalf of another, without his asking and without remuneration. It was considered a part of officium (duty), for instance, to defend a friend's or neighbour's interests while the friend or neighbor was away.[4]

The principal, or dominus, more fully dominus negotiorum dominus rei gestae, is bound to indemnify the gestor for the expenses and liabilities incurred.

Negotiorum gestio could be compared with a quasi-contract in Common Law system.

References

  1. ^ See BGB - Book 2 - Title 13
  2. ^ See FCC - Book 3 - Title 4
  3. ^ See JCC - Article 697
  4. ^ J.A. Crook, Law and Life of Rome (Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press), 236–37.

See also

Roman Law


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  • negotiorum gestio — ne·go·ti·or·um ges·tio /ni ˌgō shē ȯr əm jes chē ō/ n [Late Latin, from Latin, management of business] in the civil law of Louisiana: the management of or interference with the business or affairs of another without authority Merriam Webster’s… …   Law dictionary

  • Negotiōrum gestĭo — (lat.), soviel wie Geschäftsführung (s. d.), Negotiorum gestor, Geschäftsführer, d.h. derjenige, der eine N. g. vornimmt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Negotiorum gestio —    • Negotiōrum gestio,          добровольно принятое на себя ведение чужих дел. Посвятивший себя этому назывался procurator или amicus voluntarius. Cic. Brut. 5. Caes. 5 …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • negotiorum gestio — noun A situation in which a gestor acts on behalf of a principal for the benefit of that principal, but without the consent of that principal, and the action is later ratified by the principal. The gestor is only entitled to reimbursement of… …   Wiktionary

  • Negotiorum gestio — см. Добровольная деятельность в чужом интересе …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • negotiorum gestio — nəˌgōd.ēˈōˌru̇mˈgestēˌō noun Etymology: Late Latin, from Latin, management of business : gestion 2 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gestio —    • Gestio (юр.),        1. pro herede gestio, безгласное принятие наследства, причем наследник исполняет действия, которые подобают только наследнику, назначенному законным порядком;        2. gestio sc. negotiorum, ведение дел опекуном за… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • negotiorum gestor — negotiorum ges·tor / jes tər, ˌtȯr/ n [Late Latin, from Latin, manager of business] in the civil law of Louisiana: an agent undertaking negotiorum gestio Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • gestio — /jest(i)yow/ In the civil law, behavior or conduct. Management or transaction. @ negotiorum gestio the doing of another s business; an interference in the affairs of another in his absence, from benevolence or friendship, and without authority +… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Geschäftsführung ohne Auftrag — Die Geschäftsführung ohne Auftrag (lat. negotiorum gestio) ist die Wahrnehmung von Geschäften des Geschäftsherren (Negotiorum dominus) durch den Geschäftsführer (Negotiorum gestor) ohne dass der Geschäftsführer durch den Geschäftsherren hierzu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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