Akimiski Island

Infobox Islands
name = Akimiski


image caption = Closeup of Akimiski Island
image size =
locator

map_custom = no
native name =
native name link = Inuktikut
nickname =
location = Northern Canada
coordinates = coord|53|00|N|81|20|W|display=inline,title
archipelago = Canadian Arctic Archipelago
total islands =
major islands =
area = convert|3001|km2|sqmi|abbr=on
highest mount =
elevation =
country = Canada
country admin divisions title = Territory
country admin divisions = flag|Nunavut
country leader title =
country leader name =
population = Uninhabited
population as of =
density =
ethnic groups = Inuit
additional info =

Akimiski Island is the largest island in James Bay (a southeasterly extension of Hudson Bay), Canada, which is part of the Qikiqtaaluk Region of the territory of Nunavut. It has an area of 3 001 km² (1,159 square miles), making it the 164th largest island in the world, and Canada's 29th largest island. Akimiski Island is only 19 km from the province of Ontario. Standing on the western side of the island, one can see the Ontario coastline.

The island is currently uninhabited. The surface of Akimiski is flat and slopes gradually to the north. Most of the vegetation that covers the island consists of lichen, moss, sedges, and dwarf Black Spruce. The eastern half of the island is a migratory bird sanctuary. The island is a coastal wetland that includes mudflats, tidal marshes, and tidal mudflats. Freshwater streams that flow into southwestern James Bay carry sediments and abundant nutrients that help to sustain the productive waterfowl habitat around Akimiski Island.

Akimiski Island is home to one of the territory's Migratory Bird Sanctuaries. The coastal waters and wetlands of Akimiski Island (and James Bay in general) are important feeding grounds for many varieties of migratory birds. [cite web |url=http://fwcb.cfans.umn.edu/CO-OP/projects/nestorone/publications/eppresearch/2005_EPP_Research_Annual_Report.pdf |title=Sympatric nesting eastern prairie population Canada Geese and Lesser Snow Geese |accessdate=2008-05-09 |last=Reiter |first=Matthew E. |coauthors= |date=February 2006 |work= |publisher=] James Bay and Hudson Bay are funnel-shaped and consequently cause migrating birds from the Arctic to concentrate in this area. During fall migration, there is an abundance of birds when adults and young are present. In the springtime, the birds tend to reside in the southern areas of James Bay until the northern section thaws. The Akimiski Island Group includes Akimiski, Gasket, and Gullery Islands; Albert Shoal, and the Akimiski Strait Isles.

References

Further reading


* Blaney, C S, and P M Kotanen. 2001. "Articles - The Vascular Flora of Akimiski Island, Nunavut Territory, Canada". "The Canadian Field-Naturalist". 115, no. 1: 88.
* Hill, Michael Robert John. "Factors Influencing Pre- and Post-Fledging Growth and Survival of Canada Goose Goslings on Akimiski Island, Nunavut". Ottawa: National Library of Canada = Bibliothèque nationale du Canada, 2000. ISBN 0612425274
* Martini, I. P. "Sedimentary Geology of Akimiski Island, Canada". Sedimentary geology, v. 37, no. 4. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1984.

External links

* [http://earth.jsc.nasa.gov/sseop/EFS/lores.pl?PHOTO=STS069-728-37 NASA Photo] : "STS085-713-070 Akimiski Island, Northwest Territory, Canada August 1997 Akimiski Island, a 2000-square-mile (5180 square kilometers) uninhabited island, is the largest island in James Bay (a southeasterly extension of Hudson Bay)."


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