Bad (album)


Bad (album)

Infobox Album
Name = Bad
Type = Album
Artist = Michael Jackson


Background = lightsteelblue
Released = August 31, 1987
Recorded = January 5, 1987 – July 9, 1987
(Except "Another Part Of Me": 1986)
Genre = R&B, Funk, dance-pop, pop rock
Length = 48:16 (Original release)
71:12 (Special Edition)
Label = Epic
EK-40600
Producer = Michael Jackson,
Quincy Jones [cite web | title=Album Credits for Bad | work=Artists Direct | url=http://www.artistdirect.com/nad/store/artist/album/0,,1570944,00.html | accessmonthday=February 3 | accessyear=2006]
Reviews = * All Music Guide Rating|4.5|5 [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=Aoe6cmpe39ffo link]
* Robert Christgau (B+) [http://www.robertchristgau.com/get_artist.php?id=932 link]
* "Q" Rating|5|5 [http://www.q4music.com/nav?page=q4music.review.redirect&fixture_review=137434&resource=137434&fixture_artist=141283 link]
* "Rolling Stone" Rating|4|5 [http://www.rollingstone.com/reviews/cd/review.asp?aid=48628&cf=1650 link]
Last album = "Anthology"
(1986)
This album = "Bad"
(1987)
Next album = "Dangerous"
(1991)

"Bad" is the seventh studio album by pop singer Michael Jackson, released on August 31, 1987 by Epic/CBS Records. Released nearly five years after the phenomenon of "Thriller", the album sold over twenty-five million copies worldwide, and shipped eight million units in the US. "Bad" is the only album in history to feature five Billboard Hot 100 #1 singles.

History

Recording

Jackson began recording demos for the anticipated follow-up to "Thriller" a few months after his last performance with The Jacksons after their successful Victory Tour. Recording took place between November 1986 and July 9, 1987 ["Bad (Special Edition), liner notes] (except for "Another Part of Me" which was recorded for "Captain EO" in 1986). Jackson wrote a reported sixty songs for the new album and recorded thirty, wanting to use them all on a three-disc set. Instead his longtime producer Quincy Jones cut it down to ten tracks and a bonus song making it a single LP. The CD release contained the bonus track, "Leave Me Alone". Jackson wrote nine of the eleven tracks himself while Terry Britten (writer of Tina Turner's "What's Love Got to Do With It") and Graham Lyle wrote "Just Good Friends" and Siedah Garrett and Glen Ballard wrote "Man in the Mirror". Contributionsfrom other musicians included Stevie Wonder who sung a duet with Jackson on "Just Good Friends" while Steve Stevens contributed a guitar solo for "Dirty Diana". Originally Jones wanted "Bad" to have been a duet between Jackson and Prince; but apparently, Prince told him that the song "would be a hit without (him) on it". Years later, Prince (jokingly) explained his reason for declining was over either artist singing the song's "your butt is mine" lyric. Another song, "I Just Can't Stop Loving You", was also supposed to feature a famous female singer. Reportedly Barbra Streisand, Aretha Franklin and Whitney Houston all turned down the duet offer. R&B singer-songwriter Siedah Garrett was picked by Quincy Jones to sing with him on the song. According to Jones, song choices were difficult. For instance: he and Jackson deliberated over two MJ compositions intended for the album. One: "Streetwalker" favoured by the artist, and Jones' choice: "Another Part of Me". Jones said the dilemma was decided by Jackson's portly manager Frank DiLeo "shaking his butt" to "Another Part of Me". Jones joked: Jackson verbally chastised DiLeo, who he nicknamed "Rubba", for it.

Reception

By the time Jackson released this album, sales of its predecessor, "Thriller", had already reached forty million, raising expectations for "Bad". "Bad" became the first of Jackson's albums to debut at number-one on the "Billboard" 200 where it remained for the next six consecutive weeks. The RIAA certified "Bad" for having sold eight million copies in the U.S. alone.cite web |url=http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?table=SEARCH_RESULTS&artist=Michael%20Jackson&format=ALBUM&go=Search&perPage=100
title=Gold and Platinum |publisher=Recording Industry Association of America |accessdate=2008-04-27
] In the U.K, the album sold 500,000 copies in just five days and is currently certified 13x platinum, for sales of 3.9 million making it Jackson's biggest-selling album in the UK. Globally, it's Jackson's overall second best-selling recording, with 25 million copies sold. [Taraborrelli, p. 610–611]

Jackson set another record with this album, becoming the first - and currently, only artist to have five songs to hit number-one from one album. [ [http://michaeljackson.com/lofi/history-main-1980s.html Michael Jackson's History in the 1980s] ] In July 2006, it was announced by the The Official UK Charts Company that "Bad" was the ninth biggest selling album in British history. [http://www.mirror.co.uk/northernireland/news/tm_method=full%26objectid=18104022%26siteid=94762-name_page.html] . It turned out to be the last collaborative effort by Jackson and Jones, as Jackson moved on to write and produce more of his own records, particularly with Teddy Riley, Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis and Rodney Jerkins.

"Rolling Stone" stated that "even without a milestone recording like "Billie Jean", "Bad" is still a better record than "Thriller"."cite web|url=http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/michaeljackson/albums/album/259584/review/6067877/bad|title=Album Reviews: Bad|accessdate=2007-07-02 |format= |work=Rolling Stone|date=2001] The magazine further went on to say that the "filler" content in "Bad" - including songs such as "Speed Demon", "Dirty Diana" and "Liberian Girl" - is written by Jackson himself, making "Bad" "richer, sexier and better than "Thriller's" forgettables."

In 2001, a special edition was released with three new songs and a new booklet containing lyrics and never-before-seen photos.

RS500|202 [ [http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/5938174/the_rs_500_greatest_albums_of_all_time "The RS 500 Greatest Albums of All Time"] , "Rolling Stone" (2003-11-18).]

Marketing

During the "Bad" period was one of the first times Jackson used marketing to his advantage, more so than he had with "Thriller". A year before "Bad", Jackson used several tactics to get the media interested in his short film, "Captain EO", during the recording of "Bad". Jackson played a space captain in the mini-film, which was produced by George Lucas. By the time Jackson released "Bad", he produced a commemorative special on his life, "The Magic Returns", which aired on CBS. At the end of the documentary, the channel debuted Jackson's "Bad", which featured then up-and-coming actor Wesley Snipes, in its mini-film version. Jackson's marketing strategy, mastered by Frank DiLeo among others, also included Jackson producing another mini-movie around the time of the "Bad" tour. That film, "Moonwalker", included performances of songs from "Bad" including "Speed Demon", "Leave Me Alone" and "Smooth Criminal", the latter two released as solevideos at the end of the film. Jackson also used the opportunity to write about his life up until that point releasing 1988's "Moonwalk". Jackson's tour for "Bad" did well grossing $125 million by the end of its tenure. Though Jackson furthered his stance as a global pop superstar, in America, he failed to match to the sales of "Thriller" having some in the media calling it a "disappointment" compared to "Thriller".

Track listing

All songs composed by Michael Jackson, unless otherwise noted.

Note: There were a number of changes following the re-pressings of "Bad", as compared to the original 1987 release. [Michael Jackson: For The Record. Chris Cadman, Michael Haystead.]

*"The Way You Make Me Feel" has richer vocalizations and background vocals.
*"I Just Can't Stop Loving You" omits Michael's spoken intro.
*"Dirty Diana" is replaced with the 7-inch edit of the song.

#"Bad" - 4:07
#"The Way You Make Me Feel" - 4:59
#"Speed Demon" - 4:01
#"Liberian Girl" - 3:53
#"Just Good Friends" (duet with Stevie Wonder) (Terry Britten/Graham Lyle) - 4:08
#"Another Part of Me" - 3:54
#"Man in the Mirror" (Glen Ballard/Siedah Garrett) - 5:19
#"I Just Can't Stop Loving You" (Duet with Jackson and Siedah Garrett) - 4:13
#"Dirty Diana" - 4:41
#"Smooth Criminal" - 4:19
#"Leave Me Alone" - 4:40 "Exclusive to the CD version"
#"Interview with Quincy Jones #1" - 4:03
#"Streetwalker" - 5:49
#"Interview with Quincy Jones #2" - 2:53
#"Todo Mi Amor Eres Tu (I Just Can't Stop Loving You)" (Michael Jackson/Rubén Blades) - 4:05
#"Interview with Quincy Jones #3" - 2:30
#"Intro to 'Fly Away'" - 0:08
#"Fly Away" (Michael Jackson) - 3:26

Tracks 12-18 are featured on the 2001 Special Edition release.cite web |url=http://www.amazon.co.uk/Bad-Dangerous-Michael-Jackson/dp/tracks/B0002W1ANC/ref=dp_tracks_all_1#disc_1 |title=Bad/Dangerous |publisher=www.amazon.co.uk |accessdate=2008-08-25]

ingles

#July 1987 - "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" U.S. #1 / UK #1
#September 1987 - "Bad" U.S. #1 / UK #3
#November 1987 - "The Way You Make Me Feel" U.S. #1 / UK #3
#January 1988 - "Man in the Mirror" U.S. #1 / UK #21
#April 1988 - "Dirty Diana" U.S. #1 / UK #4
#July 1988 - "Another Part of Me" U.S. #11 / UK #15
#September 1988 - "Smooth Criminal" U.S. #7 / UK #8
#January 1989 - "Leave Me Alone" UK #2
#June 1989 - "Liberian Girl" UK #13Michael Jackson , The Ultimate Collection, Booklet]

"Leave Me Alone" was released as a single in 1989, reaching #2 in the U.K. It was not on the original Album track list for "Bad" but it was recorded in 1987 and was included in his film "Moonwalker". It won the 1990 Grammy Award for “Best Short Form Music Video”. The track was included on all cd versions of the album.

Chart performance

Certifications

U.S. sales

Credits

"Bad"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson
* Solo and background vocals: Michael Jackson
* Hammond B3 Midi organ solo: Jimmy Smith
* Synthesizer solo: Greg Phillinganes
* Drums: John Robinson
* Drum programming: Douglas Getschal
* Guitar: David Williams
* Saxophones: Kim Hutchcroft and Larry Williams
* Trumpets: Gary Grant and Jerry Hey
* Percussion: Paulinho Da Costa
* Synclavier keyboards, digital guitar and rubboard: Christopher Currell
* Synthesizers: John Barnes, Michael Boddicker and Greg Phillinganes
* Rhythm arrangement by Michael Jackson, Christopher Currell and Quincy Jones
* Horn arrangement by Jerry Hey
* Vocal arrangement by Michael Jackson

"The Way You Make Me Feel"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson
* Solo and background vocals and finger snaps: Michael Jackson
* Drums: John Robinson
* Drum programming: Douglas Getschal
* Saxophones: Kim Hutchcroft and Larry Williams
* Trumpets: Gary Grant and Jerry Hey
* Percussion: Ollie E. Brown and Paulinho Da Costa
* Synclavier and finger snaps: Christopher Currell
* Synthesizers: John Barnes, Michael Boddicker and Greg Phillinganes
* Synthesizer programming: Larry Williams
* Rhythm and vocal arrangement by Michael Jackson
* Horn arrangement by Jerry Hey

"Speed Demon"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson
* Solo and background vocals and vocal synthesizer: Michael Jackson
* Midi saxophone solo: Larry Williams
* Drums: Miko Brando, Ollie E. Brown and John Robinson
* Drum programming: Douglas Getschal
* Guitars: Bill Bottrell and David Williams
* Saxophone: Kim Hutchcroft
* Trumpets: Gary Grant and Jerry Hey
* Percussion: Ollie E. Brown and Paulinho Da Costa
* Synclavier and effects: Christopher Currell
* Synthesizers: John Barnes, Michael Boddicker and Greg Phillinganes
* Synthesizer programming: Eric Persing
* Sounds engineered by Ken Caillat and Tom Jones
* Rhythm arrangement by Michael Jackson and Quincy Jones
* Vocal arrangement by Michael Jackson
* Synthersizer and horn arrangements by Jerry Hey

"Liberian Girl"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson
* Solo and background vocals: Michael Jackson
* Drums: Miko Brando, Ollie E. Brown and John Robinson
* Drum programming: Douglas Getschal
* Percussion: Ollie E. Brown and Paulinho Da Costa
* Synclavier and effects: Christopher Currell
* Synthesizers: John Barnes, Michael Boddicker, David Paich and Larry Williams
* Synthesizer programming: Steve Porcaro
* Swahili chant: Letta Mbulu
* Rhythm arrangement by Michael Jackson, John Barnes and Quincy Jones
* Synthersizer arrangement by Jerry Hey, John Barnes and Quincy Jones
* Vocal arrangement by Michael Jackson and John Barnes
* Swahili chant arrangement by Caiphus Semenya

"Just Good Friends"

* Written and composed by Terry Britten and Graham Lyle
* Vocal duet with Michael Jackson and Stevie Wonder
* Synthesizer solo: Stevie Wonder
* Drums: Ollie E. Brown, Humberto Gatica and Bruce Swedien
* Drum programming: Cornelius Mims
* Guitar: Michael Landau
* Saxophones: Kim Hutchcroft and Larry Williams
* Trumpets: Gary Grant and Jerry Hey
* Percussion: Paulinho Da Costa
* Synclavier: Christopher Currell
* Synthesizers: Michael Boddicker, Rhett Lawrence, Greg Phillinganes and Larry Williams
* Rhythm, synthesizer and vocal arrangements by Terry Britten, Graham Lyle and Quincy Jones
* Horn arrangement by Jerry Hey

"Another Part of Me"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson
* Solo and background vocals: Michael Jackson
* Guitars: Paul Jackson, Jr. and David Williams
* Saxophones: Kim Hutchcroft and Larry Williams
* Trumpets: Gary Grant and Jerry Hey
* Synclavier: Christopher Currell
* Synthesizers: Rhett Lawrence and John Barnes
* Rhythm and vocal arrangements by Michael Jackson and John Barnes
* Horn arrangement by Jerry Hey

"Man in the Mirror"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson, Siedah Garrett and Glen Ballard
* Solo and background vocals: Michael Jackson featuring Siedah Garrett, the Winans and the Andrae Crouch Choir
* Cl

* Guitar: Dan Huff
* Keyboards: Stefan Stefanovic
* Synthesizers: Glen Ballard and Randy Kerber
* Background vocals: Siedah Garrett, The Winans (Carvin, Marvin, Michael and Ronald Winans), The Andrae Crouch Choir (Sandra Crouch, Maxi Anderson, Rose Banks, Geary Faggett, Vonciele Faggett, Andrew Gouche, Linda Green, Francine Howard, Jean Johnson, Perry Morgan and Alfie Silas)
* Rhythm arrangements by Glen Ballard and Quincy Jones
* Synthesizer arrangement by Glen Ballard, Quincy Jones and Jerry Hey
* Vocal arrangement by Andrae Crouch

"I Just Can't Stop Loving You"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson
* Vocal duet with Michael Jackson and Siedah Garrett
* Bass: Nathan East
* Drums: N'dugu Chancler
* Guitar: Dan Huff
* Percussion: Paulinho Da Costa
* Piano: John Barnes
* Synclavier: Christopher Currell
* Synthesizers: David Paich and Greg Phillinganes
* Synthesizer programming: Steve Porcaro
* Rhythm arrangement by Quincy Jones
* Synthesizer arrangement by David Paich and Quincy Jones
* Vocal arrangement by Michael Jackson and John

"Dirty Diana"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson
* Solo and background vocals and clave' clapstick: Michael Jackson
* Guitar solo: Steve Stevens
* Drums: John Robinson
* Drum programming: Douglas Getschal
* Guitar: Paul Jackson, Jr. and David Williams
* Synclavier: Christopher Currell
* Synclavier synthesis: Denny Jaeger
* Synthesizers: John Barnes, Michael Boddicker and Randy Waldman
* Rhythm arrangement by Michael Jackson, John Barnes and Jerry Hey
* Synthesizer arrangement by Michael Jackson, Quincy Jones and John Barnes
* String arrangement by John Barnes
* Vocal arrangement by Michael Jackson

"Smooth Criminal"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson
* Solo and background vocals and cl

* Drums: Bill Bottrell, John Robinson and Bruce Swedien
* Guitar: David Williams
* Saxophones: Kim Hutchcroft and Larry Williams
* Trumpets: Gary Grant and Jerry Hey
* Muted Steinway: Kevin Maloney
* Synclavier: Christopher Currell
* Certain Synclavier effects by Denny Jaeger and Michael Rubini
* Synthesizers: John Barnes and Michael Boddicker
* Chief of Police announcement by Bruce Swedien
* Michael Jackson's heartbeat recording by Dr. Eric Chevlan digitally processed in the synclavier
* Rhythm arrangement by Michael Jackson and John Barnes
* Horn arrangement by Jerry Hey
* Vocal arrangement by Michael Jackson

"Leave Me Alone"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson
* Solo and background vocals and vocal synthesizer: Michael Jackson
* Drum programming and synthesizers: Larry Williams
* Guitar: Paul Jackson, Jr.
* Synclavier and synthesizer programming: Casey Young
* Synthesizer: Greg Phillinganes
* Rhythm and vocal arrangement by Michael Jackson

"Streetwalker"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson

"Todo Mi Amor Eres Tu (I Just Can't Stop Loving You)"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson and Rubén Blades

"Fly Away"

* Written and composed by Michael Jackson

Other credits

* Produced by Quincy Jones
* Co-produced by Michael Jackson
* Recorded and mixed by Bruce Swedien
* Additional engineering by Humberto Gatica
* Technical director: Craig Jonhnson
* Additional recording by Claudio Ordenes, Bill Bottrel, Matt Forger, Craig Johnson, Gary Olazabal and Brian Malouf
* Assistant engineers: Debbie Johnson, Claudio Ordenes, Brad Sundberg and Laura Livingstone

pecial edition interviews

* Interview with Quincy Jones was done by David Wild
* Pre-production research by Matt Forger and Al Quagelieri
* Voice-over announcer: Jason Deitz

Notes

References

*cite book |last=Taraborrelli |first=J. Randy |authorlink=J. Randy Taraborrelli |title=The Magic and the Madness |year=2004 |publisher=Headline |location=Terra Alta, WV |id=ISBN 0-330-42005-4

ee also

* Bad World Tour
* Michael Jackson singles discography


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